Art in the Lives of Ordinary Romans: Visual Representation and Non-Elite Viewers in Italy, 100 B.C.-A.D. 315 / Edition 1

Art in the Lives of Ordinary Romans: Visual Representation and Non-Elite Viewers in Italy, 100 B.C.-A.D. 315 / Edition 1

by John R. Clarke
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0520219767

ISBN-13: 9780520219762

Pub. Date: 11/17/2003

Publisher: University of California Press

This splendidly illustrated book brings to life the ancient Romans whom modern scholarship has largely ignored: slaves, ex-slaves, foreigners, and the freeborn working poor. Though they had no access to the upper echelons of society, ordinary Romans enlivened their world with all manner of artworks. Discussing a wide range of art in the late republic and early

Overview

This splendidly illustrated book brings to life the ancient Romans whom modern scholarship has largely ignored: slaves, ex-slaves, foreigners, and the freeborn working poor. Though they had no access to the upper echelons of society, ordinary Romans enlivened their world with all manner of artworks. Discussing a wide range of art in the late republic and early empire—from familiar monuments to the obscure Caupona of Salvius and little-studied tomb reliefs—John R. Clarke provides a tantalizing glimpse into the lives of ordinary Roman people. Writing for a wide audience, he illuminates the dynamics of a discerning and sophisticated population, overturning much accepted wisdom about them, and opening our eyes to their astounding cultural diversity.

Clarke begins by asking: How did emperors use monumental displays to communicate their policies to ordinary people? His innovative readings demonstrate how the Ara Pacis, the columns of Trajan and of Marcus Aurelius, and the Arch of Constantine announced each dynasty's program for handling the lower classes. Clarke then considers art commissioned by the non-elites themselves—the paintings, mosaics, and reliefs that decorated their homes, shops, taverns, and tombstones.
In a series of paintings from taverns and houses, for instance, he uncovers wickedly funny combinations of text and image used by ordinary Romans to poke fun at elite pretensions in art, philosophy, and poetry.


In addition to providing perceptive readings of many works of Roman art, this original and entertaining book demonstrates why historians must recognize, rather than erase, complexity and contradiction and asks new questions about class, culture, and social regulation that are highly relevant in today's global culture.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520219762
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
11/17/2003
Pages:
418
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.13(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsix
Introduction1
Part 1Imperial Representation of Non-Elites15
1.Augustus's and Trajan's Messages to Commoners19
2.The All-Seeing Emperor and Ordinary Viewers: Marcus Aurelius and Constantine42
Part 2Non-Elites in the Public Sphere69
3.Everyman, Everywoman, and the Goods73
4.Everyman and Everywoman at Work95
5.Spectacle: Entertainment, Social Control, Self-Advertising, and Transgression130
6.Laughter and Subversion in the Tavern: Image, Text, and Context160
7.Commemoration of Life in the Domain of the Dead: Non-Elite Tombs and Sarcophagi181
Part 3Non-Elites in the Domestic Sphere221
8.Minding Your Manners: Banquets, Behavior, and Class223
9.Putting Your Best Face Forward: Self-Representation at Home246
Conclusions269
Notes277
Bibliography331
Illustration Credits353
Index363

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