The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War

The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War

by David G. Herrmann
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691015953

ISBN-13: 9780691015958

Pub. Date: 03/03/1997

Publisher: Princeton University Press

David Herrmann's work is the most complete study to date of how land-based military power influenced international affairs during the series of diplomatic crises that led up to the First World War. Instead of emphasizing the naval arms race, which has been extensively studied before, Herrmann draws on documentary research in military and state archives in Germany,

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Overview

David Herrmann's work is the most complete study to date of how land-based military power influenced international affairs during the series of diplomatic crises that led up to the First World War. Instead of emphasizing the naval arms race, which has been extensively studied before, Herrmann draws on documentary research in military and state archives in Germany, France, Austria, England, and Italy to show the previously unexplored effects of changes in the strength of the European armies during this period. Herrmann's work provides not only a contribution to debates about the causes of the war but also an account of how the European armies adopted the new weaponry of the twentieth century in the decade before 1914, including quick-firing artillery, machine guns, motor transport, and aircraft.

In a narrative account that runs from the beginning of a series of international crises in 1904 until the outbreak of the war, Herrmann points to changes in the balance of military power to explain why the war began in 1914, instead of at some other time. Russia was incapable of waging a European war in the aftermath of its defeat at the hands of Japan in 1904-5, but in 1912, when Russia appeared to be regaining its capacity to fight, an unprecedented land-armaments race began. Consequently, when the July crisis of 1914 developed, the atmosphere of military competition made war a far more likely outcome than it would have been a decade earlier.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691015958
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
03/03/1997
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
322
Sales rank:
714,037
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.28(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

List of Maps
Preface
List of Abbreviations
Introduction3
Ch. 1The European Armies in 19047
Ch. 2The European Armies and the First Moroccan Crisis, 1905-190637
Ch. 3Military Effectiveness and Modern Technology, 1906-190859
Ch. 4The Bosnia-Herzegovina Annexation Crisis and the Recovery of Russian Power, 1908-1911113
Ch. 5The Second Moroccan Crisis and the Beginning of German Panic, 1911-1912147
Ch. 6The Balkan Wars and the Spiral of Armaments, 1912-1913173
Ch. 7The European Armies and the Outbreak of the First World War199
Conclusion225
Appendix A: Peacetime Strength of the European Armies, 1904-1913233
Appendix B: Army Expenditures of the European Powers, 1904-1914236
Notes239
Bibliography289
Index301

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