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Art and Architecture

Overview

Tall buildings dominate the landscape of most major cities, and crowds stare in awe of masterpieces in museums around the world. But how is science involved? Art and Architecture explores some of the scientific principles in sculpture, painting, photography, and the design and construction of buildings. Learn how light creates the colors you see in a painting and how holograms are produced. Discover the history of architecture from the ancient stone pyramids of Egypt to modern structures made from glass and ...

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Overview

Tall buildings dominate the landscape of most major cities, and crowds stare in awe of masterpieces in museums around the world. But how is science involved? Art and Architecture explores some of the scientific principles in sculpture, painting, photography, and the design and construction of buildings. Learn how light creates the colors you see in a painting and how holograms are produced. Discover the history of architecture from the ancient stone pyramids of Egypt to modern structures made from glass and steel. Hands-on activities help bring the science of art and architecture to life with topics ranging from how the forces of tension and compression affect the design of a bridge to how perspective in a drawing can make a picture look more lifelike.

Experimenting With Everyday Science investigates the science at work in our daily lives. Each book in the set provides historical background and "how things work" explanations that cover earth science, biology, chemistry, and/or physics topics. To build on these ideas and make scientific concepts clearer, each book also features at least 25 hands-on, illustrated experiments that readers can do using simple materials found at home or school.

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Editorial Reviews

School Library Journal
Gr 4–7—This fun and informative book features 25 simple experiments using common household items and foods such as blueberries, colored cellophane, food coloring, Magic Markers, miniature marshmallows, and wooden toothpicks to demonstrate principles and inspire creative thought about the intersection of science with the visual and mechanical arts. The six chapters include activities that illuminate certain scientific aspects of each respective subject. For example, "Science and the Origin of Art" includes experiments on wood, rocks, sediment, metal, pigments, and paper, while "Light and Color" studies shadows, bending light, light and pigments, mixing pigments, and separating pigments. Each activity is logically ordered under headings such as "Time Required," "Materials," "Safety," "Procedure," "Analysis" (typically three questions), "Our Findings" (which briefly answer the "Analysis" questions), etc., and include one or more helpful illustrations. Interspersed are one- to two-page spreads about related topics—for example, text about the formation of clay segues into the experiment about sediments. Accessible for independent reading by children with a scientific bent or curiosity about how the world works, these experiments would also be useful for scout projects or science clubs. It would be mind-stretching for parents to conduct these experiments with their children, perhaps one each weekend, discussing the results and looking for examples in their environment.—Joel Shoemaker, formerly at South East Junior High School, Iowa City, IA
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781604131680
  • Publisher: Chelsea House Publishers
  • Publication date: 2/1/2010
  • Series: Experimenting with Everyday Science Series
  • Pages: 176
  • Sales rank: 598,568
  • Age range: 11 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 11.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 7

Safety Precautions: Review Before Starting Any Experiment 8

1 Science and the Origin of Art 11

Experiment 1 Testing the Properties of Wood 14

Experiment 2 Testing the Properties of Rocks 18

Experiment 3 Testing the Properties of Sediment 24

Experiment 4 Testing Stress on Metal 31

Experiment 5 Creating Primitive Pigments 36

Experiment 6 Making Paper 41

2 Light and Color 46

Experiment 7 Making Shadows 47

Experiment 8 Separating and Blending Colors of Light 53

Experiment 9 How Light Affects Pigments 58

Experiment 10 Mixing Pigments 63

Experiment 11 Separating Pigments 69

3 Capturing Images 73

Experiment 12 Diffuse vs. Regular Reflection 74

Experiment 13 Exploring Symmetry 80

Experiment 14 Maintaining Proportions at a Distance 85

Experiment 15 How Image Depth Affects Perspective 90

Experiment 16 Refracting and Focusing Light 98

Experiment 17 How a Camera Obscura Works 103

4 The Art of Architecture 107

Experiment 18 Building a Stable Brick Wall 109

Experiment 19 Building Pyramids 114

Experiment 20 How Column Shape Affects Weight Support 121

Experiment 21 How Tension and Compression Affect a Beam 126

5 Spanning the Globe 131

Experiment 22 How an Arch Supports a Load 133

Experiment 23 Triangular Supports 139

Experiment 24 How Bridge Shape Affects Supported Load 144

Experiment 25 Spreading the Weight in a Building's Foundation 150

6 What the Future Holds 155

Glossary 164

Bibliography 166

Further Resources 167

Picture Credits 169

Index 170

About the Author 174

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