The Art of the Infinite: The Pleasures of Mathematics

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Overview

Robert Kaplan's The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero was an international best-seller, translated into eight languages. The Times called it "elegant, discursive, and littered with quotes and allusions from Aquinas via Gershwin to Woolf" and The Philadelphia Inquirer praised it as "absolutely scintillating." In this delightful new book, Robert Kaplan, writing together with his wife Ellen Kaplan, once again takes us on a witty, literate, and accessible tour of the world of mathematics. Where The Nothing That Is looked at math through the lens of zero, The Art of the Infinite takes infinity, in its countless guises, as a touchstone for understanding mathematical thinking. Tracing a path from Pythagoras, whose great Theorem led inexorably to a discovery that his followers tried in vain to keep secret (the existence of irrational numbers); through Descartes and Leibniz; to the brilliant, haunted Georg Cantor, who proved that infinity can come in different sizes, the Kaplans show how the attempt to grasp the ungraspable embodies the essence of mathematics. The Kaplans guide us through the "Republic of Numbers," where we meet both its upstanding citizens and more shadowy dwellers; and we travel across the plane of geometry into the unlikely realm where parallel lines meet. Along the way, deft character studies of great mathematicians (and equally colorful lesser ones) illustrate the opposed yet intertwined modes of mathematical thinking: the intutionist notion that we discover mathematical truth as it exists, and the formalist belief that math is true because we invent consistent rules for it. "Less than All," wrote William Blake, "cannot satisfy Man." The Art of the Infiniteshows us some of the ways that Man has grappled with All, and reveals mathematics as one of the most exhilarating expressions of the human imagination.
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Editorial Reviews

From Barnes & Noble
Robert Kaplan can make even nullity interesting. His The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero confounded the numerically challenged and became an international bestseller. In The Art of the Infinite, he and his wife, Ellen, extend that success to the nth degree, providing a elegant, often playful excursion into the mathematics of infinity. They explain that in the Republic of Numbers, the attempt to grasp the ungraspable is an essential activity.
The Los Angeles Times
In The Art of the Infinite, Robert and Ellen Kaplan take us on a grand tour, leading us from the terra firma of the simple counting numbers (one, two, three, four and so on) through the discovery of the rationals, the irrationals, the negatives and the complex numbers that combine the ordinary, or real, numbers and the imaginaries to generate a two dimensional number-space known as the complex plane. It is here that the famous Mandelbrot set lives, that enigmatic emblem of chaos theory. — Margaret Wertheim
Publishers Weekly
While Kaplan (The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero) and his wife intend this volume to delight the numerophobic into seeing the beauty in math, the "art" they describe is hidden in a thicket of dry proofs. And yet they've written a lovely and erudite history of the subject in spite of that, one that will absorb anyone who already fancies numbers and all their possibilities. Hand-drawn diagrams accompany dense explanatory prose in this exploration of infinity, as the authors chart mathematical discoveries and great thinkers throughout history. Frequent references to luminaries from the humanities (Shakespeare, Baudelaire, Gaudi, Robert Graves) would earn this book comfortable shelving in a liberal arts library if the math weren't so devilishly hard to grasp. (A typical passage compares the way great changes happen in mathematics with the way important figures enter the action in Proust.) The authors acknowledge that even math basics can be tricky: that the product of two negatives is a positive, for instance, is a puzzle that the Kaplans say "put too many people off math forever, convinced that its dicta were arbitrary or spiteful." The authors write that "[m]athematics is permanent revolution," and indeed, some may find their heads spinning. Nevertheless, a patient reader who loves thinking about thinking will be rewarded by the book's end; by the final pages, he or she will have personally experienced, via these diagrams and problems, many of the great discoveries in mathematics. Graphs and illustrations throughout. (Apr.) Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
Library Journal
The Kaplans are founders of the Math Circle, a school that teaches the enjoyment of mathematics, and Robert is the author of The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero. In this new book, the authors cover some of the elements of such areas as plane geometry, algebra, and trigonometry. The contents are chosen and arranged so as to lead into a concluding discussion of Georg Cantor's remarkable discoveries/inventions concerning the nature of infinity. All of this is related in a cheerful conversational tone with frequent allusions to, and quotations from, many other fields of knowledge, including literature, history, and philosophy. At times, a meander through a different discipline distracts from the main argument, but overall the Kaplans' approach makes for very enjoyable reading. This volume should appeal to a broad spectrum of readers interested in learning more about the beauty of mathematics. Recommended for all public and academic libraries.-Jack W. Weigel, Ann Arbor, MI Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
School Library Journal
Adult/High School-This exploration of mathematics and its history involves plot and characters as well as numbers; the stories of the thinkers who were challenged by its mysteries and discovered its principles range from tragic to laugh-out-loud funny. Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.
From the Publisher

