Asylum: A Mid-Century Madhouse and Its Lessons about Our Mentally Ill Today by Enoch Callaway | 9780275997045 | Hardcover | Barnes & Noble
Asylum: A Mid-Century Madhouse and Its Lessons about Our Mentally Ill Today
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Asylum: A Mid-Century Madhouse and Its Lessons about Our Mentally Ill Today

by Enoch Callaway
     
 

ISBN-10: 0275997049

ISBN-13: 9780275997045

Pub. Date: 07/30/2007

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

Meet Sam, the man troopers brought in because he was standing at the center of the turnpike, directing traffic, claiming to be God's police chief on earth. And Mary, a middle-aged women so obsessed with clean hands she has rubbed her palms raw and bloody. Then, too, there is Dr. Hudson Hoagland, who uses an ant farm and peppermint oil to illustrate the ancient

Overview

Meet Sam, the man troopers brought in because he was standing at the center of the turnpike, directing traffic, claiming to be God's police chief on earth. And Mary, a middle-aged women so obsessed with clean hands she has rubbed her palms raw and bloody. Then, too, there is Dr. Hudson Hoagland, who uses an ant farm and peppermint oil to illustrate the ancient roots of society's hostility toward schizophrenics. They are all at Worcester State Hospital, the first state insane asylum established in this nation, and the topic of Dr. Enoch Calloway's fascinating, fast-moving book about this facility that served as a model for others established later in the United States. Now a respected psychiatrist for more than 50 years, Callaway shows us with compassion and sometimes humor how the now historic mental hospital—where psychiatrists lived with the patients—was unique. The stories here are more than educational in a traditional sense; they also instruct us on the humanity of the mentally ill—and their physicians.

In his witty and warm history of Worcester State Hospital, founded in 1833 as the first state insane asylum established in this nation, Dr. Enoch Callaway reflects not just on the events in this fortress-like place, but also on how those events parallel advances and failures in the field of psychiatry itself. In addition to patient/psychiatrist vignettes showing treatment techniques of the period—from farm work to early electric shock therapy and insulin treatments that put schizophrenics in a 90-minute coma—Callaway also offers sharp insight into natural treatments that showed remarkable results and unexpected recoveries stimulated by tools as simple as a hand mirror.

At times, Worcester may seem brutal, at other times its simplicity seems pure and caring. There are marvelous successes, and times when the facility seems no more than a warehouse for the mentally ill. Callaway argues that this history offers lessons about the treatment—and options for better treatment—of the mentally ill in society today.

Throughout the text, the author weaves in comparisons to books and movies about the mentally ill and the facilities that have housed them. He includes literary works such as Madness in the Streets, Out of the Shadows and I Never Promised You a Rose Garden, as well as cinematic classics like The Snake Pit, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, and A Beautiful Mind. Each either reflects or directly opposes procedures, patients, treatments, tribulations, or compassion as they existed at Worcester.

Asylums such as Worcester were places that sheltered the mentally ill from harm they might do themselves and others, and from the criminal justice system. With asylums near extinct now, the mentally ill are again being herded into the criminal justice system where they get little to no mental health care. Can the successes and failures of a hospital that closed a half-century ago guide us toward something better? Readers from all walks of life will find this text at once absorbing, disturbing, amusing, painfully serious, and tremendously insightful.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780275997045
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
07/30/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
216
Sales rank:
1,035,912
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.56(d)

Table of Contents


Foreword     xi
Acknowledgments     xiii
Introduction     xv
In The Home For Broken Minds     1
Welcome to the Lunatic Asylum     3
Back Wards     7
Isn't That Depressing?     10
Promotion To Jesus     13
Doctor Charisma     17
Are You There?     20
Insulin Coma (aka Insulin Shock) Therapy     22
By These Signs Shall Ye Know Them     26
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)     28
The Last Resort     31
Beauty Is As Beauty Does     33
Some Comments on the Subject of Schizophrenia     36
We May Be Crazy But We're Not Stupid     40
My Exhibitionism Gets a Lucky Break     42
Truth Serum     44
The Pet Paranoid     47
The Patient Who Smelled Like a Darkroom     50
Psychiatry, The Cinderella Of Medicine, before the Fairy Godmother (aka the Pharmaceutical Industry) Discovered Glass Slippers for Her Feet     53
Never Say Die     56
Folie A Deux     59
My Nose Receives a Silver Rod at Harvard     61
Doctor, Please Make The Voices Go Away     65
A Special Place     67
The Moon and Madness     71
Electronic Relics of the Pre-Penicillin Era     73
Hydrotherapy     75
The Psychoanalytic Citation     78
A Saint for the Schizophrenics     80
Deafness and Despair     83
Coarse Brain Damage     85
Psychosomatic Medicine     87
The Magic Mirror     89
The Dark Side     91
Behind the Wall of Silence     94
Gather Ye Labwear Where Ye May     97
Miscellaneous Misadventures     101
The Fortunate Failure     103
He Who Calls His Neighbor a Fool     108
The Genital Sentinel     111
Did She Die from Counter-Transference?     114
Leaders Of The Vision     119
Fabulous Phonies     121
The Psychoanalytic Innovator     125
How Fortune Came to Favor the Foundation and the Hospital     129
From Madhouse to Mansion     135
On Mink Mating and Money-Making     137
Nate Kline     139
Marvelous Mentors     141
Consensual Validation: The Movie Snake Pit     146
Footnotes on Psychotherapy     149
It's Only The Castle Burning      155
Welcome to the Third Millenium     157
Visits With Those Left Behind     161
Are Promises Made To Be Broken?     166
The Seeds of Deinstitutionalization     170
The Unholy Aliance     177
Postscript: So What? With Notes on the Culture of Caring     183
Appendix     189
Notes     191
Index     195

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