Architecting Complex-Event Processing Solutions with TIBCO


"Complex-event processing is simple in principle but hard to do well in practice. This guide presents the principles and motivations for those new to the subject. More importantly, it details the entire thought-landscape of a complete implementation, using TIBCO products as the background. Well worth the read for anyone who is thinking of implementing a complex-event solution. Those who have already implemented one should read it as well, both for another perspective and for a view of the capabilities of the ...

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Architecting Complex-Event Processing Solutions with TIBCO®

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"Complex-event processing is simple in principle but hard to do well in practice. This guide presents the principles and motivations for those new to the subject. More importantly, it details the entire thought-landscape of a complete implementation, using TIBCO products as the background. Well worth the read for anyone who is thinking of implementing a complex-event solution. Those who have already implemented one should read it as well, both for another perspective and for a view of the capabilities of the TIBCO products.”

—Lloyd Fischer, Senior Software Architect, WellCare Health Plans

“This complete guide drives you through the specifics of complex-event processing (CEP) design concepts. The book covers all the fundamental aspects and design phases relevant for any TIBCO CEP project implementation, from design through performance-tuning and deployment. I would highly recommend this book to any reader interested in CEP concepts, although a small amount of TIBCO technology knowledge will let you appreciate it more.”

—Antonio Bruno, Infrastructure Account Manager, UBS AG

The architecture series from TIBCO® Press comprises a coordinated set of titles for software architects and developers, showing how to combine TIBCO components to design and build real-world solutions.

Complex-event processing is required when multiple events occurring throughout an organization must be sensed, analyzed, prioritized, and acted on in real time. Architecting Complex-Event Processing Solutions with TIBCO® shows how to design and architect complex-event processing systems, addressing all their complexities and achieving maximum efficiency and effectiveness, while delivering superior business value.

After reading this book, you will be able to

  • Identify opportunities for competitive differentiation through complex-event processing
  • Describe differences between complex-event processing and traditional systems
  • Understand relevant capabilities of the TIBCO BusinessEvents™ product suite
  • Select building-block design patterns for constructing complex-event processing solutions with TIBCO BusinessEvents
  • Address architectural aspects of moving solutions into production
  • Implement proven approaches to designing fault tolerance and high availability

Architecting Complex-Event Processing Solutions with TIBCO® is intended for working architects, designers, and developers who want to apply TIBCO products in complex-event processing applications. It is also required reading for anyone seeking TIBCO Certified Architect status.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321801982
  • Publisher: Addison-Wesley
  • Publication date: 10/5/2013
  • Series: TIBCO Press Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 9.18 (w) x 7.00 (h) x 0.67 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Paul C. Brown is a Principal Software Architect at TIBCO Software Inc. His work centers on enterprise and large-scale solution architectures, the roles of architects, and the organizational and management issues surrounding these roles. His total architecture approach, the concurrent design of both business processes and information systems, can reduce project duration by 25 percent. He has architected tools for designing distributed control systems, process control interfaces, internal combustion engines, and NASA satellite missions. Dr. Brown is the author of Succeeding with SOA: Realizing Business Value Through Total Architecture (2007), Implementing SOA: Total Architecture In Practice (2008), TIBCO® Architecture Fundamentals (2011), Architecting Composite Applications and Services with TIBCO® (2013), and Architecting Complex Event Processing Solutions with TIBCO® (2014), all from Addison-Wesley, and he is a co-author of the SOA Manifesto ( He received his Ph.D. in computer science from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and his BSEE from Union College. He is a member of IEEE and ACM.

