Assistive Technology in the Classroom: Enhancing the School Experiences of Students with Disabilities / Edition 2

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More About This Textbook

Overview

A current look at the most effective uses of assistive technology for students with disabilities that emphasizes the link between technology and learning.

This updated text focuses on the use of assistive technology to increase the independence and participation of students with disabilities in schools by providing them with access to the curriculum. With an emphasis on both the relationship between assistive technology and learning and on how assistive technology can be integrated into the curriculum, this text assesses the school-related tasks that students with special needs must perform in order to be successful. Additionally, this text provides descriptions of technology-based solutions, presenting these obstacles in clear, engaging prose. Instead of approaching this topic through disability categories, this book recognizes that each child is unique and that there are multiple factors to examine before choosing technology tools for each student. Throughout the book, assistive technology tools are not discussed in isolation — the context for technology use is always the classroom, the teaching-learning process, and its impact on students with disabilities.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131390409
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 8/24/2011
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 384
  • Sales rank: 122,020
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

PART I: Benefits of Computer Use in Special Education

Chapter 1: Introduction to Assistive Technology

Focus Questions

Introduction

What Is Assistive Technology?

The Legal Basis for Assistive Technology

Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Brief History of Assistive Technology

Assistive Technology Decision-Making Process

Universal Design

Universal Design for Learning

A Note on Language

Conclusion

Chapter 2: Assistive Technology to Support Writing

Focus Questions

The Context–Process Writing

Problems Students with Disabilities Have with Writing

Technology Tools That Support the Writing Process

Pre-Writing: Graphic Organizers

Drafting

Editing

Reviewing

Sharing or Publishing

Technology Tools that Support Notetaking

Portable Word Processors

Portable Braille Notetakers

Notetaking Services for Deaf/Hard of Hearing Students

Capturing Devices

Technology Alone Will Not Improve Students’ Writing

Instruction on Technology Tools for Writing

Putting It All Together

Chapter 3: Assistive Technology to Support Reading

Focus Questions

Introduction

What We Know About Teaching Children to Read: Evidenced-Based Strategies

Findings of the National Reading Panel: Topic Areas

Reading Problems in Students with Disabilities

How Technology Can Address These Problems

Learning to Read: Computer as a Remediation Tool

Reading to Learn: Computer as a Compensation Tool

Technology Tools to Access Alternate Formats

Decision-Making: Instructional Tool or Compensatory Tool?

Chapter 4: Technology to Support Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

and Differentiated Instruction

Focus Questions

Introduction

UDL Principle 1: Multiple Means of Representation

Provide Multiple Means of Representation

What Multiple Means of Representation Looks Like in a Classroom

UDL Principle 2: Multiple Means of Action and Expression

Provide Multiple Means of Action and Expression

What Multiple Means of Action and Expression Look Like in the Classroom

UDL Principle 3: Multiple Means of Engagement

Provide Multiple Means of Engagement

What Multiple Means of Engagement Looks Like in a Classroom

Web Accessibility

Chapter 5: Computers and the Internet for Teaching Math

Focus Questions

Introduction

Addressing the Needs of Students with Disabilities

Features of Technology-Based Learning Activities

Selecting Activities: Focus on Math

Automaticity and Fluency

Visual-Spatial or Motor Control Difficulties

Math Concepts, Skills, and Problem Solving

Software for Math Skills, Concepts and Problem Solving

Authoring Software

Chapter 6: Assistive Technology to Enhance Communication

Focus Questions

Introduction

The Importance of Communication–Part 1

Problems Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing Have with Communication

Problems Resulting from Communication Problems

Technology Tools That Address Communication Problems for Students Who Are Deaf/Hard of Hearing

Hearing Lectures with Assistive Listening Devices

Types of Assistive Listening Devices

Interacting with Teachers and Peers Outside Class

The Importance of Communication–Part 2

Problems Students with Physical Disabilities or Autism Have with Communication

Problems Resulting from Communication Problems

Technology Tools That Address Communication Problems for Students Who Cannot Speak: Augmentative Communication

PART II: Access to Computers

Chapter 7: Providing Access to Computers: Using What You Have

Focus Questions

Introduction

Universal Design

Flexibility in Use

Accessibility Features for Users with Disabilities

Keyboard Modifications and Mouse Control

Modifications for Students with Sensory Impairments

Chapter 8: Assistive Technology for Computer Access

Focus Questions

Introduction

Low-Tech Adaptations for Computer Use

Keyboard Labels

Selecting/Pointing Devices

Keyguards

Moisture Guards

Alternate Input Devices

Mouse Alternative

Keyboard Shortcuts

Trackballs

Joysticks

Touch Screens

Head Pointing Systems

Eye Gaze Systems

Alternate Input: Alternative Keyboards

Expanded Keyboards

Mini-Keyboards

One-Handed Keyboards

On-Screen Keyboards

Customizable Keyboards

Single Switches for Scanning and Morse Code

Speech Recognition.

