Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry: An Easy Approach to Understanding Reaction Mechanisms / Edition 1by Daniel E. Levy
Pub. Date: 08/18/2008
During the past fifty years, organic chemistry has grown into a very mature and well-disciplined science. As such, introductory organic chemistry courses have been obliged to present the subject in a highly concentrated format covering literally hundreds of name reactions. Consequently, the route taken by many authors of organic chemistry textbooks has been to… See more details below
During the past fifty years, organic chemistry has grown into a very mature and well-disciplined science. As such, introductory organic chemistry courses have been obliged to present the subject in a highly concentrated format covering literally hundreds of name reactions. Consequently, the route taken by many authors of organic chemistry textbooks has been to present the subject by listing multitudes of similar name reactions as a device to illustrate the fundamental mechanisms and reaction types relevant to organic chemistry. Psychologically, this induces the student to believe that memorization of this multitude of chemical reactions is the key to success in organic chemistry. This book does not rely on specific name reactions as a device for teaching this subject. Instead, specific generic examples have been chosen in order to illustrate to the student how to recognize when a specific reaction type is relevant. In this respect, this book has been designed to aid the student in approaching the seemingly difficult subject of organic chemistry in a simple and straightforward manner. In addition to the text, problem sets have been designed for each chapter in order to emphasize the important aspects of each chapter, to reinforce the students current knowledge of chemistry, and to introduce the student to other aspects of organic chemistry discussed in the latter chapters in this book as well as aspects not discussed here but in the student's current organic chemistry class. As a whole, this book intended to be used as a study aid/supplement and not as a replacement for any beginning level organic chemistry textbook. In this context, many students may find organic chemistry much more approachable and exciting.
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- New Edition
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- 7.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.80(d)
Table of Contents
About the Author.
Chapter 1 Introduction.
1.1 Definition of Arrow Pushing.
1.2 Functional Groups.
1.3 Nucleophiles and Leaving Groups.
Chapter 2 Acids.
2.1 What are Acids?
2.2 What is Resonance?
2.3 How is Acidity Measured?
2.4 Relative Acidities.
2.5 Inductive Effects.
2.6 Inductive Effects and Relative Acidities.
2.7 Relative Acidities of Hydrocarbons.
Chapter 3 - Bases and Nucleophiles.
3.1 What are bases?
3.2 What are nucleophiles?
3.3 Leaving Groups.
Chapter 4 - SN2 Substitution Reactions.
4.1 What is an SN2 Reaction?
4.2 What are Leaving Groups?
4.3 Where can SN2 Reactions Occur?
4.4 SN2' Reactions.
Chapter 5 SN1 Substitution Reactions.
5.1 What is an SN1 Reaction?
5.2 How are SN1 Reactions Initiated?
5.3 The Carbocation.
5.4 Carbocation Rearrangements.
Chapter 6. Elimination Reactions.
6.1 E1 Eliminations.
6.2 E2 Eliminations.
6.3 How do Elimination Reactions Work?
Chapter 7 - Addition Reactions.
7.1 Addition of Halogens to Double Bonds.
7.2 Markovnikov's Rule.
7.3 Additions to Carbonyls.
Chapter 8-Moving Forward
8.1 Functional Group Manipulations.
8.2 Name Reactions.
8.4 Final Comments.
Appendix 1-pKa Values of Protons Associated with Common Functional Groups.
Appendix 2-Answers and Explanations to Problems.
Chapter 1 Solutions.
Chapter 2 Solutions.
Chapter 3 Solutions.
Chapter 4 Solutions.
Chapter 5 Solutions.
Chapter 6 Solutions.
Chapter 7 Solutions.
Chapter 8 Solutions.
Appendix 3-Student Reaction Glossary.
Periodic Table of the Elements.
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