Artists from Latin American Cultures: A Biographical Dictionary

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Latin Americans have long been relegated to the cultural background, obscured by the dominant European culture. This biographical dictionary profiles 75 artists from the United States and 13 nations of Central and South America and the Caribbean, including painters, sculptors, photographers, muralists, printmakers, installation artists, and performance artists. Some of their works recall pre-Columbian times; others confront the cultural imperialism of the U.S. over Latin America; and many explore how the dominant elements of culture can affect identities of class, gender, and sexuality. Profiled artists range from the renowned to the little-known: Frida Kahlo; Tina Modotti; Diego Rivera; Myrna Baez; Raquel Forner; Patrocino Barela; and many more. Color photographs are provided for many of the works. Each entry includes information about the artist's childhood, schooling, creative growth, and artistic styles and themes. Exemplary artworks and influences are described, along with a look at popular and critical responses. Supplemental features include artist cross references, a glossary of essential terms from the art world, and a number of vivid photos portraying the artists in their creative environments.

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Editorial Reviews

Although they comprise a limited sampling, the more than seventy-five extraordinary men and women featured in these pages represent some of the finest contributions Latin Americans have made to the world art scene. In the voluptuous, oversized figures of Colombia's Fernando Botero; the papier-mâché artistry of Mexico's Linares family; the striking wood block sculptures of Venezuela's Marisol; the surrealist genius of Cuba's Wifredo Lam; and the many works of their colleagues, these multitalented artists offer a kaleidoscope of awesome creativity. They present a lush, color-rich landscape with intriguing subjects, inventive techniques, and masterly presentations. The biographical sketches are particularly interesting, with insights into the subject's artistic influences, imaginative concepts, personal philosophies, and sometimes even political ideas. Each biography is followed by a listing of places where the artist's work may be seen and a bibliography. The diversity of backgrounds, multifaceted personalities, and dynamic accomplishments of these eminent artists combined with the well-written, easy-to-read format, make this volume a fascinating read and an excellent resource for readers of all ages. It would certainly make a worthy addition to any library, teen or adult. Glossary. Index. Photos. Biblio. 2002, Greenwood, 344p. PLB Culberson
Library Journal
Containing profiles of 75 artists from the United States, Central and South America, and the Caribbean, this work offers a general introduction to the subject. Congdon (art & philosophy, Univ. of Central Florida; Uncle Monday and Other Florida Tales) and Hallmark, a doctoral student in art education at Florida State University, present a select mixture of artists both renowned and underrated (or unknown) owing to gender, geographical region, or artist's medium. They favor unknown women artists, however, claiming that they have been doubly ignored by virtue of their sex and by their choice of "low" media such as textiles, wood, or papier-m ch . Attention to themes and styles supplement a concentration on biography in the entries, whose narrative form may hinder the quick checking of vital statistics. Ultimately, this dictionary falls short compared with a similar but much pricier work published last year, St. James Guide to Hispanic Artists: Profiles of Latino and Latin American Artists, edited by Thomas Riggs. Generally, the entries lack serious critical interpretation or consideration of an artist's reception. They were all written by Congdon and Hallmark, whereas the St. James guide boasts 60 contributors and nine advisers. Though bibliographies are given for all entries, they fail to include periodical articles. Finally, the St. James project had the support of the Association for Hispanic Artists and the Association for Latin American Art. Despite these drawbacks, this affordable work does cover the basics for the student audience it purports to address. An optional purchase for high school and college libraries.-Rebecca Tolley-Stokes, East Tennessee State Univ. Lib., Johnson City Copyright 2003 Cahners Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313315442
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/30/2002
  • Pages: 344
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

KRISTIN G. CONGDON is a Professor of Art and Philosophy at the University of Central Florida. She has published extensively on the study of folk arts, community arts, and contemporary art issues. She is co-editor of several books. She is the 1998 and 1999 recipient of the Manual Barken Memorial Award for scholarship from the National Art Education and the 1998 Ziegfeld Award from the United States Society for Education Through Art for international work in the arts.

KARA KELLEY HALLMARK edited and wrote several essays for the University of Central Florida's graduate student House of Blues folk art project. She is a doctoral student in Art Education at Flordia State University.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi
Introduction xv
Lola Alvarez Bravo 1
Manuel Alvarez Bravo 5
Tarsila do Amaral 9
Felipe Benito Archuleta and Leroy Ramon Archuleta 12
Dr. Atl (Gerardo Murillo Cornado) 15
Judith F. Baca 19
Myrna Baez 24
Patrocino Barela 28
Jose Bedia 32
Jacobo Borges 36
Fernando Botero 40
Maria Brito 45
Luis Camnitzer 48
Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons 53
Leonora Carrington 57
Martin Chambi 62
Lygia Clark 66
Olga de Amaral 70
Edouard Duval Carrie 74
Raquel Forner 78
Coco Fusco 81
Julio Galan 85
Gunther Gerzso 88
Guillermo Gomez-Pena 91
Luis Gonzalez Palma 95
Felix Gonzalez-Torres 99
Ester Hernandez 103
Hector Hyppolite 108
Graciela Iturbide 111
Maria Izquierdo 115
Alfredo Jaar 118
Luis Jimenez 122
Frida Kahlo 126
Kcho (Alexis Leyva Machado) 130
Guillermo Kuitca 133
Wifredo Lam 138
Linares Family 142
Carmen Lomas Garza 146
George T. Lopez 151
Yolanda M. Lopez 154
Anita Malfatti 158
Marisol (Escobar) 161
Maria Martinez-Canas 165
Roberto Matta 169
Cildo Meireles 173
Ana Mendieta 177
Amalia Mesa-Bains 181
Tina Modotti 185
Jesus Bautista Moroles 190
Manuel Neri 194
Helio Oiticica 199
Jose Clemente Orozco 203
Pepon Osorio 207
Ramon Oviedo 211
Amelia Pelaez 215
Andre Pierre 219
Jose Guadalupe Posada 222
Martin Ramirez 225
Armando Reveron 228
Diego Rivera 231
Frank Romero 235
Jose Sabogal 238
Doris Salcedo 241
Mario Sanchez 245
Andres Serrano 249
David Alfaro Siqueiros 254
Fernando de Szyszlo 259
Rufino Tamayo 262
Francisco Toledo 268
Rigoberto Torres 271
Joaquin Torres-Garcia 275
Tilsa Tsuchiya 279
Meyer Vaisman 282
Kathy Vargas 286
Remedios Varo 290
Glossary 295
Index 303
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