Alternate Output Options

Screen Magnification

Screen Readers

Refreshable Braille

Braille Embossers

Chapter 9: Issues in Selection of Access Method(s)

Focus Questions

Introduction

Consideration of Assistive Technology During IEP Development

Hallmarks of Exemplary Assistive Technology Decision-Making and Assessment

Use of a Team Approach in Assistive Technology Assessment

Focus on Student Needs and Abilities

Examination of Tasks to Be Completed

Consideration of Relevant Environmental Issues.

Trial Use of Assistive Technology

Providing Necessary Supports

Viewing Assessment as an Ongoing Process

Resources to Guide Assistive Technology Consideration and Assessment

Quality Indicators for Assessment of Assistive Technology Needs

Education Tech Points for Assistive Technology Planning

SETT Framework

Summary

Suggested Activities

PART III: Augmentative Communication

Chapter 10: Selecting and Designing a Student’s Augmentative Communication System

Focus Questions

Introduction

Considerations in System Selection and Design

Myths and Realities

Who Should Assess? Collaborative Team Assessment Approach

How Should the Team Assess? Features of the Collaborative Assessment Process

Features of the Process of Selecting AAC Systems

What Components Must Be Identified? Symbols, Vocabulary and Access Method

Evaluating the Efficiency and Effectiveness of a Student’s Augmentative Communication System

Conclusion

Chapter 11: AT Approaches to Teaching Early Communication and Literacy

Focus Questions

Introduction

What Is Communication?

How Do Communication and Language Develop?

What Factors Promote Communication and Language Development?

Problems Students with Disabilities Have with Early Communication Development

Technology Tools That Support Early Communication Development

Types of Switches to Promote Early Communication

Determining the Use of Switches for Early Communication

Examples of Switch Technology for Early Communication in the Classroom

Emergent-Conventional Literacy

Chapter 12: Integrating Augmentative Communication in the Classroom, Home, and Community

Focus Questions

Introduction

Supportive Environments for Augmentative Communication Users: The Teacher’s Role

Curriculum Issues

Ongoing Skill Development in Communication

Importance of Selecting Appropriate Vocabulary

Use of Peers as Communication Facilitators

Other Strategies

Need for Teacher Training

Not Everything Is High-Tech

Infusing Communication Development Within the IEP

Transition from School to School and Teacher to Teacher

Home and Community Use

Using Augmentative Communication in the Community

PART IV: Making It Happen

Chapter 13: Implementation of Assistive Technology in Schools

Focus Questions

Introduction

Legal Basis for Assistive Technology

Integrating Assistive Technology into the IEP

Specially Designed Instruction

Supplementary Aids and Services, and Related Services

Critical Issues in Assistive Technology Implementation

The Digital Divide

Culture

Assistive Technology Consideration Misunderstood

Educational Professionals’ Lack of Knowledge and Skills

Information Technology Policies

Funding

Implementing Assistive Technology Recommendations

Chapter 14: Implementation of Assistive Technology in Transition Planning

Focus Questions

Preparation for Transition from High School to College

Problems Students with Disabilities Face in College

Typical Accommodations at College That Meet These Needs

There Are No IEPs in College

Reasonable Accommodations

Procedures for Obtaining Assistive Technology in College

Legal and Procedural Differences Between ADA and IDEA

Importance of Transition Planning in High School

Assistive Technology Skills

Self-Advocacy skills

Assistive Technology for Transition from High School to Home, Workplace, and Community

Technology to Teach Functional Skills

Instructional Software to Teach Functional Skills

Authoring Computer-Based Activities to Teach Functional Skills

Technology to Provide Visual Supports

Computer-Generated and Video-Based Social Stories

Simple Technology for Self-Care and Leisure Activities

Planning for Transition to Home, Workplace, and Community

Index

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