Armenian and Iranian Studies

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Armenian and Iranian Studies brings together select articles published in disparate journals and volumes over the past two decades. Some deal exclusively with either Armeniaca (ancient, medieval, and modern) or Iranica (pre-Islamic); in the case of the former, there is an emphasis on the sources and religious material of heroic epic and of folklore. A number of studies also deal with the visionaries of the Armenian tradition--Mashtots', Narekats'i, Ch'arents'. In the Iranian area, there are publications on Irano-Judaica and the culture of the Parsi Zoroastrians of India.

The majority of the articles here have to do with Armeno-Iranica. In some cases they serve to supplement the findings of the author's Zoroastrianism in Armenia (Harvard Iranian Series 5, 1987). Several articles deal with witchcraft and magic and relate to ancient Armenian pre- and non-Christian religion. With the same interest, the author examines some legendry belonging to the categories of belief condemned by the Armenian Church as heresy; translation and commentary on medieval lyric poetry enliven these glimpses into the life of the past.

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Meet the Author

James R. Russell is Mashtots Professor of Armenian Studies at Harvard University.
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Table of Contents

1 The word k'ustik in Armenian 1
2 The tale of the Bronze City in Armenian 9
3 The platonic myth of Er, Armenian Ara, and Iranian Arday Wiraz 21
4 A poem of Grigor Narekac'i 31
5 Armeno-Iranica 37
6 The persistence of memory 49
7 The truth, but not the whole truth, so help me God 54
8 The name of Zoroaster in Armenian 57
9 Zoroastrianism as the state religion of ancient Iran 65
10 Bad day at Burzen Mihr : notes on an Armenian legend of St. Bartholomew 135
11 A Pahlavi fragment from Holy Echmiadzin, Armenia 149
12 Some Iranian images of kingship in the Armenian Artaxiad epic 157
13 Asa in Armenia 175
14 Here comes the sun : a poem of Kostandin Erznkats'i 183
15 A mystic's Christmas in Armenia 193
16 A wandering herder of camels 207
17 Our father Abraham and the Magi 219
18 Mahmi reconsidered 240
19 An Irano-Judaic correspondence 244
20 On St. Grigor Narekatsi, his sources and his contemporaries 249
21 A shipwreck awesome and marvellous : chapter 25 of the Lamentations of Narekatsi 257
22 The rite of Muskil Asan Behram Yazad amongst the Parsis of Navsari, India 265
23 Two Armenian toponyms 281
24 A credo for the children of the sun 289
25 The dream vision of Anania Sirakac'i 293
26 The craft and Mithraism reconsidered 305
27 The book of the six thousand : an Armenian magical text 319
28 Parsi Zoroastrian Garbas and Monajats 343
29 Carmina Vahagni 357
30 Pre-Christian Armenian religion 371
31 The sage in ancient Iranian literature 389
32 Sages and scribes at the courts of ancient Iran 401
33 Kartir and Mani : a shamanistic model of their conflict 407
34 Zoroastrian elements in the book of Esther 421
35 The word chragamah and the rites of the Armenian Goddess 429
36 Two notes on biblical tradition and native epic in the 'Book of Lamentation' of St. Grigor Narekac'i 445
37 The Do'a-ye Nam Stayisn 457
38 Virtue and its own reward : the 38th meditation of the book of lamentations of St. Grigor Narekatsi 463
39 The etymology of Armenian vardavar 469
40 'Sleep' and 'dreaming' in Armenian 477
41 An Armeno-Persian love poem of Grigoris Aght'amarts'i 501
42 The mother of all heresies : a late mediaeval Armenian text on the Yuskaparik 509
43 On mysticism and esotericism among the Zoroastrians 531
44 On the Armeno-Iranian roots of Mithraism 553
45 On the origins and invention of the Armenian script 565
46 The Ascensio Isaiae and Iran 583
47 On Armeno-Iranian interaction in the medieval period 593
48 On the name of Mashtots' 597
49 Grace from Van : a micro-historiola 609
50 Problematic snake children of Armenia 621
51 On Mithraism and Freemasonry 641
52 Raiders of the Holy Cross : the ballad of the Karos Xac (cross of celery) and the nexus between ecclesiastical literature and folk tradition in mediaeval Armenia 661
53 The last of the Paulicians 677
54 A Parthian Bhagavad Gita and its echoes 693
55 Sound as symbol : the case in Pagan and Christian Armenian poetics 713
56 Armenian srawsak 727
57 The Armenian counterculture that never was : reflections on Eghishe Ch'arents' 737
58 Polyphemos Armenios 757
59 Armenian spirituality : liturgical mysticism and chapter 33 of the Book of lamentation of St. Grigor Narekac'i 771
60 Scythians and Avesta in an Armenian vernacular paternoster and a Zok paternoster 785
61 The history of the youth Farman (Patmut'iwan Farman Mankann), a mediaeval Armenian romance 809
62 The four elements and the cross in Armenian spirituality, with an excursus on the descent in Merkavah mysticism 851
63 Revelations of darkness : medieval Armenian apocalyptic in the epic of Sasun and the visions of Yovhannes Kozern 875
64 Arm. awrhas 889
65 A Manichaean apostolic mission to Armenia? 893
66 Ezekiel and Iran 899
67 Truth is : what the eye can see : Armenian manuscripts and Armenian spirituality 909
68 The Armenian shrines of the black youth (t'ux manuk) 925
69 An epic for the borderlands : Zariadris of Sophene, Aslan the Rebel, Digenes Akrites, and the Mythologem of Alcestis in Armenia 951
70 A scholium on Coleridge and an Armenian demon 989
71 The credal poem Hawatov Xostovanim ("I confess in faith") of St. Nerses the Graceful 999
72 The lost epic of Tigran : a reconstruction based upon the fragments 1031
73 Iran and Israel in the Armenian epic of Sasun 1051
74 The Sah-name in Armenian oral epic 1063
75 Ch'arents' the prophet 1073
76 Bedros Tourian's cruciform prayer and its antecedents 1101
77 The Saraf-name and Armenia : some mythological themes 1121
78 God is good : on Tobit and Iran 1129
79 The scepter of Tiridates 1135
80 A bas-relief on the Cathedral of the Holy Apostles at Kars, Armenia 1165
81 The Armenians, the Holy Cross, and Dionysius Bar Salibi 1193
82 The Magi in the Derveni Papyrus 1205
83 The praise of porridge 1217
84 The epic of the pearl 1261
85 Some Iranica in Eznik 1333
86 Epic in the Armeno-Iranian Marchlands 1347
87 From an archive of unpublished poems of Yeghishe Ch'arents' 1365
88 Room at the inn : Armenian P'ut'kavank' and Sraosa 1433
89 Zoroastrianism and the northern Qi panels 1445
90 Loycn macuac : on cosmological mysteries in Armenian tradition 1451
91 Khach'atur Kech'aretsi' : a guide to Christianity 1455
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