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Artificial Experts: Social Knowledge and Intelligent Machines
     

Artificial Experts: Social Knowledge and Intelligent Machines

by Harry Collins
 

In Artificial Experts, Collins explains what computers can't do, but he also studies the ordinary and extraordinary things that they can do. He argues that the machines we create are limited because we cannot reproduce in symbols what every community knows, yet we give our machines abilities by the way we embed them in our society. He unfolds a compelling account

Overview

In Artificial Experts, Collins explains what computers can't do, but he also studies the ordinary and extraordinary things that they can do. He argues that the machines we create are limited because we cannot reproduce in symbols what every community knows, yet we give our machines abilities by the way we embed them in our society. He unfolds a compelling account of the difference between human action and machine intelligence, the core of which is a witty and learned explanation of knowledge itself, of what communities know and the ways in which they know it. H. M. Collins is Professor of Sociology, Head of the School of Social Sciences, and Director of the Science Studies Centre at the University of Bath.

Editorial Reviews

Times Literary Supplement - Steve Fuller
"Over the past fifteen years, Harry Collins has been in the forefront of a handful of mostly British sociologists who are revolutionizing our understanding of science by taking seriously a commonplace suggestion, namely, that science should be studied just like any other social phenomenon."

Kamesh Ramakrishna
H. M. Collins makes his case without the polemical excesses of Hubert Dreyfus or John Searle. Unlike them, he seems to have genuinely attempted an experiment in knowledge engineering.

From the Publisher
"H. M. Collins makes his case without the polemical excesses of Hubert Dreyfus or John Searle. Unlike them, he seems to have genuinely attempted an experiment in knowledge engineering." Kamesh Ramakrishna

Booknews
Machines are artificial experts in the sense that their knowledge base is man made and limited to what can be encoded and conferred upon them by their human programmers. Collins' (sociology, U. of Bath) wide- ranging and witty exploration of the relationship between people and machines presents a fresh analysis of human knowledge as well as a means by which to understand the limits and the possibilities of machine intelligence. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262531153
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
11/13/1992
Series:
Inside Technology Series
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

What People are Saying About This

Dr. Lucy Suchman

This work significantly advances the debate over machine versus human intelligence. It puts a new twist on the old question of what computers can't do, by asking instead how it is that they are able to do those things that they can do. The answer according to Collins is that intelligent machines work in virtue of their use by socialized human beings.

Donald McCloskey

Collins is a master of the new sociology of science, which watches science as it actually works. Artificial Experts is his masterpiece. Witty, readable, and wise, it introduces the fields of artificial intelligence and the sociology of science to each other and to the outsider. It shows what we do with tools and what they do to us.

From the Publisher
"Over the past fifteen years, Harry Collins has been in the forefront of a handful of mostly British sociologists who are revolutionizing our understanding of science by taking seriously a commonplace suggestion, namely, that science should be studied just like any other social phenomenon." Steve Fuller Times Literary Supplement

The MIT Press

"H. M. Collins makes his case without the polemical excesses of Hubert Dreyfus or John Searle. Unlike them, he seems to have genuinely attempted an experiment in knowledge engineering." Kamesh Ramakrishna

The MIT Press

Kamesh Ramakrishna

This book is intended for AI researchers and practitioners as well as sociologists... H. M. Collins makes his case without the polemical excesses of
Hubert Dreyfus or John Searle. Unlike them, he seems to have genuinely attempted an experiment in knowledge engineering.

David Edge

One of Collin's main contributions to the sociology of scientific knowledge is to stress (following Wittengenstein, Winch, Polyani et al.) the tacit element in scientific knowledge and technical skill, and to draw out the implications of this insight. It is an invaluable and powerful point, with wide-ranging ramifications.

Meet the Author

H. M. Collins is Professor of Sociology, Head of the School of Social Sciences, and Director of the Science Studies Centre at the University of Bath.

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