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Table of Contents

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xxiii

About the Author xxv

Part I: Getting Started 1

Chapter 1: The Event-Enabled Enterprise 3

Objectives 3

Extreme Value 3

Sense, Analyze, and Respond 5

Innovation in Sensing, Analyzing, and Responding 6

The Event-Enabled Enterprise 9

Summary 10

Chapter 2: Concepts 11

Objectives 11

Overview 11

Events 12

Complex Events 16

Complex-Event Processing (CEP) 17

Event Correlation 20

Context 21

Analysis Requires Context 23

Selecting an Analytical Approach 25

Responding to Events 26

Event-Driven Processes 28

Event-Enabled Enterprise Capabilities 31

Summary 32

Chapter 3: CEP Solution Design Patterns 35

Objectives 35

Variability in CEP Architectures 36

Condition Detection 39

Situation Recognition 41

Track and Trace 42

Business Process Timeliness Monitor 44

Situational Response 45

Decision as a Service 46

Orchestrated Response 48

Pioneering Solutions 50

Summary 51

Part II: Technology 53

Chapter 4: TIBCO BusinessEvents® 55

Objectives 55

TIBCO BusinessEvents® Product Suite 55

TIBCO BusinessEvents® Solution Deployment 62

BusinessEvents Solution Life Cycle 65

Summary 67

Chapter 5: Inference Agents 69

Objectives 69

Inference Agent Overview 70

Events, Concepts, and Scorecards 70

Rules 77

Run-to-Completion (RTC) Behavior 79

Rule Conditions and Rete Network Efficiency 83

Completing the Inference Agent: Preprocessing and Postprocessing 87

Preprocessing Behavior 91

Postprocessing Behavior 93

State Models 98

Summary 100

Chapter 6: Cache Agents 103

Objectives 103

The Need for a Cache 103

The Cache and Cache Agents 104

Object Management Modes 104

Object Locking 109

Cache Object Replication 110

Object Persistence 111

Summary 113

Chapter 7: Query Agents 115

Objectives 115

Snapshot Queries 115

Continuous Queries 121

Summary 126

Chapter 8: Process Agents 127

Objectives 127

Intended Utilization 127

Processes 130

Behavior 130

Deployment 132

Summary 133

Chapter 9: Dashboard Agents 135

Objectives 135

Dashboard Configuration 135

Behavior 136

Metrics 136

Dashboard 137

Deployment 139

Summary 139

Part III: Design Patterns 141

Chapter 10: Solution Basics 143

Objectives 143

Recognizing a Situation Change 143

Reference-Data Comparison Pattern 144

Systems of Record for Reference Data 145

Reference-Data Change Coordination Patterns 147

State Machine Change Recognition Pattern 149

Continuous Query Change Recognition Pattern 151

Handling Duplicate Events 151

Enabling Run-Time Rule Changes 154

Sequential and Conditional Action Performance 157

Logging and Exception Reporting 160

Naming Guidelines 160

Summary 161

Chapter 11: Event Pattern Recognition 163

Objectives 163

The Need for Event Pattern Recognition 163

Event Stream Processing Pattern Language 166

Using a Pattern 166

Liveness Monitoring 168

Summary 169

Chapter 12: Integration 171

Objectives 171

Interacting with TIBCO ActiveMatrix BusinessWorks™ 172

TIBCO BusinessEvents® as a Service Provider 174

TIBCO BusinessEvents® as an Asynchronous Service Consumer 175

TIBCO BusinessEvents® as a Synchronous Service Consumer 178

Interacting with Databases 180

Database Concepts and Memory Management 181

Database Query 181

Database Update and Delete 182

Inference Agent Publication 183

Inference Agent Request-Reply 183

Inference Agent Subscription 184

Summary 185

Chapter 13: Solution Modularization Patterns 187

Objectives 187

Partitioning Situation Recognition from Action 188

Partitioning Filtering and Enhancement from Rule Processing 190

Using TIBCO ActiveMatrix BusinessWorks™ for Filtering and Enrichment 191

Partitioning Advantages and Disadvantages 192

Partitioning Rules of Thumb 192

Summary 193

Chapter 14: Common Design Challenges 195

Objectives 195

Information Sharing 195

Locking 198

Load Distribution 201

Directing Related Work to a Single Agent 202

Managing Sequencing 203

Handling Duplicate Events 206

Summary 207

Part IV: Deployment 209

Chapter 15: Case Study: Nouveau Health Care 211

Objectives 211

Nouveau Health Care Solution Architecture 212

Claim Tracker 217

Claim Status Concept 218

Claim Track Interface 219

Claim Tracker Processes 221

Summary 224

Chapter 16: Performance 225

Objectives 225

TIBCO BusinessEvents® Profiler 225

Design Choices and Agent Performance 226

Demand Analysis 232

Sizing Rules of Thumb 237

Summary 237

Chapter 17: Deployment Planning 239

Objectives 239

Modularization 240

Deployment Patterns 247

Deployment Requirements for Run-Time Configurability 248

Monitoring 249

Summary 250

Chapter 18: Fault Tolerance, High Availability, and Site Disaster Recovery 253

Objectives 253

Solution Fault Tolerance 254

Site Disaster Recovery 256

Summary 257

Chapter 19: Best Practices 259

Objectives 259

Architecture Planning 259

Designing Data Models for Concepts 260

Object Management Modes, Threading, and Locking 261

Designing Rules 261

Testing Best Practices 262

Summary 262

Index 265

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