Art and Revolution in Latin America, 1910-1990 / Edition 1

Art and Revolution in Latin America, 1910-1990 / Edition 1

by David Craven
     
 

ISBN-10: 0300082118

ISBN-13: 9780300082111

Pub. Date: 08/28/2002

Publisher: Yale University Press

In this uniquely wide-ranging book, David Craven investigates the extraordinary impact of three Latin American revolutions on the visual arts and on cultural policy. The three great upheavals -- in Mexico (1910-40), in Cuba (1959-89), and in Nicaragua (1979-90) -- were defining moments in twentieth-century life in the Americas. Craven discusses the structural logic of…  See more details below

Overview

In this uniquely wide-ranging book, David Craven investigates the extraordinary impact of three Latin American revolutions on the visual arts and on cultural policy. The three great upheavals -- in Mexico (1910-40), in Cuba (1959-89), and in Nicaragua (1979-90) -- were defining moments in twentieth-century life in the Americas. Craven discusses the structural logic of each movement's artistic project -- by whom, how, and for whom artworks were produced -- and assesses their legacies. In each case, he demonstrates how the consequences of the revolution reverberated in the arts and cultures far beyond national borders.

The book not only examines specific artworks originating from each revolution's attempt to deal with the challenge of "socializing the arts," but also the engagement of the working classes in Mexico, Cuba, and Nicaragua with a tradition of the fine arts made newly accessible through social transformation. Craven considers how each revolution dealt with the pressing problem of creating a "dialogical art" -- one that reconfigures the existing artistic resource rather than one that just reproduces a populist art to keep things as they were. In addition, the author charts the impact on the revolutionary processes of theories of art and education, articulated by such thinkers as John Dewey and Paulo Freire. The book provides a fascinating new view of the Latin American revolutionaries -- from artists to political leaders -- who defined art as a fundamental force for the transformation of society and who bequeathed new ways of thinking about the relations among art, ideology, and class, within a revolutionary process.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300082111
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
08/28/2002
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
9.00(w) x 11.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations
Introduction: Revolving Definitions of the Word "Revolution"1
1The Mexican Revolution (1910-1940)25
The Institutionalization of the Revolution in the 1920s34
The Ministry of Education Murals (1923-1928) and the New Mass Politics37
Orozco's Murals in the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (1926-1927)46
Chapingo (1926) and the Palacio Nacional (1929-1935)51
The Taller de Grafica Popular and Estampas de la Revolucion63
Critique: the "Socialization of Art" - A Future Challenge71
2The Cuban Revolution (1959-1989)75
Cultural Policy, Public Institutions, and Dialogical Art81
Cultural Democracy and Popular Engagement with Art85
Autogestion and the Socialization of Art90
Popular Culture versus Populism92
From Cuban Pop Art through Volumen Uno (1959-1989)94
Critique: Successes and Shortcomings on the Thirtieth Anniversary114
3The Nicaraguan Revolution (1979-1990)117
Protorevolutionary Developments prior to 1979123
Cultural Policy in Nicaragua during the 1980s135
Particular Artworks Exemplary of the 1980s143
New Forms of Patronage and Attendant Debates in the 1980s169
Contradictions in the 1980s within the Revolution171
App. ADiego Rivera, 1929: "New Plan of Study, Escuela Nacional de Artes Plasticas of Mexico"176
App. BGerardo Mosquera, 1985: "The Social Function of Art in Cuba since the Revolution of 1959"180
App. CErnesto Cardenal, 1980: "The Nicaraguan Revolution of 1979: A Culture that is Revolutionary, Popular, National, and Anti-Imperialist"183
App. DInterview with Ernesto Cardenal, 1983185
App. EInterview with Gioconda Belli of the FSLN, 1990188
App. FInterview with Nicaraguan Artists in the UNAP, 1990190
Notes191
Bibliographic Note215
Photograph Credits217
Index218

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