Archaeological Sites: Conservation and Management


The fifth volume to appear in the Getty Conservation Institute's Readings in Conservation series, Archaeological Sites: Conservation and Management provides a comprehensive selection of more than seventy texts tracing the development of our understanding of the conservation and management of archaeological sites. The texts cover a broad spectrum of site types, geographical locations, cultural contexts, and methodological approaches and techniques. They range chronologically from early-eighteenth-century memories ...

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The fifth volume to appear in the Getty Conservation Institute's Readings in Conservation series, Archaeological Sites: Conservation and Management provides a comprehensive selection of more than seventy texts tracing the development of our understanding of the conservation and management of archaeological sites. The texts cover a broad spectrum of site types, geographical locations, cultural contexts, and methodological approaches and techniques. They range chronologically from early-eighteenth-century memories and late-nineteenth-and early-twentieth-century writings by such pioneers as Heinrich Schliemann and Sir Arthur Evans to a thorough representation of recent scholarship.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“[The editors] have done a commendable job of balancing the technical and the conceptual, the specific and the general, the ideal and the real. And their inclusion of a wide range of voices, a broad range of perspectives, is refreshing indeed.”—Association for Preservation Technology Bulletin
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781606061244
  • Publisher: Getty Publications
  • Publication date: 2/19/2013
  • Series: Readings in Conservation
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 736
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Sharon Sullivan, formerly executive director of the Australian Heritage Commission, is an adjunct professor at three Australian universities, a member of the Australian Heritage Council, and a fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. Richard Mackay is an adjunct professor at La Trobe University, in Melbourne, and a partner at Godden Mackay Logan, a leading Australian heritage consulting firm.

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Table of Contents

Foreword xi

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xviii

Note to the Reader xx

Part I History: Concepts, Methods, and Issues 1

Introduction 1

Milestones 6

Perspectives 10

Reading 1 Archaeological Site Conservation and Management: An Appraisal of Recent Trends (1998) Frank Matero Kecia L. Fong Elisa Del Bono Mark Goodman Evan Kopelson Lorraine McVey Jessica Sloop Catherine Turton 15

Reading 2 Memoirs (1704) Flaminio Vacca 18

Reading 3 Memoirs of Various Excavations Made in Rome and Surrounding Areas (17th century) Pietro Santi Bartoli 21

Reading 4 Memoirs (1873/1876) Heinrich Schliemann 23

Reading 5 The Tomb of Tut-ankh-amen (1923) Howard Carter A. C. Mace 27

Reading 6 The Ethics of Archaeology (1904) W. M. Flinders Petrie 30

Reading 7 Work of Reconstitution in the Palace of Knossos (1917) Sir Arthur Evans 37

Reading 8 Knossos (1997) John K. Papadopoulos 43

Reading 9 Conservation Manual: A Handbook for the Use of Archaeological Officers and Others Entrusted with the Care of Ancient Monuments (1923) John Marshall 47

Reading 10 Destruction or Conservation? Some Aspects of Monument Policy in British India (1899-1905) (2001) Nayanjot Lahiri 50

11 Manual on the Technique of Archaeological Excavations (1940): International Museums Office 63

Reading 12 Conservation Concepts (2007) Jukka Jokilehto 71

Reading 13 Preface to Conservation of Ruins (2007) Gionata Rizzi 81

Reading 14 Statement before the [House] Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs (1973) Charles R. McGimsey 90

Reading 15 Resolving a Conflict of Values in American Archaeology (1977) Thomas F. King 93

Reading 16 How Can We Live in a Historic City? What Should We Do with Its Archaeological Heritage? (1985) A. La Regina M. Querrien 103

Reading 17 The Bigger Picture: Archaeology and Values in Long-Term Cultural Resource Management (2005) Kate Clark 105

Reading 18 Making Archaeological Sites: Conservation as Interpretation of an Excavated Past (2006) Frank G. Malero 120

Reading 19 Towards a Theoretical Framework for Archaeological Heritage Management (1993) Laurajane Smith 133

Reading 20 Conserving the Archaeological Soul of Places: Drafting Guidelines for the ICAHM Charter (2009) Brian Egloff Douglas C. Comer 149

Part II Conserving the Archaeological Resource 163

Introduction 163

Perspectives 167

Reading 21 The Vulnerability of the Archaeological Sites: Final Report, P.I.S-A. Project (2002) Angela Maria Ferroni 174

Reading 22 Threats and Challenges to the Archaeological Heritage in the Mediterranean (2000) Gaetano Palumbo 186

Reading 23 Archaeology and the Ethics of Collecting (1996) Arlen F. Chase Diane Z. Chase Harriot W. Topsey 195

Reading 24 Moral Arguments on Subsistence Digging (2006) Julie Hollowell 202

Reading 25 A Conservation Model for American Archaeology (1977) William D. Lipe 229

Reading 26 Aboriginal Sites and ICOMOS Guidelines (1983) Sharon Sullivan 256

Reading 27 The Excavator: Creator or Destroyer? (1993) David Frankel 258

Reading 28 The Archaeological Agenda in Israel: Past Sins and Future Atonement (2000) Amihai Mazar 261

Reading 29 Preservation and the Academically Viable Sample (1993) Bill Startin 270

Reading 30 Excavation, Exhibition, Conservation or Reservation: Technical Criteria for a Decision-Making Process (2005) Antoni Nicolau Marti 271

Reading 31 PPG 16: The Paper that Rocked British Archaeology (2009) Sean Williams 280

Reading 32 A Study into the Mitigation of Construction Impact on Archaeological Remains (2004) Mat Davis 283

