Archaeology: Discovering Our Past / Edition 2

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Boston, MA 1992 Hardcover 2nd Edition New Book New book, in shrinkwrap. Quantity Available: 1. ISBN: 155934041X. ISBN/EAN: 9781559340410. Inventory No: ABE317203298.

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Boston, MA 1992 Hardcover 2nd Edition New Book New book, in shrinkwrap. Quantity Available: 1. ISBN: 155934041X. ISBN/EAN: 9781559340410. Inventory No: 1560754934.

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Overview

This is the only textbook which is organized to follow the steps of the actual process of archaeological research in order to present the methods and theoretical frameworks of archaeology, from the planning and actual conduct of field research, to the different ways archaeological data is interpreted to produce an understanding of the past. It is also the only such textbook to give the reader a series of firsthand accounts of what its like to do archaeology, written by a variety of practicing archaeologists.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781559340410
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 11/28/1992
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 684
  • Product dimensions: 1.30 (w) x 7.30 (h) x 9.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert J. Sharer is Shoemaker Professor in Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania and Curator of the American Section at the University of Pennsylvania Museum. He has published over 100 scholarly articles, and several monographs reporting the results of his archaeological research, including a three-volume Chalchuapa report (1978), and a one-volume Verapaz report (1987). He is general editor of the Quirigua Reports, with four volumes published (1979, 1983, 1993, and 2007), and general editor of the forthcoming Early Classic Copan Acropolis Reports. He has co-edited five books, including Regional Perspectives on the Olmec (1989) and Understanding Early Classic Copán (2004), and is the author of Quirigua: A Classic Maya Center and Its Sculpture (1990), Everyday Life in Maya Civilization (1996), and three editions of The Ancient Maya, the most recent a completely revised work in collaboration with Loa P. Traxler.

Wendy Ashmore is Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Riverside. Her research centers on settlement patterns, household archaeology, gender, and ancient space and place in southeastern Mesoamerica. Publications include Settlement Archaeology at Quiriguá, Guatemala (University of Pennsylvania Museum, 2007), and edited volumes on Lowland Maya Settlement Patterns (New Mexico, 1981), Household and Community in the Mesoamerican Past (with R. R. Wilk, New Mexico, 1988), Archaeologies of Landscape: Contemporary Approaches (with A. B. Knapp, Blackwell, 1999), and Integrating the Diversity of 21st-Century Anthropology: The Life and Intellectual Legacies of Susan Kent (with M.-A. Dobres, S. M. Nelson, and A. Rosen, American Anthropological Association, 2006), together with numerous articles and book chapters on these and related topics.

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Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1. Viewing the Past
Understanding Ourselves through Our Past
Destruction of Our Heritage
What Is Archaeology?
Archaeology and Pseudoarchaeology
Archaeology and Science
Archaeology and History
Historical and Prehistoric Archaeology
Archaeology, Anthropology, and Culture
Archaeology as a Profession
Archaeologists at Work: Patty Jo Watson: Archaeology and Science

Chapter 2. The Origins of Archaeology
The Growth of the Scientific Disciplines
Antiquarians and the Origins of Archaeology
The Transition to Professional Archaeology
The Emergence of Modern Archaeology

Chapter 3. Contemporary Approaches
Culture History
Cultural Process
Emergent Perspectives
The Interplay of Archaeological Perspectives
Archaeologists at Work: Kent V. Flannery: Coping with Explanation in Archaeology: Advice from the Master

Chapter 4. Constructs: The Nature of Archaeological Data
The Forms of Archaeological Data
The Determinants of Archaeological Data
The Structure of Archaeological Data
Approaches to Archaeological Data Gathering
Archaeologists at Work: Steven A. LeBlane: Of Pots and Pillage

Chapter 5. Archaeological Research
The Scope of Research
Research Projects
Research Design
A Case Study in Research Design: Modern Archaeological Research at Copán, Honduras
Archaeologists at Work: Mary Carroll: Using Information Technology in Archeology

Chapter 6. Archaeological Reconnaissance and Surface Survey
Objectives of Reconnaissance and Surface Survey
Literature, Luck, and Legends
Methods of Reconnaissance and Surface Survey
Approaches to Reconnaissnce and Surface Survey
Reliability of Surface Collection
Site Definition by Reconnaissance and Surface Survey

Chapter 7. Excavation
Stratification and Stratigraphy
Approaches to Excavation
Excavation Methodology
Archaeologists at Work: David W. Sedat: A Day in the Life of a Field Archaeologist

Chapter 8. Field Processing and Classification
Data Processing
Classification

Chapter 9. Temporal Frameworks
Archaeological Age Determination
Geological and Geochemical Age Determination
Faunal and Floral Associations
Radiometric Age Determination
Archaeomagnetic Age Determination
Calendrical Age Determination
Evaluating Age Determination Methods
Experimental Methods

Chapter 10. Analysis of Artifacts
Lithic Artifacts
Ceramic Artifacts
Metal Artifacts
Organic Artifacts
Artifacts and Sampling
Archaeologists at Work: Ronald L. Bishop: Pottery in the High Tech Lab

Chapter 11. Analysis of Ecofacts
Floral Remains
Faunal Remains
Human Remains
Soils and Sediments
Ecofacts and Sampling

Chapter 12. Analysis of Features
Constructed Features
Cummulative Features
Features and Sampling

Chapter 13. Analogy and Archaeological Interpretation
Using Analogy in Interpretation
Misuse of Analogy
Specific Analogy
General Analogy
Sources for Analogy
Archaeologists at Work: Robert J. Blumenschine: Letting Lions Speak for Fossil Bones

Chapter 14. Technology and Environment
Relating Culture and Environment
Reconstructing Technology
Reconstructing Environment
Reconstructing Subsistence
Archaeologists at Work: Payson D. Sheets: Dawn of a New Stone Age in Eye Surgery

Chapter 15. Social Systems
Exchange Systems
Settlement Archaeology
Population Reconstruction
Social Implications from Burials
Evidence of Social Identities
Archaeologists at Work: Lynne Goldstein: Excavating Burials Today

Chapter 16. Ideological and Symbol Systems
Recognizing and Analyzing Symbols
Abstract and Depictive Material Symbols
Writing, Notation, and Measurement Systems
Worldviews
Ideology and Cultural Change
Archaeologists at Work: Margaret W. Conkey: The Archaeological Study of Gender

Chapter 17. Frameworks for the Past
Culture Historical Frameworks
Cultural Processual Frameworks
Emergent Frameworks
Multiple Approaches to Understanding the Past
Causes of Prehistoric Cultural Change

Chapter 18. Challenges to Archaeology
Major Sources of Challenge
Facing the Challenges to Archaeology
The Responsibilities of Archaeology
Archaeologists at Work: Dorthy Lippert: The Mirror, the Bridge, and the Long Road Home: My Work as a Native American Archaeologist
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
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