The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planningby Frank Fischer
Public policy is made of language. Whether in written or oral form, argument is central to all parts of the policy process. As simple as this insight appears, its implications for policy analysis and planning are profound. Drawing from recent work on language and argumentation and referring to such theorists as Wittgenstein, Habermas, Toulmin, and Foucault, these… See more details below
Public policy is made of language. Whether in written or oral form, argument is central to all parts of the policy process. As simple as this insight appears, its implications for policy analysis and planning are profound. Drawing from recent work on language and argumentation and referring to such theorists as Wittgenstein, Habermas, Toulmin, and Foucault, these essays explore the interplay of language, action, and power in both the practice and the theory of policy-making.
The contributors, scholars of international renown who range across the theoretical spectrum, emphasize the political nature of the policy planner's work and stress the role of persuasive arguments in practical decision making. Recognizing the rhetorical, communicative character of policy and planning deliberations, they show that policy arguments are necessarily selective, both shaping and being shaped by relations of power. These essays reveal the practices of policy analysts and planners in powerful new ways--as matters of practical argumentation in complex, highly political environments. They also make an important contribution to contemporary debates over postempiricism in the social and policy sciences.
Contributors. John S. Dryzek, William N. Dunn, Frank Fischer, John Forester, Maarten Hajer, Patsy Healey, Robert Hoppe, Bruce Jennings, Thomas J. Kaplan, Duncan MacRae, Jr., Martin Rein, Donald Schon, J. A. Throgmorton
Table of ContentsEditors' Introduction
I. The Argumentative Turn: Policy Institutions and Practices
Policy Discourse and the Politics of Washington Think Tanks / Frank Fischer
Discourse Coalitions and the Institutionalization of Practice: The Case of Acid Rain in Great Britain / Maarten A. Hajer
Political Judgment and the Policy Cycle: The Case of Ethnicity Policy Arguments in the Netherlands / Robert Hoppe
Counsel and Consensus: Norms of Argument in Health Policy / Bruce Jennings
II. Analytical Concepts: Frames, Tropes, and Narratives
Survey Research as Rhetorical Trope: Electric Power Planning Arguments in Chicago / J. A. Throgmorton
Reframing Policy Discourse / Martin Rein and Donald Schon
Reading Policy Narratives: Beginnings, Middles, and Ends / Thomas J. Kaplan
Learning from Practice Stories: The Priority of Practical Judgment / John Forester
III. Theoretical Perspectives
Policy Analysis and Planning: From Science to Argument / John S. Dryzek
Planning Through Debate: The Communicative Turn in Planning Theory / Patsy Healey
Policy Reforms as Arguments / William N. Dunn
Guidelines for Policy Discourse: Consensual versus Adversarial / Duncan MacRae, Jr.
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