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Armenian Food: Fact, Fiction & Folklore

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Food is a portal to Armenia's past and present-day culture. This culinary journey across the land called Hayastan presents the rich history, wondrous legends, and fact-filled stories of Armenian cuisine. Authors Irina Petrosian and David Underwood take readers on a memorable tour of Armenia by way of the kitchen. What ancient Armenian fable warned against genetically-altered food? What little-known Armenian fruit may have helped Noah on the ark? What was the diet of David of Sassoun, the legendary Armenian ...
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Armenian Food: Fact, Fiction & Folklore

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Food is a portal to Armenia's past and present-day culture. This culinary journey across the land called Hayastan presents the rich history, wondrous legends, and fact-filled stories of Armenian cuisine. Authors Irina Petrosian and David Underwood take readers on a memorable tour of Armenia by way of the kitchen. What ancient Armenian fable warned against genetically-altered food? What little-known Armenian fruit may have helped Noah on the ark? What was the diet of David of Sassoun, the legendary Armenian Hercules? What was the influence of the Soviet Union on the food ways of Armenia? What strange and exotic fruits and herbs are sold in Armenia's markets? Why do Armenians go to cemeteries to "feed" the dead? What role did coffee play in Armenian marriage rituals? If you are curious about one of the world's most ancient cultures, or are contemplating a trip to Armenia, don't miss the chance to read this book.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781411698659
  • Publisher:
  • Publication date: 5/23/2006
  • Pages: 252
  • Sales rank: 988,886
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.57 (d)

Read an Excerpt

TzhvzhikWhen meat is frying in a skillet, the English-trained ear hears the sound "siz-siz-siz", thus the word "sizzling" in the English vocabulary. Armenians hear "tzh-vzh-tzh". So they named their dish of liver fried in hot oil tzhvzhik.The main ingredients of tzhvzhik are liver and onions. After cutting the meat into small pieces and sprinkling with salt, cooks brown it in the skillet. Placing the liver onto a serving platter is the next stage. Then sliced onion is added to the same skillet and sautéed until lightly brown. Liver covered with the sautéed onions is then ready for enjoyment. Fried liver is a non-pretentious dish. Its popu­larity spans across the Near East and the Balkans. In Tur­key, the dish is called arnavit jigeri, "Albanian liver", and is considered as a contribution of the Albanians to the Otto­man cuisine. But Armenian fried liver is especially note­worthy because there's a great yarn behind it.That story is called Tzhvzhik. Its main theme is that food obtained through charity comes with an emotional price tag. It creates a conflict between the desire for self-respect and the hunger for food. The author, Atrpet, published many volumes of literature, but Armenians only remem­ber his small, five-page story about tzhvzhik. The story gained prominence after the 20-minute-long movie version of Tzhvzhik was released in 1961. This film is considered a classic of Soviet Armenian cinematography. Some memo­rable lines of dialogue from the movie became widely used idioms. The movie offers a glimpse of life in the Armenian town of Erzerum in the Ottoman Empire, at the end of the 19th century. In a close-knit community, food was one of the main topics of discussion. Everybody knew through the grapevine what was on each other's table for dinner. The status of town inhabitants was measured by the number of visits to the butcher shop, which was pretty much the center of the Armenian universe. A surviving trace of the impor­tance of the butcher in the lives of Ottoman Armenians is the Armenian family name Kasabian (Kasab means butcher in Turkish). In the movie, a poor man, Nerses Aga, happens to meet the affluent Nikogos Aga at the butcher shop. In a generous gesture, the latter buys a big piece of liver for the impover­ished fellow. But Nerses never gets to savor the tasty gift. He watches with anguish, his mouth watering, as his hungry family wolfs down all the tzhvzhik in scant minutes. He doesn't get to taste a single piece.From that moment on, when­ever he runs into Nikogos Aga, he gets reminded again and again about the gift he accepted. Then it seems everyone he encounters has to talk about tzhvzhik. He must listen to un­solicited comments about its delicious flavor, its proper preparation, and how to economize such a tasty treat. "Use only half of the meat for the first-day tzhvzhik. Drain away all the fat after frying it, and use that for making next-day tzhvzhik." Nerses Aga starts to lose it badly. Wherever he goes, he begins to hear people seeming to whisper behind his back, "Tzhvzhik...tzhvzhik". Finally, his nerves can't take anymore, and he snaps. The climax of the story is both dra­matic and quite funny. In a near frenzy, the angry and tormented Nerses Aga grabs a huge, whole piece of liver from that same butcher shop. He finds Nikogos Aga, and slaps the fresh meat straight into his benefactor's face, right out in public. "Here's your tzhvzhik! Here's your tzhvzhik!" he howls in frustration at a very shocked, stunned, and liver-stained Nikogos Aga."Charity exacerbated the resentment felt by the recipi­ent", modern psychoanalysts would say. The expression "don't make a story about tzhvzhik" became part of Armenian colloquial language. It's used when there is too much curiosity or a bit too much talk about a particular dish and how tasty it is.It's impossible to discuss tzhvzhik and not mention the special place that liver takes in the Armenian emotional makeup. The Turkish word for liver, jigiar, is rarely used by modern Armenians as the name of the bodily organ. Rather, it is used to refer to the center of strong human emotions. It is considered a term of endearment. In Arme­nian, to have a strong love is to love with the liver. To be a cold, aloof, selfish, in the same terms, is to be "without liver" (anjigiar). A refrain from a popular song by the well-known Armenian singer Tata is "Jigaryov ser, uzum em ji­gyarov sirel." "Love with the liver, I want to love with the liver." Don't forget that Armenians are just affirming that the English word "liver" comes from the word "live".Want an interesting definition of Armenia? It is a coun­try where people not only enjoy fried liver, but also love with their liver, feel pain in their liver, talk with their liver, and "eat with their liver", which means to dine with gusto.You can feel this at the moment you step into Zvartnots Airport in Yerevan. Armenians there are passionately kissing and hugging each other in the arrival and departure areas. That's the emotional "liver" at its very best. Tzhvzhik cook­ing at the barbecue parlors right outside the airport, now that's the real liver.
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Table of Contents

