Armed: New Perspectives on Gun Control / Edition 1

Armed: New Perspectives on Gun Control / Edition 1

by Gary Kleck, Don B. Kates
     
 

ISBN-10: 1573928836

ISBN-13: 9781573928830

Pub. Date: 11/28/2001

Publisher: Prometheus Books

The gun control debate is often obscured by strong emotions and unproven assumptions. According to conventional wisdom accidents with handguns account for a significant number of deaths among children, gun owners endanger themselves more than they ward off potential criminal assailants, and there is a widespread legal consensus that the Second Amendment does not

Overview

The gun control debate is often obscured by strong emotions and unproven assumptions. According to conventional wisdom accidents with handguns account for a significant number of deaths among children, gun owners endanger themselves more than they ward off potential criminal assailants, and there is a widespread legal consensus that the Second Amendment does not support the individual right to bear arms. All of these assumptions, and many others, say researchers Gary Kleck and Don Kates, are contradicted by the weight of criminological and legal evidence. Hoping to disentangle myth from reality, the authors summarize the results and policy implications of recent state-of-the-art research on guns and violence in accessible, nontechnical language.

Among the topics addressed are media bias in coverage of gun issues, the distorting effects that a covert prohibitionist agenda has on the debate over more moderate measures for reducing gun violence, the frequency and effectiveness of the defensive use of guns, and a close analysis of the Second Amendment.

This well-argued and scrupulously researched volume is essential for any full understanding of the complex gun issue.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781573928830
Publisher:
Prometheus Books
Publication date:
11/28/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
363
Product dimensions:
5.57(w) x 8.37(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction by Don B. Kates13
Gun Accidents versus Self-Defense15
The Character of Gun Owners18
The Myth That Ordinary People Murder20
The Threat of Long Gun Substitution22
The Second Amendment Constitutional Right to Arms24
Notes25
2 Guns and Public Health: Epidemic of Violence, or Pandemic
of Propaganda? by Don B. Kates31
The Public Health Agenda32
The Verdict of Criminological Scholarship35
Fear and Loathing as Social Science38
A Nosology of Health Sage Error40
The Valor of Ignorance42
Issues, Data and References "Missing in Action"43
Unnatural Selection46
"Sagecraft" and Scholarship48
International Disinformation51
Gun Availability, Social Harms and Fraudulent
Nondisclosure63
Shibboleth Diverts Attention from Actual Causes68
A Critique of Overt Mendacity69
The Myth That Murderers Are Ordinary GunOwners72
"Gun Ownership as a Risk Factor for Homicide in the
Home"73
Conclusion83
Notes85
3. "Poisoning the Well" for Gun Control by Don B
Kates107
A Tripartite Debate109
Poisoning the Well for Gun Control110
The "Gun Control Paradox"111
Gun Control Plebiscites114
On the Morality of Personal Self-Defense116
Conclusion121
Notes122
4 Absolutist Politics in a Moderate Package: Prohibitionist
Intentions of the Gun Control Movement by Gary Kleck129
The Issue: Moderate Overt Agendas vs Covert
Prohibitionist Goals129
Why Do Prohibitionist Intentions Matter?140
Evidence of Prohibitionist Intent of the Leaders of the
Gun Control Movement143
Past Political Efforts of Advocacy Groups144
Recent Precedents of Gun Prohibition in Other Nations146
"Nondenial Denials" of Prohibitionist Intentions147
Support for Gun Bans Among Moderate Control Supporters in
the General Population149
Public Statements Made by Leaders and Prominent
Supporters of the Gun Control Lobby150
The Premises and Logic of Arguments for Moderate Controls154
The Advocacy of Licensing and Registration in Addition to
Background Checks160
Conclusions163
Notes166
5. Modes of News Media Distortion of Gun Issues by Gary Kleck173
Sins of Omission—Exclusion Bias175
A Speculation About How Exclusion Bias Works181
Unbalanced Skepticism Applied to Pro and Con Information182
Amount of "Play"—Extent and Prominence of
Coverage184
Editorial Stances and Other Newspaper Policies186
Other Forms of Bias187
A Case Study—A CBS Television Documentary187
Newsweek and the Invention of a Machine Guns Crisis197
The Bernhard Goetz Case199
Is It Bias or Just Random Sloppiness?202
Discussion and Conclusions203
Notes208
6 The Frequency of Defensive Gun Use: Evidence and
Disinformation by Gary Kleck213
Early Surveys with Defensive Gun Use Questions214
The National Self-Defense Survey215
NSDS Results221
Later Surveys226
Explaining the Deviant NCVS Results229
Early-Intervention DGUs235
DGU in Crimes with No Harm to the Victim237
Telescoping as a Source of Overestimation in the DGU
Surveys239
The Scholarly Response to Large DGU Estimates241
Fallacious Reductio ad Absurdum Reasoning244
The Meaning of Internal Inconsistencies in DGU Reports250
Direct Evidence on the Relative Balance of False
Positives and False Negatives253
Circular Reasoning in Numerical Exercises on the
Sensitivity of DGU Estimates to False Positives254
One-sided Consideration of Errors in DGU Estimation257
The Rare-DGU Theory: The Creation Science of Criminology260
Discouraging the Development of Better DGU Estimates262
The Relative Frequency of Defensive and Offensive Uses of
Guns264
Conclusions267
Policy Implications of Large DGU Estimates271
Appendix: Adjusting Earlier Estimates of DGU272
Notes275
7 The Nature and Effectiveness of Owning, Carrying, and
Using Guns for Self-Protection by Gary Kleck285
Issues of Armed Resistance to Criminals285
The Effectiveness and Risks of Victim Resistance with Guns288
Multivariate Analysis of Robbery and Armed Resistance293
Multivariate Analysis of Rape and Armed Resistance294
The Police Chief's Fallacy295
The Myth of Criminals Taking Guns from Gun-wielding
Victims296
Self-Defense Killings and Woundings of Criminals298
Keeping Loaded Guns in the Home300
Carrying Guns for Protection305
Psychological Effects of Keeping Guns for Protection308
The Nonsense Ratio310
The Nature of Defensive Gun Use313
Who Is Involved in Defensive Gun Use?316
Deterrence of Crime Due to Fear of Gun-Armed Victims318
Guns and the Displacement of Burglars from Occupied Homes328
Conclusions330
Implications for Crime Control Policy332
Notes334
8 The Second Amendment: A Right to Personal Self-Protection
by Don B. Kates343
Self-Protection as Benefit to the Whole Community346
Political Functions of the Right to Arms348
The Armed Freeholder Ideal of Virtuous Citizenship349
The Efficacy of Arms and Self-Defense351
Conclusion352
Notes354
Subject Index357
Name Index361

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