Argumentation and Critical Decision Making / Edition 8

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The first and most thoroughly developed audience-oriented argumentation text has been updated to its 8th edition: Argumentation and Critical Decision Making presents argumentation as a cooperative, communicative process. This text examines the general principles of argument in a rigorous yet readable manner and then applies those principles to different spheres of life – law, science, religion, business, government, and politics – to explore how conventions of argument change when applied to these real-world arenas. Focusing on the dynamics of decision making and using real-life examples to illustrate principles, Argumentation and Critical Decision Making aims to help readers develop practical argumentation skills within the world of their daily lives.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205210596
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 2/23/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 320
  • Sales rank: 132,283
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents


Part One Principles

1 Defining Argumentation

Elements of Argumentation

Elements of Critical Decision Making



2 Appraising Argumentation

Argumentation and Being Reasonable

The Bases of Reason in Argumentation

Starting Points for Argumentation



3 Making Sense of Argumentation

Some Ways of Making Sense

Alternative Dispute Resolution



4 The Nature of Arguments

The Model of an Argument

Reasoning Processes

Definitions as Argument

The Analysis of Arguments



5 Analysis in Argumentation

Critical Analysis to Find a Proposition

Critical Analysis of a Proposition

Analysis of Claims



6 Case Building

Preliminary Steps in Case Building

Developing a Convincing Vision

Communication to Specific Decision Makers



Part Two Tools

7 Support: Evidence

Forms of Evidence

General Principles for the Use of Evidence

Sphere Dependence of Evidence



8 Support: Values

Characteristics of Values

Values Appear in Systems

Values Define Ethics

General Principles for the Use of Values

Sphere Dependence of Values



9 Support: Credibility

Characteristics of Credibility

Forms of Credibility

General Principles for the Use of Credibility

Sphere Dependence of Credibility



10 Refutation

The Process of Refutation

Approaching Refutation

Setting a Framework for Refutation

Selecting a Posture for Refutation

Communicating Refutation



11 Refutation by Fallacy Claims

Views of Fallacy

Social Guides to Fallacy Claims

Using Fallacy Claims in Refutation



Part Three Applications

12 Argumentation in Law

Narratives in Legal Argumentation

Arguments on the Law

Commonplaces in Legal Argumentation



13 Argumentation in Science

What is Science?

Scientific Values

The Tradition of Argumentation in Science

Scientific Use of Argument Types

Scientific Use of Evidence

Scientific Method as Argument


Project s/Exercises

14 Argumentation in Religion

Major Questions in Religious Argumentation

Evidence in Religious Argumentation

Preferred Argument Forms



15 Argumentation in Business

Starting Points for Business Argumentation

Forms of Support in Business Argumentation



16 Argumentation in Government and Politics

The Nature of Political Argumentation

Argumentation in Government and Politics

Argumentation in Legislative Action

Argumentation in Political Campaigns

The Special Role of Debates

Refutation in the Political Campaign




Name Index

Subject Index

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