Introduction: Art in Context.
Materials and Methods.
1. Traditions and Innovations: The Thirteenth Century.
VENICE, FLORENCE, and SIENA: Communal Myths and Institutions. ROME: Artists, Popes, and Cardinals Renewing the Church, 1277-c. 1310. ASSISI: Papal Influence Outside Rome.
2. Varieties of Style and Patronage: The Early Fourteenth Century.
PADUA and FLORENCE: Private Patronage. FLORENCE and SIENA: Promoting Church and State. NAPLES and MILAN: Images of Dynasty, Power and Magnificence.
3. Art and Society: The Later Fourteenth Century.
VENICE: Images of the State and the Individual. PISA and FLORENCE: Morality, Judgement, and Crisis. MILAN and PAVIA: The Visconti. PADUA: The Carrara Court.
4. Fashioning Images of Rulership and Authority: The Early Fifteenth Century.
THE COURTS: Gothic and Classical Inspirations. FLORENCE: Expressions of the Restored Republic. SIENA: Renewing the Image of the Commune.
5. Elaborating Local and Classical Traditions: The Mid-Fifteenth Century.
FLORENCE: Civic and Personal Commissions under the Medici. ROME: Reestablishing Papal Power. VENICE and the VENETO: Affirmations of Past and Present.
6. Splendor and Magnificence: The Later Fifteenth Century.
THE COURTS: Art Reflecting the Ruler. FLORENCE: The Golden Age under Lorenzo the Magnificent. ROMA CAPUT MUNDI. MILAN: The Sforza and a Grand Classical Style.
7. Rivaling Ancient Rome.
FLORENCE: The Renewed Republic. ROME: The Imperial Style under Julius II and the Dissolution of Papal Power under the Medici Popes. FLORENCE II: Return of the Medici. VENICE: Vision and Monumentality. FERRARA, MANTUA, PARMA, and Genoa: Exquisite Delights.
8. Renewing the City: The Mid-Sixteenth Century.
VENICE and the VENETO: The City Triumphant. FLORENCE under COSIMO I (1537-74) and His Successors. ROMA RESTAURATA: Paul III (r. 1534-49) and Michelangelo.
9. Innovation and Reform: The Later Sixteenth Century.
The DEMANDS of the COUNCIL of TRENT. SIXTUS V and the REPLANNING of ROME.
Map of Italy.
List of Popes.
List of Venetian Doges.