Arabia Felix from the Time of the Queen of Sheba: Eigth Century B. C. to First Century A. D.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780268020040
  • Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press
  • Publication date: 8/1/2000
  • Pages: 226
  • Sales rank: 1,507,463
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
The Queen of Sheba: Myths and Legends
The Myth of Arabia Felix
In Pursuit of Myths?
1. The Gardens of Saba 9
The Roof of Arabia
A Land of Monsoons
Down the Wadi Dhana
Mastering the Floods
A "Hydraulic" Society?
The Two Gardens
Crops and Forests
The City of Ma'rib
The Temples outside the City Walls
Words Carved in Stone
2. The Caravan Kingdoms 29
The Sources
What Is Saba?
The First Mukarribs
The Reign of Mukarrib Karib'il Watar
The Sabaean Peace
Reasons for the Success of the Sabaeans
Saba: Kingdom without a Queen?
The Decline of the Sabaean Empire
The Rise of Qataban
Ma'in and the Minaeans
More Than One Arabia Felix?
3. Fragrances of Arabia 53
Theophrastus's Natural History
Two Harvests a Year
Other Spices
Unknown Quantities
Frankincense Routes through South Arabia
From Arabia to the Mediterranean
Some Prices
Organization of the Caravans
Maritime Routes
4. Cities and Villages 75
A Sparsely Populated Land
Fortified Cities
A Distinctive Urbanism
A Visit to Shabwa
Wooden Houses
A Wealthy Man's Home
Austere Dwellings
Functions of the House
The Villages
5. Economy and Society 93
A Unique Society
Tribal Organization
A Hierarchical Society
The Place of Women
The Peasants
Animal Husbandry
The Rural Economy
The Urban Economy
The Fragility of the Urban Economies
The Builders
Scribes and Clerks
The Steppes and the Deserts
6. The Gods and Their Temples 117
Fragmentary Sources
The God 'Athtar
The God Almaqah
Principal South Arabian Divinities
Other Divinities
Gods without Human Forms?
The Economy of Temples
Peculiar Rites
Some Ceremonial Costumes
Sanctuaries of the Archaic Period
Temples of Jawf and Hadramawt
7. The World of the Dead 143
The Heritage of the Past
Images of the Dead
A Final Dwelling Place
Burial of the Dead in the Silt
The Tombs of Camels
Later Burial Practices
8. Toward New Horizons 159
The Rise of Himyar
The Royal Tribe of Saba
The Arrival of the Nomads
The Roman Army in South Arabia
New Horizons beyond the Sea
The Periplus of the Red Sea
A Hybrid Art
Conclusion 177
Glossary 181
Notes 185
References 197
Index 207
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