Armenian Golgotha

Armenian Golgotha

4.1 9
by Peter Balakian, Grigoris Balakian
     
 

On April 24, 1915, Grigoris Balakian was arrested along with some 250 other leaders of Constantinople’s Armenian community. It was the beginning of the Ottoman Empire’s systematic attempt to eliminate the Armenian people from Turkey—a campaign that continued through World War I and the fall of the empire. Over the next four years, Balakian would

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Overview

On April 24, 1915, Grigoris Balakian was arrested along with some 250 other leaders of Constantinople’s Armenian community. It was the beginning of the Ottoman Empire’s systematic attempt to eliminate the Armenian people from Turkey—a campaign that continued through World War I and the fall of the empire. Over the next four years, Balakian would bear witness to a seemingly endless caravan of blood, surviving to recount his miraculous escape and expose the atrocities that led to over a million deaths.
 
Armenian Golgotha is Balakian’s devastating eyewitness account—a haunting reminder of the first modern genocide and a controversial historical document that is destined to become a classic of survivor literature.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781400096770
Publisher:
Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
Publication date:
03/09/2010
Pages:
576
Sales rank:
346,559
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

Meet the Author

Born in 1876, Grigoris Balakian was one of the leading Armenian intellectuals of his generation. In Ottoman Turkey he attended Armenian schools and seminary; and in Germany he studied, at different times, engineering and theology. He was one of the 250 cultural leaders (intellectuals, clergy, teachers, and political and community leaders) arrested by the Turkish government on the night of April 24, 1915, and deported to the interior. Unlike the vast majority of his conationals, he survived nearly four years in the killing fields. Ordained as a celibate priest (vartabed) in 1901, he later became a bishop and prelate of the Armenian Apostolic Church in southern France. He is the author of various books and monographs (some of them lost) on Armenian culture and history, including The Ruins of Ani (1910) and Armenian Golgotha, volume 1 (1922) and volume 2 (1959). He died in Marseilles in 1934.

Peter Balakian is the author of The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America’ s Response, winner of the 2005 Raphael Lemkin Prize, a New York Times best seller, and a New York Times Notable Book; and of Black Dog of Fate, winner of the PEN/Martha Albrand Award for the Art of Memoir, also a New York Times Notable Book. Grigoris Balakian was his great-uncle.

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Table of Contents

Map: Armenia, 500 B.C.-Present x

Introduction xiii

Map: The 1915 Armenian Genocide in the Turkish Empire xxx

Chronology xxxiii

Translator's Note xliii

Volume I The Life of an Exile July 1914-April 1916

Part I July-October 1914

1 In Berlin Before the War 5

2 In Berlin 10

3 Return to Constantinople from Berlin 22

Part II The First Deportation, April 1915-February 1916

4 The General Condition of the Armenians at the Beginning of 1915 31

5 The First Bad News from Cilicia: The Secret Messenger 49

Map: Deportation and Escape Routes 54

6 The Night of Gethsemane 56

7 Red Sunday 58

8 Toward a Place of Exile: The Names of the Exiles in Ayash 61

9 Life in Chankiri Armory: The Names of the Deportees in Chankiri 68

10 Life of the Deportees in the City 74

11 Plan for the Extinction of the Armenians in Turkey 77

12 The Armenian Carnage in Ankara 82

13 The Tragic End of Deportee Friends in Ayash 90

14 The Tragic End of the Chankiri Deportees 95

15 The Deportation and Killing of Zohrab and Vartkes 103

16 The Armenians of Chankiri in the Days of Horror 106

17 The General Condition of the Armenians at the Beginning of 1916 117

18 Second Arrest and Imprisonment 122

19 Departure from Chankiri to Choroum 125

20 From Choroum to Yozgat 131

21 From Yozgat to Boghazliyan: The Skulls 134

Part III The Second Deportation: The Caravan of Death to Der Zor, February-April 1916

22 The Confessions of a Slayer Captain 139

23 Encountering Another Caravan of the Condemned 150

24 From Boghazliyan to Kayseri: The Halys River Bridge and the Bandits of the Ittihad 162

25 Kayseri to Tomarza 170

26 Tomarza to Gazbel 179

27 Gazbel to Hajin 184

28 Hajin to Sis 195

29 Sis to Garzbazar 204

30 Garzbazar to Osmaniye 216

31 Osmaniye to Hasanbeyli and Kanle-gechid 220

32 Hasanbeyli to Islahiye: The Sweet Smell of Bread 230

33 Islahiye: A Field of Mounds for Graves 240

34 Bad News from Der Zor 247

35 Escape from Islahiye to Ayran 252

Volume II The Life of a Fugitive April 1916-January 1919

Part 1 In the Tunnels of Amanos

1 Escape on the Way to Ayran-Baghche (Vineyard) 263

2 The Remnants of the Armenians in the Amanos Mountains 268

3 Signs of Imminent New Storms 272

4 The Treatment of the Armenians by the German Soldiers 279

5 The Ghosts of Ten Thousand Armenian Women in the Deserts of Ras-ul-Ain 282

6 The Deportation and Murder of the Armenian Workers of Amanos 283

7 Bloodshed on the Way from Baghche to Marash: A German Nurse Goes Insane 291

8 The Suffering of British Prisoners of War at Kut-al-Amara 294

9 The Program of Forced Islamization: Escape from Baghche to Injirli 298

10 In the Forests of Injirli: Escape from Amanos to Taurus 302

Part II In the Tunnels of the Taurus Mountains

Map: Constantinople-to-Baghdad Railway 308

11 The Self-Sacrifice of the Armenian Workers of the Baghdad Railway 311

12 Fragments of Armenians in the Taurus Mountains 316

13 In the Deep Valley of Tashdurmaz 319

14 Life in Belemedik 322

15 The Deportation of Patriarch Zaven Der Yeghiayan from Constantinople to Baghdad 326

16 Legions of Armenian Exiles in Konya and Bozanti 331

17 Meeting Armenian Intellectuals on the Road to Belemedik 335

18 Escape from Belemedik to Adana 339

Part III In Adana, January 1917-September 1918

19 The General Condition of the War at the Beginning of 1917 347

20 A Mysterious Patient in Adana's German Hospital 348

21 The Condition of the Remaining Armenians in Adana 352

22 The Curse of Murdered Armenian Mothers 356

23 The Natural Beauty of Cilicia: The Disguised Vine Grower 357

24 The Clerk of the Office: Disappearance 368

25 The General Condition of the Armenians at the Beginning of 1918 370

26 The Turkish Army Invades the Caucasus, and the Victory of the Armenians at Sardarabad 374

27 The Declaration of the Armenian Republic 378

28 The Hospital-Slaughterhouse of Turkish Soldiers 380

29 The Victorious British Army Occupies Damascus: The Battle of Arara 389

30 The National Vow of the Turks to Exterminate the Surviving Armenians: The General Massacre in Der Zor 392

31 Escape from the Land of Blood 398

32 The Disguised German Soldier Toward Constantinople: The Longing of a Mother 404

33 Armistice: The Allied Fleet Victoriously Enters the Turkish Capital 411

34 Did the Victors Come to Punish, or to Loot? 416

35 The General Condition of Constantinople on the Eve of the Armistice 421

36 Irrevocable Departure from Turkey: From Constantinople to Paris 430

Acknowledgments 435

Glossary 437

Biographical Glossary 441

Appendix: Author's Preface 453

Map: Treaty of Sèvres 458

Notes 461

Bibliography 469

Index 483

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