Archaeology Of Aboriginal Culture Change In The Interior Southeast / Edition 1

Archaeology Of Aboriginal Culture Change In The Interior Southeast / Edition 1

by Marvin T. Smith
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813011582

ISBN-13: 9780813011585

Pub. Date: 07/01/1992

Publisher: University Press of Florida

Members of Hernando de Soto�s 1540 march through the interior of the southeastern United States, as well as other explorers at that time, describer encounters with complex and powerful Indian chiefdoms. Until this detailed work by Marvin T. Smith, first published in 1987, scholars had argued about the role

Overview

Members of Hernando de Soto�s 1540 march through the interior of the southeastern United States, as well as other explorers at that time, describer encounters with complex and powerful Indian chiefdoms. Until this detailed work by Marvin T. Smith, first published in 1987, scholars had argued about the role that Europeans played in the disintegration of that Mississippi culture.

Rejecting the notion that the aboriginal nations acculturated to a European pattern, Smith shows that Old World epidemic diseases caused immediate population loss in interior areas. He develops a chronological framework for the period 1540-1670 based on European trade goods, which allows him to date the aboriginal sites and to examine the tempo of demographic shifts with more precision than archaeologists before him commanded.

The effects of early European contract�documented with data that include artifacts associated with burial practices, public works, and craft specialization�traveled farther than the European explorers themselves, as depopulation led to political breakdown and social collapse.

One product of this collapse, Smith argues, was the Creek Confederacy of the eighteenth century, a mix of refugee populations who banded together in defense alliances against the Europeans and other Indians.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813011585
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
Publication date:
07/01/1992
Series:
Florida Museum of Natural History Series
Edition description:
REPRINT
Pages:
200
Sales rank:
908,118
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.46(d)

Table of Contents

Tablesix
Figuresx
Acknowledgmentsxi
1.Problems of Culture Change1
Demography and early historic period culture change4
Goals of the study6
The data base and methodology8
2.The Historical Background11
3.Chronology from European Trade Goods23
Dating the artifacts29
Assemblages44
Aboriginal materials52
4.The Demographic Collapse54
Historical background54
Documented effects of disease58
Archaeological parameters60
Discussion84
5.The Fall of Chiefdoms86
Historical background87
Archaeological correlates89
6.The Question of Acculturation113
7.The Aftermath: Toward the Formation of the Creek Confederacy129
8.Final Considerations and Future Research143
Appendixes
1.Additional Site Data149
2.Chronological Parameters of Lamar Ceramics in the Wallace Reservoir161
References Cited165
Index177

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >