Archaeology of Aboriginal Culture Change in the Interior Southeast: Depopulation during the Early Historic Period

Archaeology of Aboriginal Culture Change in the Interior Southeast: Depopulation during the Early Historic Period

by Marvin T. Smith
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813008468

ISBN-13: 9780813008462

Pub. Date: 07/01/1992

Publisher: University Press of Florida

"For much of the Southeast, a challenging question has long been what happened to the Indian nations described by members of de Soto’s 1540 expedition?" Smith’s study admirably bridges the history of interior Southeastern Indian nations between the Late Prehistoric and the eighteenth century."--Alice B. Kehoe, American Indian Quarterly

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Overview

"For much of the Southeast, a challenging question has long been what happened to the Indian nations described by members of de Soto’s 1540 expedition?" Smith’s study admirably bridges the history of interior Southeastern Indian nations between the Late Prehistoric and the eighteenth century."--Alice B. Kehoe, American Indian Quarterly

"[Contributes] not only to a better understanding of the process of disintegration of chiefdoms, but to archaeological method necessary when dealing with the contact period. It argues for the introduction of European diseases as a major cause of the collapse of chiefdoms in the interior...Smith is a major figure among those ‘exploring our forgotten century.’"--Stanley South, American Anthropologist

"This superb archaeological study establishes the chronological controls that finally make it possible to discriminate the dynamic events of depopulation and culture change that occurred during the historical interregnum of the late sixteenth and most of the seventeenth centuries in the Southeast."--Jeffrey P. Brain, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

"Smith has cast the first ray of light into the great black hole of southern history--the century from about 1570 to about 1670. It has long been known that during this century the native population declined sharply and that social geography of the region changed drastically. With admirable doggedness and ingenuity, Smith has reconstructed some details on how these momentous changes occurred in one area."-- Charles Hudson, University of Georgia

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813008462
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
Publication date:
07/01/1992
Series:
Florida Museum of Natural History: Ripley P. Bullen Series
Pages:
198

Table of Contents

Tablesix
Figuresx
Acknowledgmentsxi
1.Problems of Culture Change1
Demography and early historic period culture change4
Goals of the study6
The data base and methodology8
2.The Historical Background11
3.Chronology from European Trade Goods23
Dating the artifacts29
Assemblages44
Aboriginal materials52
4.The Demographic Collapse54
Historical background54
Documented effects of disease58
Archaeological parameters60
Discussion84
5.The Fall of Chiefdoms86
Historical background87
Archaeological correlates89
6.The Question of Acculturation113
7.The Aftermath: Toward the Formation of the Creek Confederacy129
8.Final Considerations and Future Research143
Appendixes
1.Additional Site Data149
2.Chronological Parameters of Lamar Ceramics in the Wallace Reservoir161
References Cited165
Index177

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