Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry: An Easy Approach to Understanding Reaction Mechanisms / Edition 1

Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry: An Easy Approach to Understanding Reaction Mechanisms / Edition 1

by Daniel E. Levy
     
 

A formula for success in organic chemistry

Look at any typical organic chemistry book and you'll probably be intimidated by its sheer size, the encyclopedic presentation of reactions, and the huge amount of material to memorize. As this book explains, there is a better and easier way to approach the subject—the arrow pushing strategy that reduces organic

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Overview

A formula for success in organic chemistry

Look at any typical organic chemistry book and you'll probably be intimidated by its sheer size, the encyclopedic presentation of reactions, and the huge amount of material to memorize. As this book explains, there is a better and easier way to approach the subject—the arrow pushing strategy that reduces organic chemistry to the study of interactions between organic acids and bases and builds from there. This approach helps you develop deductive or predictive insight into the progression of starting materials to products and by what mechanisms the transformations occurred. A valuable companion to any introductory organic chemistry textbook, Arrow Pushing in Organic Chemistry:

  • Defines the concept of arrow pushing in context with various reaction types, functional groups, mechanism types, reagents/nucleophiles, and leaving groups
  • Explains the concepts of organic acids and organic bases, and then uses them to explain fundamental reaction mechanisms, beginning with SN2 reactions and progressing to SN1 reactions and other reaction types
  • Emphasizes electron flow from atom to atom
  • Includes a summary and problem sets with each chapter to help you solidify learning

Using this approach, you should be able to derive predicted products from almost any hypothetical organic reaction. Instead of relying on rote memorization, you develop an in-depth understanding of, and an almost intuitive insight into, reactions.

This excellent companion text makes organic chemistry more approachable and exciting for students. It's also ideal for professionals who want to refresh their knowledge or for scientists from other disciplines, such as inorganic and physical chemists, biochemists, biologists, and pharmaceutical scientists who are new to the field.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470171103
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
08/18/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
320
Sales rank:
1,202,005
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Preface.

Acknowledgments.

About the Author.

Chapter 1 Introduction.

1.1 Definition of Arrow Pushing.

1.2 Functional Groups.

1.3 Nucleophiles and Leaving Groups.

1.4 Summary.

Problems.

Chapter 2 Acids.

2.1 What are Acids?

2.2 What is Resonance?

2.3 How is Acidity Measured?

2.4 Relative Acidities.

2.5 Inductive Effects.

2.6 Inductive Effects and Relative Acidities.

2.7 Relative Acidities of Hydrocarbons.

2.8 Summary.

Problems.

Chapter 3 - Bases and Nucleophiles.

3.1 What are bases?

3.2 What are nucleophiles?

3.3 Leaving Groups.

3.4 Summary.

Problems.

Chapter 4 - SN2 Substitution Reactions.

4.1 What is an SN2 Reaction?

4.2 What are Leaving Groups?

4.3 Where can SN2 Reactions Occur?

4.4 SN2' Reactions.

4.5 Summary.

Problems.

Chapter 5  SN1 Substitution Reactions.

5.1 What is an SN1 Reaction?

5.2 How are SN1 Reactions Initiated?

5.3 The Carbocation.

5.4 Carbocation Rearrangements.

5.5 Summary.

Problems.

Chapter 6. Elimination Reactions.

6.1 E1 Eliminations.

6.2 E2 Eliminations.

6.3 How do Elimination Reactions Work?

6.4 Summary.

Problems.

Chapter 7 - Addition Reactions.

7.1 Addition of Halogens to Double Bonds.

7.2 Markovnikov's Rule.

7.3 Additions to Carbonyls.

7.4 Summary.

Problems.

Chapter 8-Moving Forward

8.1 Functional Group Manipulations.

8.2 Name Reactions.

8.3 Reagents.

8.4 Final Comments.

Problems.

Appendix 1-pKa Values of Protons Associated with Common Functional Groups.

Appendix 2-Answers and Explanations to Problems.

Chapter 1 Solutions.

Chapter 2 Solutions.

Chapter 3 Solutions.

Chapter 4 Solutions.

Chapter 5 Solutions.

Chapter 6 Solutions.

Chapter 7 Solutions.

Chapter 8 Solutions.

Appendix 3-Student Reaction Glossary.

Index.

Periodic Table of the Elements.

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