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Archaeology: The Science of the Human Past / Edition 3

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This new entry into the introductory archaeology market conveys the excitement of archaeological discovery while it explains how archaeologists think as they scientifically find, analyze, and interpret evidence.This books covers archaeological history, theory, and method comprehensively-at a reasonable level of detail-in language accessible to the reader, it presents a balanced treatment of scientific archaeology and postprocessual concerns about the interpretation of gender, ethnicity, and individuality in the archaeological record.For anyone interested in archeology!
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205572373
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 11/30/2007
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 464
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark Q. Sutton began his career in anthropology in 1968. While still in high school, he took advantage of the opportunity to participate in archaeological excavations conducted by the local Community College. He went on to earn a BA (1972), an MA (1977), and a Ph.D (1987) in anthropology. He has worked as an archaeologist for the US Air Force, the US Bureau of Land Management, various private consulting firms, and taught at a number of community colleges and universities. He taught at California State University, Bakersfield from 1987 to 2007 where he retired as Emeritus Professor of Anthropology. He now works for Statistical Research, Inc. in San Diego. Dr. Sutton works on understanding hunter-gatherer adaptations to arid environments but has also investigated entomophagy, prehistoric diet and technology, and optimal foraging theory. Dr. Sutton has worked at more than 120 sites in North America and has published over 160 books, monographs, and papers on archaeology and anthropology.
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Table of Contents

A “Chapter Summary”concludes each chapter.


1. The Science of Archaeology.
What Is Archaeology?
Branches of Archaeology.
Key Concepts in Archaeology.
Archaeology as Science.
The Importance of Archaeology.

2. Backgrounds of Archaeology.
The Antiquarians.
The Discovery of a Prehistory.
The Classical Civilizations.
The Emergence of Professional Archaeology.
Developing the Outline of World Prehistory.
Political Influences in the History of Archaeology.

3. The Development of Contemporary Archaeology.
Archaeology After World War II.
Processualism and Scientific Archaeology.
Cultural Materialism and Human Ecology.
Postprocessualism and Archaeology as Narrative.
Archaeological Frontiers.
Careers in Archaeology.


4. The Archaeological Record.
Archaeological Sites.
Archaeological Evidence.
Site Formation and Transformation.
Recognizing and Recovering Evidence.
Ongoing Impacts on the Archaeological Record.

5. Conducting Fieldwork.
Finding Sites.
Types and Uses of Remote Sensing.
Excavating Sites.
The Practical Aspects of Fieldwork.
Ethics in Archaeological Fieldwork.

6. Classification and Analysis of Artifacts.
Laboratory Processing.

7. Determining Time.
What Is So Important About Time?
Older or Younger? Relative Dating.
Real Time? Absolute Dating.

8. Bioarchaeology: Human Remains.
Skeletal Remains.
Analytical Approaches.


9. Environment and Adaptation.
The Environment.
Environmental Archaeology.
Human Adaptation to the Environment.
The Agricultural Revolution.

10. Understanding Past Settlement and Subsistence.
Where Did People Live? Past Settlement Systems.
How Did People Make a Living? Subsistence.
Interpretation of Settlement and Subsistence Evidence.

11. Understanding Past Social and Cultural Systems.
Interpreting Political Structure and Social Organization.
Interpreting Social Stratification.
Interpreting Religious Beliefs and Values.
Interpreting Cultural Symbols.
The Archaeology of Ethnicity.
Cognitive Archaeology.

12. Understanding Culture Change.
Archaeology of Change.
Interpreting Evidence of Change.
Migration and Diasporas.
Culture Contact and Cultural Conflict.
A Final Comment on Interpretation.


13. Public Archaeology.
Archaeology and Progress.
Rediscovering and Preserving Cultural Heritages.
Archaeology and Ethics.

14. Archaeology in the Real World.
Archaeology and Politics.
Applying Archaeology to Contemporary Problems.
Archaeology, Mass Media, and Ecotourism.
Archaeology and the Internet.



Name and Subject Index.

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