Arabic Historical Thought in the Classical Period

Arabic Historical Thought in the Classical Period

by Tarif Khalidi
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521465540

ISBN-13: 9780521465540

Pub. Date: 12/28/2003

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Thinking and writing about the past has always been of critical importance to the way that any culture or civilization views itself and its role in the world. In a work which surveys an entire tradition of historical thought and writing across a span of eight hundred years, Tarif Khalidi examines how Arabic-Islamic culture of the pre-modern period viewed the past, how…  See more details below

Overview

Thinking and writing about the past has always been of critical importance to the way that any culture or civilization views itself and its role in the world. In a work which surveys an entire tradition of historical thought and writing across a span of eight hundred years, Tarif Khalidi examines how Arabic-Islamic culture of the pre-modern period viewed the past, how it recorded it, and how it sought to answer the many complex questions associated with the discipline of history. The author combines a chronological with a topical approach to place the tradition within its wider intellectual context and socio-political environment, while quotations from historians across the period introduce the English-speaking reader to some of the principal intellectual texts of Arabic Islamic culture.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521465540
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2003
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization Series
Pages:
268
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1The birth of a tradition1
2History and Hadith17
From Hadith to history28
Sacred history30
Muhammad ibn Ishaq34
The isnad debate of the 3rd/9th century39
Sacred history continued: the scholarly consensus of Waqidi and Ibn Sad44
Tribal history: genealogy49
Tribal history continued: genealogy reformulated54
The genealogies of al-Baladhuri58
Tribal history continued: the conquests62
The conquests: three representative histories65
The histories of prophets68
Tabari, the 'imam' of Hadith historiography73
Concluding observations81
3History and Adab83
The rise of Adab83
The Umayyad state secretaries89
From Adab to History: 2nd-4th/8th-10th centuries96
Adab, Hikma and history: Jahiz104
Adab, Hadith and history: Ibn Qutayba108
Intention, space, time and number111
Intention113
Space115
Time118
Number122
Three aspects of historical thought: pattern, argument and style124
4History and Hikma131
Masudi: Adab, Hikma, history131
The khabar: jurists and theologians137
The khabar: four formulations of the 5th/11th century142
Abd al-Jabbar143
Baghdadi146
Basri148
Ibn Hazm149
The four formulations examined150
Miracle and custom151
Time and the philosophers158
History and the philosophers162
History as administrative experience: Miskawayhi170
History and natural science: Biruni176
5History and Siyasa182
The background182
Images of a new age184
Images of a new society188
The institution of rank189
Sultans and 'ulama'191
Siyasa and sharia193
History and self-Consciousness200
Biographical dictionaries204
Bezels of wisdom, glimpses of the Unseen210
Patterns of change215
The sense of place219
Ibn Khaldun222
Conclusion232
Bibliography235
Index243

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