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Artificial General Intelligence 2008: Proceedings of the First AGI Conference

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Overview

The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) was initially directly aimed at the construction of 'thinking machines' - that is, computer systems with human-like general intelligence. But this task proved more difficult than expected. As the years passed, AI researchers gradually shifted focus to producing AI systems that intelligently approached specific tasks in relatively narrow domains. In recent years, however, more and more AI researchers have recognized the necessity - and the feasibility - of returning to the original goal of the field. Increasingly, there is a call to focus less on highly specialized 'narrow AI' problem solving systems, and more on confronting the difficult issues involved in creating 'human-level intelligence', and ultimately general intelligence that goes beyond the human level in various ways. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), as this renewed focus has come to be called, attempts to study and reproduce intelligence as a whole in a domain independent way. Encouraged by the recent success of several smaller-scale AGI-related meetings and special tracks at conferences, the initiative to organize the very first international conference on AGI was taken, with the goal to give researchers in the field an opportunity to present relevant research results and to exchange ideas on topics of common interest. In this collection you will find the conference papers: full-length papers, short position statements and also the papers presented in the post conference workshop on the sociocultural, ethical and futurological implications of AGI.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781586038335
  • Publisher: I O S Press, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 2/28/2008
  • Pages: 508

Table of Contents

Preface Pei Wang Pei, Wang Ben Goertzel Goertzel, Ben Stan Franklin Franklin, Stan

Full-Length Papers

Participating in Cognition: The Interactive Search Optimization Algorithm Nadav Abkasis Abkasis, Nadav Israel Gottlieb Gottlieb, Israel Eliraz Itzchaki Itzchaki, Eliraz 3

Input Feedback Networks: Classification and Inference Based on Network Structure Tsvi Achler Achler, Tsvi Eyal Amir Amir, Eyal 15

Reasoning with Prioritized Data by Aggregation of Distance Functions Ofer Arieli Arieli, Ofer 27

Distance-Based Non-Deterministic Semantics Ofer Arieli Arieli, Ofer Anna Zamansky Zamansky, Anna 39

Governing Lethal Behavior: Embedding Ethics in a Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Robot Architecture. PART 2: Formalization for Ethical Control Ronald C. Arkin Arkin, Ronald C. 51

Seven Principles of Synthetic Intelligence Joscha Bach Bach, Joscha 63

Language Processing in Human Brain Alexander Borzenko Borzenko, Alexander 75

Toward Logic-Based Cognitively Robust Synthetic Characters in Digital Environments Selmer Bringsjord Bringsjord, Selmer Andrew Shilliday Shilliday, Andrew Joshua Taylor Taylor, Joshua Dan Werner Werner, Dan Micah Clark Clark, Micah Ed Charpentier Charpentier, Ed Alexander Bringsjord Bringsjord, Alexander 87

A Cognitive Substrate for Natural Language Understanding Nicholas L. Cassimatis Cassimatis, Nicholas L. Arthi Murugesan Murugesan, Arthi Magdalena D. Bugajska Bugajska, Magdalena D. 99

The China-Brain Project: Building China's Artificial Brain Using an Evolved Neural Net Module Approach Hugo de Garis de Garis, Hugo Jian Yu Tang Jian, Yu Tang Zhiyong Huang Huang, Zhiyong Lu Bai Lu, Bai Cong Chen Cong, Chen Shuo Chen Shuo, Chen Junfei GuoGuo, Junfei Xianjin Tan Tan, Xianjin Hao Tian Hao, Tian Xiaohan Tian Tian, Xiaohan Xianjian Wu Wu, Xianjian Ye Xiong Ye, Xiong Xiangqian Yu Yu, Xiangqian Di Huang 107

Cognitive Architectures: Where Do We Go from Here? Wlodzislaw Duch Duch, Wlodzislaw Richard J. Oentaryo Oentaryo, Richard J. Michel Pasquier Pasquier, Michel 122

LIDA and a Theory of Mind David Friedlander Friedlander, David Stan Franklin Franklin, Stan 137

How Might Probabilistic Reasoning Emerge from the Brain? Ben Goertzel Goertzel, Ben Cassio Pennachin Pennachin, Cassio 149

An Integrative Methodology for Teaching Embodied Non-Linguistic Agents, Applied to Virtual Animals in Second Life Ben Goertzel Goertzel, Ben Cassio Pennachin Pennachin, Cassio Nil Geissweiller Geissweiller, Nil Moshe Looks Looks, Moshe Andre Senna Senna, Andre Welter Silva Silva, Welter Ari Heljakka Heljakka, Ari Carlos Lopes Lopes, Carlos 161

VARIAC: An Autogenous Cognitive Architecture J. Storrs Hall Hall, J. Storrs 176

Probabilistic Quantifier Logic for General Intelligence: An Indefinite Probabilities Approach Matthew Ikle Ikle, Matthew Ben Goertzel Goertzel, Ben 188

Comirit: Commonsense Reasoning by Integrating Simulation and Logic Benjamin Johnston Johnston, Benjamin Mary-Anne Williams Williams, Mary-Anne 200

