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When the committee began its work in 1999, the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force had recently experienced recruiting shortfalls. By the early 2000s, all the Services were meeting their goals; however, in the first half of calendar year 2005, both the Army and the Marine Corps experienced recruiting difficulties and, in some months, shortfalls. When recruiting goals are not being met, scientific guidance is needed to inform policy decisions regarding the advisability of lowering standards and the impact of any change on training time and cost, job performance, attrition, and the health of the force.
Assessing Fitness for Military Enlistment examines the current physical, medical, and mental health standards for military enlistment in light of (1) trends in the physical condition of the youth population; (2) medical advances for treating certain conditions, as well as knowledge of the typical course of chronic conditions as young people reach adulthood; (3) the role of basic training in physical conditioning; (4) the physical demands and working conditions of various jobs in today's military services; and (5) the measures that are used by the Services to characterize an individual's physical condition. The focus is on the enlistment of 18- to 24-year-olds and their first term of service.
|2||Procedures, requirements, and standards||21|
|3||Framework for evaluating medical and physical standards||47|
|4||Physical fitness and musculoskeletal injury||66|
|7||Substance abuse and cigarette use||152|
|8||Conclusions and recommendations||177|
|App. A||Medical standards for appointment, enlistment, or induction in the armed forces|
|App. B||Analysis of waivers for disqualifying conditions|
|App. C||Sponsors and contributors|
|App. D||Biographical sketches of committee members and staff|