"Robert and Ellen Kaplan clearly relish the chance to expound the beauty of their subject, in prose that performs some glorious turns. They mix weighty but approachable maths with imagery and allusion, beginning with number and heading persuasively into the unknown. As the awesome presence of those infinite infinities finally takes hold, the mind reels and hairs stand on end. This is mathematics for the soul--just the way it should be."--New Scientist

"Anyone interested in a serious introduction to mathematics will delight in this volume. The Kaplans' background in languages and linguistics inclines them to a depth of literary allusion that few writers in any technical field can match. Robert Kaplan's prior book, 'The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero,' remains, for my money, the best popular mathematics book ever written."--Margaret Wertheim, Los Angeles Times Book Review

"Guides the reader through some extremely difficult mathematical ideas in ways that are both imaginative and diverting. Mathematics is often said to be the science of the infinite; the Kaplans want us to appreciate mathematics as the art of the infinite, an art which involves invention, narrative and an inexhaustible pursuit of variations on themes."--London Review of Books

"Very enjoyable reading.... Related in a cheerful conversational tone with frequent allusions to, and quotations from, many other fields of knowledge, including literature, history, and philosophy.... This volume should appeal to a broad spectrum of readers interested in learning more about the beauty of mathematics."--Library Journal

"This is a mathematics with a plot and characters, as well as diagrams and formulas. These accounts vary from tragic to laugh-out-loud funny. Those who love math won't want to miss this one, and those who would like to love it but never have should give the book a try."--School Library Journal

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195176063
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 10/1/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 336
  • Sales rank: 438,989
  • Product dimensions: 8.90 (w) x 5.50 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert and Ellen Kaplan have taught subjects ranging from Sanskrit through mathematics to philosophy and history, and founded The Math Circle in 1994. Robert Kaplan is the author of the bestselling The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero. Ellen Kaplan is coauthor, with their son Michael, of Chances Are . . . and Bozo Sapiens, written with their son Michael. Together, Robert and Ellen are the authors of Out of the Labyrinth. Their website is www.themathcircle.org.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
An Invitation 1
Ch. 1 Time and the Mind 3
Ch. 2 How Do We Hold These Truths? 29
Ch. 3 Designs on a Locked Chest 56
Interlude The Infinite and the Indefinite 75
Ch. 4 Skipping Stones 77
Ch. 5 Euclid Alone 100
Interlude Longing and the Infinite 131
Ch. 6 The Eagle of Algebra 133
Ch. 7 Into the Highlands 167
Interlude The Infinite and the Unknown 200
Ch. 8 Back of Beyond 202
Ch. 9 The Abyss 228
Appendix 263
Bibliography 315
Index 317
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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted April 28, 2005

    good but mostly for math buffs

    This book trys to present math to the millions and does a pretty good job. It is simple and sometimes witty but often the literary allusions intrude and the text bogs down in pages of relentless math--lovely if you like it and horrid if you don´t. If you already know alot of math you will still probably find the discussions of general math, geometry, projective geometry, and infinite series to be a nice refresher. If you don´t know any and don´t have a natural talent for it, you will find it very dense or impossible. Being somewhere in the middle I skimmed thru most of it and slowed down when it got interesting. If you have only a little time I would suggest the last chapter ´The Abyss` about Georg Cantor and transfinite arithmetic. At points they wax philosophical and ask the perennial question: is math is out there in the world or in here in our heads. Why not ask this about art or music or literature or computer programs or philosophy itself? In a very general way math must come from the same place that words and ideas and images come from---our brain evolved to make them and they must in many ways(every way?) reflect the structure of our brains, which reside in our dna which was shaped by natural selection which was shaped by the geology of the earth and the structure of our universe which comes from particle physics which comes from the laws of nature which are just there.

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