Architectural Drafting and Design

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This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the field of architectural drafting and design. Uisng step-by-step methods for layout of each type of drawing, the student is shown how to critically think through and solve problems in design. By walking the reader through the process from planning, review of architecture, structure design, building codes, requirements and variables, this book illustrates exactly what is required to execute a set of plans. CADD applications are included as well as projects from basic to advanced levels.
Workbook, ISBN: 0-8273-6750-3
Instructor's Resource Guide, ISBN: 0-8273-8157-3
Solutions Manual, ISBN: 0-8273-7422-4
Computerized Test Bank, ISBN: 0-8273-8158-1
Keywords: Architectural Drafting and Design
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Editorial Reviews

Detailing every step for the design and layout of each type of drawing required for a complete set of architectural plans, this textbook reflects current trends and standards in the industry. Specific attention is given to residential design, site plans, floor plans, roof plans, elevations, framing methods, foundations plans, wall sections, architectural rendering, and commercial drafting. An enclosed CD-ROM contains drawing files of floor plans and a trial version of AutoCAD. The authors are affiliated with Clackamas Community College, Oregon. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
From the Publisher
"I absolutely loved this book. Once I started reading this book, it was hard to put it down. It was much like a well loved novel. The proposed organization of this book was great. It is well written. The information in the charts and illustrations fit each topic. Many of the chapters were short in length which made it easier to offer one a chance to absorb the subject better…. There is enough information in this book that several syllabuses can be made up for several semesters."

"This book provides a very comprehensive outlook into residential architectural design and drafting. It discusses all aspects of architectural design."

"The information contained on all plan areas is great. My students learn very much from this text. It is very self explanatory, easy to read and comprehend. Illustrations shown throughout the text help students understand what is being taught."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780827381575
  • Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 2/1/1997
  • Pages: 960

Meet the Author

A prolific author and respected instructor, Mr. Alan Jefferis, has taught drafting technology at Clackamas Community College, an Authorized AutoCAD Training Center, for more than thirty-one years. Prior to that, Mr. Jefferis taught for four years at Mt. Hood Community College in Gresham, Oregon. He brings a wealth of professional experience to his writing, including eight years of drafting for structural engineers and thirty years of residential designing. Mr. Jefferis currently owns Residential Designs. He is a former Autodesk Developer Network member and a former member of the A.I.B.D. Mr. Jefferis obtained his BS degree from San Diego State University in 1972. He has authored or co-authored numerous textbooks on architectural drafting and design and effectively working with AutoCAD.

David A. Madsen is the president of Madsen Designs, Incorporated ( He is Faculty Emeritus of Drafting Technology and the Autodesk Premier Training Center at Clackamas Community College in Oregon City, Oregon, where he was an instructor and department Chairperson for nearly thirty years. In addition to community college experience Mr. Madsen was a drafting Technology Instructor at Centennial High School in Gresham, Oregon. He is a former member of the American Design and Drafting Association (ADDA) Board of Directors, and he was honored by the ADDA with Director Emeritus status at the annual conference in 2005. He has extensive experience in mechanical drafting, architectural design and drafting, and building construction. Mr. Madsen holds a Master of Education Degree in Vocational Administration and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Industrial Education.

David P. Madsen is president of Engineering Drafting and Design, Inc. and the vice president of Madsen Designs, Incorporated (, He provides drafting and design consultation and training for all disciplines. Mr. Madsen has been a professional design drafter since 1996, and has extensive experience in a variety of drafting, design, and engineering disciplines. He has provided drafting and computer-aided design and drafting instruction to secondary and postsecondary learners since 1999, and has considerable curriculum, and program coordination and development experience. Mr. Madsen holds a Master of Science degree in Educational Policy, Foundations, and Administrative Studies with a specialization in Postsecondary, Adult and Continuing Education; a Bachelor of Science degree in Technology Education, and an Associate of Science degree in General Studies and Drafting.

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Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Professional Architectural Careers, Office Practice, and Opportunities 3
Ch. 2 Architectural Drafting Equipment 31
Ch. 3 Drafting Media and Reproduction Methods 48
Ch. 4 Sketching and Orthographic Reproduction 56
Ch. 5 Architectural Lines and Lettering 71
Ch. 6 Computer-aided Design and Drafting in Architecture 86
Ch. 7 Building Codes and Interior Design 101
Ch. 8 Room Relationships and Sizes 108
Ch. 9 Exterior Design Factors 119
Ch. 10 Site Orientation 132
Ch. 11 Legal Descriptions and Plot Plan Requirements 143
Ch. 12 Plot Plan Layout 156
Ch. 13 Floor-Plan Symbols 169
Ch. 14 Floor-Plan Dimensions 199
Ch. 15 Floor-Plan Layout 211
Ch. 16 Electrical Plans 245
Ch. 17 Plumbing Plans 258
Ch. 18 Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning 272
Ch. 19 Roof-Plan Components 303
Ch. 20 Roof-Plan Layout 315
Ch. 21 Introduction to Elevations 331
Ch. 22 Elevation Layout and Drawing Techniques 348
Ch. 23 Millwork and Cabinet Technology, Cabinet Elevations, and Layout 363
Ch. 24 Framing Methods 385
Ch. 25 Structural Components 396
Ch. 26 Energy-Efficient Design and Construction 416
Ch. 27 Design Criteria for Structural Loading 429
Ch. 28 Sizing Joists and Rafters Using Span Tables 437
Ch. 29 Determining Simple Beams 447
Ch. 30 Drawing Framing Plans 460
Ch. 31 Foundation Systems 483
Ch. 32 Floor Systems and Foundation Support 506
Ch. 33 Foundation-Plan Layout 520
Ch. 34 Sectioning Basics 543
Ch. 35 Section Layout 550
Ch. 36 Alternate Layout Techniques 563
Ch. 37 Stair Construction and Layout 588
Ch. 38 Fireplace Construction and Layout 600
Ch. 39 Presentation Drawings 613
Ch. 40 Perspective Drawing Techniques 627
Ch. 41 Rendering Methods for Perspective Drawings 643
Ch. 42 General Construction Specifications 655
Ch. 43 Construction Supervision Procedures 665
Ch. 44 Commercial Construction Projects 677
Ch. 45 Building Codes and Commercial Design 704
Ch. 46 Common Commercial Construction Materials 711
Ch. 47 Structural Drafting 724
Appendix A Metric in Construction 745
Appendix B Layer Titles 749
Appendix C CABO Tables 750
Appendix D Joist Connectors 753
Appendix E APA Plywood Specifications 755
Appendix F Wood Beam Safe Load Table 760
Abbreviations 767
Glossary 773
Index 783
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