As Others See Us: Schooling and Social Mobility in Scotland and the United States

Overview

In comparing the educational systems of Scotland and the United States, Keith Hope argues that the Scottish selective system is more successful in advancing students on the basis of intelligence and merit than is the comprehensive American system. Based on some unique longitudinal data assembled between 1947 and 1964 by the Mental Survey Committee of the Scottish Council for Research in Education, his work offers definitions and models for assessing the contribution of intelligence to processes of social ...

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Overview

In comparing the educational systems of Scotland and the United States, Keith Hope argues that the Scottish selective system is more successful in advancing students on the basis of intelligence and merit than is the comprehensive American system. Based on some unique longitudinal data assembled between 1947 and 1964 by the Mental Survey Committee of the Scottish Council for Research in Education, his work offers definitions and models for assessing the contribution of intelligence to processes of social mobility. Dr Hope also introduces a major distinction - between 'disadvantage' and 'deprivation' - which he uses to identify a particular type of childhood disability as being likely to have an adverse effect on life-chances. The book concludes with an account of the divergent meanings of the word 'merit' in the United States and Britain that shows how this difference is rooted in the intellectual traditions of the two countries' bureaucracies.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521125086
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/10/2009
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements; Introduction; 1. Scotland: a meritelective system?; 2. Comparison of Scotland with England and Wales; 3. Comparison of Scotland with the United States; 4. IQ + effort = merit; 5. The institutions of managed meritelection; 6. Was selection carried out fairly?; 7. Meanings of key terms; 8. Does deprivation affect life chances?; 9. Market situation; 10. Intelligence and occupational mobility; 11. Intelligence and vertical mobility; 12. Scottish society; 13. Understanding other people's norms; 14. Merit or desert?; Notes; References; Index.

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