Reading 33 Summary of Mitigation Strategies (2004) Mat Davis 293

Reading 34 On Archaeological Value (1996) Martin Carver 295

Reading 35 The South Carolina Heritage Trust Program: Fifteen Years of Archaeological Site Acquisition and Management (2008) Christopher Judge 313

Reading 36 Handling the Unknown: The Expanding Role of Predictive Modeling in Archaeological Heritage Management in the Netherlands (2005) Jos Deeben Bert Groenewoudt 323

Reading 37 Looking Forward, Not Backward: Archaeology and the Future of the Past (2006) Brian Fagan 335

Part III Physical Conservation of Archaeological Sites 345

Introduction 345

Perspectives 347

Reading 38 Short Story: The Demise, Discovery, Destruction and Salvation of a Ruin (2007) John Ashurst Asi Shalom 353

Reading 39 The Conservation of Archaeological Ruins: Outline of a Methodology (2004); Methodology for the Restoration of Archaeological Remains (2006) Teresa Patricio 365

Reading 40 Excavation and Conservation (1984) Nicholas Stanley Price 377

Reading 41 Archaeology and Conservation at Herculaneum: From the Maiuri Campaign to the Herculaneum Conservation Project (2007) Domenico Camardo 384

Reading 42 Temporary Site Protection Tor Earthen Walls and Murals at Çatalhöyük, Turkey (2004) Frank Matero Elizabeth Moss 392

Reading 43 The Removal of Rock Art (2007) Robert G. Bednarik 407

Reading 44 Assessing Causes and Mechanisms of Detrimental Change to Wall Paintings (2003) Sharon Cather 412

Reading 45 Conservation "As Found": The Repair and Display of Wigmore Castle, Herefordshire (2000) Glyn Coppack 425

Reading 46 "Site Unseen": The Case for Reburial of Archaeological Sites (2004) Martha Demas 436

Reading 47 Methodology, Conservation Criteria and Performance Evaluation for Archaeological Site Shelters (2001) Neville Agnew 458

Reading 48 Thirty Years of Anastelosis Works on the Athenian Acropolis, 1975-2005 (2006) Fani Mallouchou-Tufano 471

Reading 49 Archaeological Buildings: Restoration or Misrepresentation (1982) Augusto Molina-Montes 484

Reading 50 Archaeology in the Contemporary World (2006) Koji Mizoguchi 494

Reading 51 Preventive Conservation of Ruins: Reconstruction, Reburial and Enclosure (2007) Catherine Woolfitt 503

Reading 52 The Reconstruction of Ruins: Principles and Practice (2009) Nicholas Stanley Price 514

Reading 53 The Pare Pyrénéen d'Art Prehistorique, France: Beyond Replica and Re-enactment in Interpreting the Ancient Past (1999) Jean Clottes Christopher Chippindale 528

Reading 54 Planned Maintenance in the Conservation and Management of the Archaeological Site: Final Report, P.I.S.A. Project (2002) Angela Maria Ferroni 538

Reading 55 Chedworth Roman Villa: A Methodology for the Monitoring of In Situ Mosaics (2003) John Stewart Sarah Staniforth Janet Berry 543

Part IV The Cultural Values of Archaeological Sites: Conflict and Resolution 551

Introduction 551

Perspectives 553

Reading 56 Managing and Conserving Archaeological Heritage in Sub-Saharan Africa (2011) Webber Ndoro 561

Reading 57 Buddhist stupa and Thai Social Practice (1995) Denis Byrne 572

Reading 58 From Theory to Practice: Objectives, Problems and Indicators in the Proof of Authenticity (1999) Elias Mujica B. 588

Reading 59 Beyond Stone and Mortar: A Hopi Perspective on the Preservation of Ruins (and Culture) (2008) Lyle J. Balenquah 594

Reading 60 The Shape of the Dreaming: The Cultural Significance of Victoria River Rock Art (1988) Darryl Lewis Deborah Bird Rose 607

Reading 61 Arches of Radii, Corridors of Power: Reflections on Current Archaeological Practice (1992) Colin Pardoe 615

Reading 62 Involving the Local Community in the Decision-Making Process: The German APSARA Project at Angkor Wat (2007) Simon Warrack 626

Part V Archaeological Site Management 635

Introduction 635

Perspectives 637

Reading 63 Conservation Policy Delivery (1993) Sharon Sullivan 640

Reading 64 Planning for Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites: A Values-Based Approach (2000) Martha Demas 653

Reading 65 Yalo Conservation and Management Plan (1999) Meredith Wilson 676

Reading 66 Stepping Stones across the Lihir Islands: Developing Cultural Heritage Management in the Context of a Gold-Mining Operation (2011) Nicholas A. Bainton Chris Ballard Kirsty Gillespie Nicholas Hall 688

Reading 67 Conservation and Management Challenges in a Public/Private Partnership for a Large Archaeological Site (Herculaneum, Italy) (2007) Jane Thompson 690

Reading 68 Planning for Conservation of China's Prehistoric Sites: The Liangzhu Site Case Study (2006) Chen Tongbin 709

Reading 69 Social Landscapes and Archaeological Heritage in Latin America (2006) Nelly Robles García 717

Reading 70 Presentation and Interpretation of Archaeological Sites: The Case of Tell Mozan, Ancient Urkesh (2006) Giorgio Buccellati 727

Reading 71 Excavation as Theatre (1989) Christopher Tilley 734

Reading 72 Is It Possible to Reconcile Protecting Archeological Sites with Opening Them to the Public? (2004) Pierre Diaz Pedregal Anya Dickmann 743

Reading 73 Management Planning for Conservation (2001) Johannes Loubser 751

Further Reading 759

About the Editors 767

Index 768

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