Artificial Believers: The Ascription of Belief

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Overview

Modeling of individual beliefs is essential to the computer understanding of natural languages. Phenomena at all levels — syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic — cannot be fully analyzed in the absence of models of a hearer and of the hearer's model of other believers. The heart of this text is the presentation of an artificial intelligence (AI) program intended to simulate certain aspects of a human believer. This book provides a prolog program, Viewgen, that maintains belief structures about the world and other believers, and is able to ascribe beliefs to others without direct evidence by using a form of default reasoning. The authors contend that a plausible model such as this can — in the best cognitive science tradition — shed light on the long-standing philosophical problem of what belief is.

The issues presented here will be of considerable interest to an informed general reader as well as those with a background in any of the disciplines that make up what is now called cognitive science: philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuropsychology, and also AI itself.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780805804539
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 9/28/1991
  • Pages: 288
  • Lexile: 1440L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Contents: Introduction. Preliminaries on the Nature of Belief. Belief Ascription. Experiments in Belief. Global Issues: Reasoning with Viewpoints. Further Extensions and Speculations.

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