Learning from Inconsistencies in an Integrated Cognitive Architecture Kai-Uwe Kiihnberger Kiihnberger, Kai-Uwe Peter Geibel Geibel, Peter Helmar Gust Gust, Helmar Ulf Krumnack Krumnack, Ulf Ekaterina Ovchinnikova Ovchinnikova, Ekaterina Angela Schwering Schwering, Angela Tanio Wandmacher Wandmacher, Tanio 212

Extending the Soar Cognitive Architecture John E. Laird Laird, John E. 224

Temporal Action Logic for Question Answering in an Adventure Game Martin Magnusson Magnusson, Martin Patrick Doherty Doherty, Patrick 236

Artificial General Intelligence Through Large-Scale, Multimodal Bayesian Learning Brian Milch Milch, Brian 248

A Computational Approximation to the AIXI Model Sergey Pankov Pankov, Sergey 256

Essential Phenomena of General Intelligence Marc Pickett Pickett, Marc Don Miner Miner, Don Tim Oates Oates, Tim 268

OSCAR: An Architecture for Generally Intelligent Agents John L. Pollock Pollock, John L. 275

Anticipative Coordinated Cognitive Processes for Interactivist and Piagetian Theories Jean-Charles Quinton Quinton, Jean-Charles Jean-Christophe Buisson Buisson, Jean-Christophe Filipo Perotto Perotto, Filipo 287

Hybrid Reasoning and the Future ofIconic Representations Catherine Recanati Recanati, Catherine 299

Cognitive Constructor: An Intelligent Tutoring System Based on a Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architecture (BICA) Alexei V. Samsonovich Samsonovich, Alexei V. Kenneth A. de Jong de Jong, Kenneth A. Anastasia Kitsantas Kitsantas, Anastasia Erin E. Peters Peters, Erin E. Nada Dabbagh Dabbagh, Nada M. Layne Kalbfleisch Kalbfleisch, M. Layne 311

Transfer Learning and Intelligence: An Argument and Approach Matthew E. Taylor Taylor, Matthew E. Gregory Kuhlmann Kuhlmann, Gregory Peter Stone Stone, Peter 326

Real Time Machine Deduction and AGI Peter G. Tripodes Tripodes, Peter G. 338

Text Disambiguation by Educable AI System Alexander Voskresenskij Voskresenskij, Alexander 350

What Do You Mean by "AI"? Pei Wang Pei, Wang 362

Using Decision Trees to Model an Emotional Attention Mechanism Saman Harati Zadeh Zadeh, Saman Harati Saeed Bagheri Shouraki Shouraki, Saeed Bagheri Ramin Halavati Halavati, Ramin 374

Position Statements

Fusing Animals and Humans Jonathan Connell Connell, Jonathan 389

Four Paths to AI Jonathan Connell Connell, Jonathan Kenneth Livingston Livingston, Kenneth 394

Adversarial Sequence Prediction Bill Hibbard Hibbard, Bill 399

Artificial General Intelligence via Finite Covering with Learning Yong K. Hwang Yong, K. Hwang Samuel B. Hwang Hwang, Samuel B. David B. Hwang Hwang, David B. 404

Cognitive Primitives for Automated Learning Sudharsan Iyengar Iyengar, Sudharsan 409

Vector Symbolic Architectures: A New Building Material for Artificial General Intelligence Simon D. Levy Levy, Simon D. Ross Gayler Gayler, Ross 414

Analogy as Integrating Framework for Human-Level Reasoning Angela Schwering Schwering, Angela Ulf Krumnack Krumnack, Ulf Kai-Uwe Kuhnberger Kuhnberger, Kai-Uwe Helmar Gust Gust, Helmar 419

Designing Knowledge Based Systems as Complex Adaptive Systems Karan Sharma Sharma, Karan 424

Artificial General Intelligence: An Organism and Level Based Position Statement Leslie S. Smith Smith, Leslie S. 429

Workshop Papers

The Artilect War: Cosmists vs. Terrans. A Bitter Controversy Concerning Whether Humanity Should Build Godlike Massively Intelligent Machines Hugo de Garis de Garis, Hugo 437

Stages of Ethical Development in Artificial General Intelligence Systems Ben Goertzel Goertzel, Ben Stephan Vladimir Bugaj Bugaj, Stephan Vladimir 448

Engineering Utopia J. Storrs Hall Hall, J. Storrs 460

OpenCog: A Software Framework for Integrative Artificial General Intelligence David Hart Hart, David Ben Goertzel Goertzel, Ben 468

Open Source AI Bill Hibbard Hibbard, Bill 473

On the Broad Implications of Reinforcement Learning Based AGI Scott Livingston Livingston, Scott Jamie Garvey Garvey, Jamie Itamar Elhanany Elhanany, Itamar 478

The Basic AI Drives Stephen M. Omohundro Omohundro, Stephen M. 483

A Scientific Perspective on the Hard Problem of Consciousness Alexei V. Samsonovich Samsonovich, Alexei V. Giorgio A. Ascoli Ascoli, Giorgio A. Harold Morowitz Morowitz, Harold M. Layne Kalbfleisch Kalbfleisch, M. Layne 493

Author Index 507

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