At America's Gates: Chinese Immigration during the Exclusion Era, 1882-1943 / Edition 1

At America's Gates: Chinese Immigration during the Exclusion Era, 1882-1943 / Edition 1

by Erika Lee
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807854484

ISBN-13: 9780807854488

Pub. Date: 05/19/2003

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

With the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, Chinese laborers became the first group in American history to be excluded from the United States on the basis of their race and class. This landmark law changed the course of U.S. immigration history, but we know little about its consequences for the Chinese in America or for the United States as a nation of immigrants.

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Overview

With the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, Chinese laborers became the first group in American history to be excluded from the United States on the basis of their race and class. This landmark law changed the course of U.S. immigration history, but we know little about its consequences for the Chinese in America or for the United States as a nation of immigrants.

At America's Gates is the first book devoted entirely to both Chinese immigrants and the American immigration officials who sought to keep them out. Erika Lee explores how Chinese exclusion laws not only transformed Chinese American lives, immigration patterns, identities, and families but also recast the United States into a "gatekeeping nation." Immigrant identification, border enforcement, surveillance, and deportation policies were extended far beyond any controls that had existed in the United States before.

Drawing on a rich trove of historical sources—including recently released immigration records, oral histories, interviews, and letters—Lee brings alive the forgotten journeys, secrets, hardships, and triumphs of Chinese immigrants. Her timely book exposes the legacy of Chinese exclusion in current American immigration control and race relations.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807854488
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
05/19/2003
Edition description:
1
Pages:
352
Sales rank:
328,545
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.93(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
Pt. IClosing the Gates19
Ch. 1The Chinese Are Coming. How Can We Stop Them? Chinese Exclusion and the Origins of American Gatekeeping23
Ch. 2The Keepers of the Gate: U.S. Immigration Officials and Chinese Exclusion47
Pt. IIAt America's Gates75
Ch. 3Exclusion Acts: Race, Class, Gender, and Citizenship in the Enforcement of the Exclusion Laws77
Ch. 4One Hundred Kinds of Oppressive Laws: The Chinese Response to American Exclusion111
Pt. IIICracks in the Gate147
Ch. 5Enforcing the Borders: Chinese Exclusion along the U.S.-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican Borders151
Ch. 6The Crooked Path: Chinese Illegal Immigration and Its Consequences189
Pt. IVThe Consequences and Legacies of Exclusion221
Ch. 7In the Shadow of Exclusion: The Impact of Exclusion on the Chinese in America223
Epilogue: Echoes of Exclusion in the Late Twentieth Century245
Afterword: Following September 11, 2001253
Notes257
Bibliography295
Acknowledgments311
Index315

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