Applying Career Development Theory to Counseling / Edition 2

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Richard Sharf goes beyond simply presenting theory to show the reader how to apply the principles in a counseling setting, making this book useful for both practicing counselors and counselors-in-training. Sharf covers three major theoretical areas (trait and type, life-span, and special-focus theories) in Parts I-III, then discusses theoretical integration in Part IV, with each theory providing a unique perspective on career development. The book also offers numerous case examples, discusses career testing from a practical and theoretical perspective, and integrates labor-market information with career theory. In addition, this book has been praised for having a clear writing style, useful case examples, and material included throughout on diversity.
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Editorial Reviews

A text for a beginning graduate course in a curriculum of career counseling, testing, guidance, or theory. Presents the major principles of the major types of career theories, including trait and type, lifespan, and special focus; and shows how they can be integrated in counselling practice. The second edition enlarges the coverage of personal factors, women and minorities, class and family, and other considerations; the first edition appeared in the early 1990s. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
New edition of a resource that presents key theories and research to help career counselors assist clients. Sharf (U. of Delaware) focuses on one theory per chapter, showing how each can be applied to counseling and how it can be a guide to the use of occupational information, tests, inventories, and other tools that help provide insight into career concerns. Topics include trait and type, life-span and special focus theories, and theoretical integration. New features include a chapter on constructivist approaches (replacing the former one on psychodynamic approaches) and material on cognitive information processing theory. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534345037
  • Publisher: Brooks/Cole
  • Publication date: 9/28/1996
  • Series: Counseling Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 496
  • Product dimensions: 6.64 (w) x 9.56 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 1
The Role of Theory in Psychology 4
Counselors' Use of Career Development Theory 5
Counselor Skills 8
Goals of Career Counseling 16
Career Development of Women 17
Career Development of Culturally Diverse Populations 18
What's Ahead 18
References 20
Part 1 Trait and Type Theories 23
Chapter 2 Trait and Factor Theory 25
Step 1 Gaining Self-Understanding 27
Step 2 Obtaining Knowledge About the World of Work 38
Step 3 Integrating Information About Oneself and the World of Work 53
Applying the Theory to Women 56
Applying the Theory to Culturally Diverse Populations 58
Counselor Issues 60
Summary 61
References 61
Chapter 3 Work Adjustment Theory 65
Assessing Abilities, Values, Personality, and Interests 67
Measuring the Requirements and Conditions of Occupations 74
Matching Abilities, Values, and Reinforcers 77
Job Adjustment Counseling 82
Adjustment to Retirement 84
New Developments 86
The Role of Testing 86
The Role of Occupational Information 88
Applying the Theory to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations 88
Counselor Issues 90
Summary 90
References 91
Chapter 4 Holland's Theory of Types 94
The Six Types 95
Combinations of Types 101
Explanatory Constructs 102
Research on Holland's Constructs 108
The Role of Occupational Information 110
The Role of Testing 111
Applying the Theory to Women 112
Applying the Theory to Culturally Diverse Populations 113
Counselor Issues 114
Summary 116
References 117
Chapter 5 Myers-Briggs Type Theory 120
Perceiving and Judging 122
Extraversion and Introversion 127
The Sixteen Type Combinations 127
Dominant and Auxiliary Processes 131
Using the Myers-Briggs Typology in Counseling 132
The Role of Occupational Information 142
The Role of Testing 143
Applying the Theory to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations 145
Counselor Issues 147
Summary 147
References 148
Part 2 Life-Span Theory 151
Chapter 6 Introduction to Super's Life-Span Theory 153
Basic Assumptions of Super's Theory 153
Self-Concept 154
Roles 156
Developmental Stages 157
The Role of Occupational Information and Testing 159
Applying the Theory to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations 159
Summary 160
References 160
Chapter 7 Career Development in Childhood 162
Super's Model of the Career Development of Children 163
Using Super's Model in Counseling Children 171
Gender-Role Stereotyping and Gottfredson's Theory 173
Career Development of Children from Culturally Diverse Backgrounds 178
The Role of Occupational Information 179
The Role of Testing 181
Counselor Issues 182
Summary 182
References 182
Chapter 8 Adolescent Career Development 186
Factors Influencing Adolescent Career Development 187
Ginzberg's Tentative Stages of Adolescent Career Development 188
Career Maturity 193
Identity and Context 199
The Role of Occupational Information 203
The Role of Testing 204
Gender Issues in Adolescence 205
Career Development of Adolescents from Diverse Cultural Backgrounds 209
Counselor Issues 213
Summary 213
References 214
Chapter 9 Late Adolescent and Adult Career Development 219
Role Salience 220
Adult Life Stages 225
Life Stages of Women 239
Life Stages of Culturally Diverse Adults 242
Counselor Issues 246
Summary 247
References 248
Chapter 10 Adult Career Crises and Transitions 252
Types of Transitions 253
Categories of Career Transitions 253
Models of Transitions and Crises 256
Hopson and Adams's Model of Adult Transitions 258
Career Crises Affecting Women 264
Career Crises Affecting Culturally Diverse Populations 270
Counselor Issues 272
Summary 273
References 273
Part 3 Special Focus Theories 277
Chapter 11 Constructivist Approaches to Career Development 279
Personal Construct Psychology 280
Narrative Counseling 291
The Role of Testing 301
The Role of Occupational Information 302
Applying the Theories to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations 303
Counselor Issues 303
Summary 304
References 305
Chapter 12 Parental Influence Theories 307
Roe's Personality Development Theory 308
Attachment Theory 321
Parent-Child Career Interactions 324
Family Systems Therapy 325
Using Parental Influence Theories in Counseling 327
Applying the Theories to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations 330
Summary 331
References 331
Chapter 13 Social Learning and Cognitive Theory 335
Krumboltz's Social Learning Theory 336
Social Cognitive Career Theory 356
The Role of Occupational Information 364
The Role of Testing 365
Applying Social Learning and Social Cognitive Career Theories to Women 365
Applying Social Learning and Social Cognitive Career Theories to Culturally Diverse Populations 368
Counselor Issues 369
Summary 370
References 370
Chapter 14 Career Decision-Making Approaches 374
Tiedeman's Perspective on the Process of Career Decision Making 375
A Spiritual Perspective on Decision Making 382
A Cognitive Information Processing Approach 391
The Role of Occupational Information 405
The Role of Testing 406
Applying the Theories to Women and Culturally Diverse Populations 406
Counselor Issues 407
Summary 408
References 408
Chapter 15 The Labor Market: Sociological and Economic Perspectives 411
The United States Labor Market 412
Sociological and Economic Approaches 414
Youth Employment 417
The Effect of the Work Environment on the Individual 419
Status Attainment Theory 422
Human Capital Theory 427
Dual-Economy Theory 429
Women and Discrimination in the Workplace 431
Culturally Diverse Individuals and Discrimination in the Workplace 438
Summary 441
References 442
Part 4 Theoretical Integration 449
Chapter 16 Theories in Combination 451
Combining Theories 452
Noncounseling Applications of Theories 463
Special Counseling Issues 465
Test Use in Theories 469
Occupational Classification Systems and Career Development Theories 470
How Theories Apply to Career Development Issues of Women 472
How Theories Apply to Cultural Diversity Issues in Career Development 474
Counselor Issues 475
Conclusion 477
References 477
Appendix Tests and Their Publishers 481
Name Index 485
Subject Index 491
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