Cuisine Shaped by History
Old Yerevan
A Taste of the Soviet Times
Dining in Soviet Yerevan in the 1920s
The Soviet Armenia Cookbook
Armenia's Natural Produce
Once Upon a Time ...
Lore and Symbolism
May You Never Have a Longing for Bread
Lore and Symbolism
Grain Dishes
The Kukuruz Craze
Symbol of Plenty
A Village Woman's Life
Kchooch, Bozbash, and Borscht
Clay's Comeback
Potato and Cabbage
Tomato and Cucumber
Eggplant and Peppers
At the Bazaar
Watermelon As Medicine
The Fruit Vase
Other Fruits
Aghaman - The Salt Jar
Did Churchill Like Armenian Brandy?
Tortes and Cakes
Dried Fruits
Old Style Table Etiquette
Menu of the Armenian Urban Elite
Taking Tea in Old Armenia
The Matagh Ritual
How to Prepare Sheep for Matagh
The Lenten Table
A Perspective on Sheep and Mouflons
Feeding and Honoring The Dead
Feasting Soviet-style
Winter Fun with Ancient Foods
Sunflower Seeds
King Tigran's Table
Medieval Feasts of Armenian Nobles
Armenia's Strong Man Diet
Feasts for Westerners
Words: Why and How
Glossary of Culinary Terms

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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 11, 2013


    Was this construed as some sort of anti-armenian cookbook? It definitely reads like one. The authors of this book somehow managed to distort and marginalize the 4,000 year old history of armenians. There's truth in that Armenians have definitely taken from and contributed to the cuisines of the surroundng nations, but to take away the idea of there ACTUALLY being armenian foods is just ridiculous. Reducing the national cuisine of Armenians to some pitiful lentil soup? Because they were stateless? The absence of a state does not mean absence of a unique culture. This is supposed to be a cookbook, not an ignorant and insensitive revision of history. Armenians weren't starving to death because of some weird event that took place as a consequence of WWI, it was those silly Turkish shenanigans. Y'know. The genocide. Systematic murder and displacement. No biggie.
    This book is just insulting.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 19, 2013

    This book is a good review of how Armenians have influenced the

    This book is a good review of how Armenians have influenced the food culture over the years. It reads more like a history book rather than a cookbook and has some interesting facts like the introduction of coffee to Europe by an Armenian. I agree with the previous commentators remarks about the significance of Armenians transcends statehood, but feel the book deserves more than a one star rating. Overall, it is interesting book and backed up with a significant bibliography of research.

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