Argumentation and Debate: Critical Thinking for Reasoned Decision Making / Edition 10

Argumentation and Debate: Critical Thinking for Reasoned Decision Making / Edition 10

by Austin J. Freeley, David L. Steinberg
     
 

ISBN-10: 0534561152

ISBN-13: 9780534561154

Pub. Date: 11/28/1999

Publisher: Cengage Learning

This comprehensive introduction to the principles and practice of argumentation and debate uses a clear, concise, and engaging presentation that makes even complex material easy to understand. ARGUMENTATION AND DEBATE features concepts, argumentation models, practical guides, and real-life scenarios that you use to enhance your skills in academic debates. With an

Overview

This comprehensive introduction to the principles and practice of argumentation and debate uses a clear, concise, and engaging presentation that makes even complex material easy to understand. ARGUMENTATION AND DEBATE features concepts, argumentation models, practical guides, and real-life scenarios that you use to enhance your skills in academic debates. With an emphasis on critical thinking, reasoned decision making, and advocacy skills, this text empowers you to participate actively as citizens in a democratic society.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534561154
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
11/28/1999
Series:
Wadsworth Series in Speech Communication
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
512
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.51(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexv
Chapter 1Critical Thinking1
Debate4
Individual Decisions7
Group Discussion8
Persuasion9
Propaganda10
Coercion11
Combination of Methods12
Exercises12
Chapter 2Applied and Academic Debate15
Applied Debate15
Academic Debate18
Ethical Standards for Debate30
Exercises33
Chapter 3Stating the Controversy35
Defining the Controversy36
Phrasing the Debate Proposition37
Presumption and Burden of Proof39
Types of Debate Propositions45
Exercises48
Chapter 4Analyzing the Controversy50
The Importance of Defining Terms50
Methods of Defining Terms52
Issues60
Exercises70
Chapter 5Exploring the Controversy72
Brainstorming for Ideas72
Locating Sources of Material75
Reading with a Purpose81
Reading Critically82
Recording Materials82
Organizing Materials86
Exercises88
Chapter 6Evidence90
Sources of Evidence92
Types of Evidence97
The Probative Force of Evidence105
Exercises107
Chapter 7Tests of Evidence108
Uses of Tests of Evidence108
Tests of Credible Evidence110
Tests of Audience Acceptability126
Exercises130
Chapter 8The Structure of Reasoning132
The Classical Structures132
The Elements of Any Argument142
Extending the Elements of an Argument146
Exercises147
Chapter 9Types of Reasoning148
The Degree of Cogency148
Tests of Reasoning and Their Uses151
General Tests of Reasoning152
Types of Reasoning and Tests for Each Type153
Exercises166
Chapter 10Obstacles to Clear Thinking167
Fallacies of Evidence169
Fallacies of Reasoning169
Fallacies of Language171
Fallacies of Pseudoarguments173
Exercises179
Chapter 11Requirements of the Case181
Requirements of a Prima Facie Case182
Requirements of a Value Case183
Requirements of a Policy Case185
Requirements Common to Both Value and Policy Propositions190
Exercises194
Chapter 12Building the Affirmative Case196
Objectives of the Affirmative Case197
Proposition of Value Affirmative Cases198
Proposition of Policy Affirmative Cases200
Building for Optimum Capability217
Exercises218
Chapter 13Building the Negative Case220
Objectives of the Negative Case220
Proposition of Value Negative Cases222
Proposition of Policy Negative Cases224
Exercises249
Chapter 14Refutation250
Shifting the Burden of Rebuttal250
Purpose and Place of Refutation251
Preparing for Refutation252
Arranging Material for Refutation254
Selecting Evidence and Reasoning254
The Structure of Refutation260
Methods of Refutation262
Exercises263
Chapter 15Presenting the Case: Composition264
Analysis of the Audience264
Written and Oral Styles269
A Philosophy of Style270
Factors of Style in Speech Composition270
Rhetorical Factors in Speech Composition274
Editing280
Exercises280
Chapter 16Presenting the Case: Delivery282
Methods of Delivery282
Steps to Good Delivery286
Nonverbal Communication288
Special Considerations: Tournament Debate Delivery292
Exercises293
Chapter 17Evaluating the Debate295
Functions of the Judge295
Judging Philosophies300
Functions of the Ballot306
Special Ballots for Special Purposes308
Exercises309
Chapter 18Modern Procedures: Academic Debate Formats310
Formats of Debate310
The Audience323
Adapting the Debate to Communications Media324
Exercises327
Chapter 19Applied Parliamentary Debate329
Sources of Parliamentary Debate Rules330
The Order of Business331
Presentation of Motions332
Precedence of Motions333
Purposes of Motions333
Unanimous Consent338
Exercises338
Appendix APresidential Debate341
The 1996 Clinton-Dole Debate343
Exercises368
Appendix BNational Championship Debate370
Exercises411
Appendix CNational Intercollegiate Debate Propositions (NDT)422
Appendix DNational Intercollegiate Debate Propositions (CEDA)428
Appendix EDebate Bibliography431
Appendix FGlossary of Terms in Argumentation and Debate456
Index465

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