Arabic Thought And Its Place In History
by De Lacy O'Leary
How Islamic philosophers preserved and built on ancient Hellenic ideas, and passed that legacy to the kindlers of the European Renaissance.
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This book details each of the steps along that path, identifying the Syriac writers of the late classical period as introducing Hellenic philosophy into the Middle East. The book details the growth of Islam, including the major branches such as the Shia, Sunni, and Sufi, and many minor as well, and their relation to the schools of Islamic philosophy. From the Baghdad of the Arabian Nights, we pass to Islamic Spain, where Arabic philosophy was increased by both Muslim and Jewish scholars. Finally, we see how Plato and Aristotle were re-introduced into Europe through Christian scholars, and became one of the precursors of the Italian Renaissance. The equivalent of a college-level course on the history of Islamic thought, this book is essential background reading if you want to understand this topic.
Chapter I. The Syriac Version of Hellenism
Chapter II. The Arab Period
Chapter III. The Coming of the ‘Abbasids
Chapter IV. The Translators
Chapter V. The Mu‘tazilites
Chapter VI. The Eastern Philosophers
Chapter VII. Sufism
Chapter VIII. Orthodox Scholasticism
Chapter IX. Western Philosophy
Chapter X. The Jewish Transmittors
Chapter XI. Influence of the Arabic Philosophers on Latin Scholasticism
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