At Home and Abroad: U. S. Labor-Market Performance in International Perspective / Edition 1

At Home and Abroad: U. S. Labor-Market Performance in International Perspective / Edition 1

by Francine D. Blau, Lawerence M. Kahn
     
 

ISBN-10: 0871541009

ISBN-13: 9780871541000

Pub. Date: 04/01/2002

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

Throughout the latter part of the 20th century, the U.S. labor market performed differently than the labor markets of the world's other advanced industrialized societies. In the early 1970s, the United States had higher unemployment rates than its Western European counterparts. But after two oil crises, rapid technological change, and globalization rocked the world

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Overview

Throughout the latter part of the 20th century, the U.S. labor market performed differently than the labor markets of the world's other advanced industrialized societies. In the early 1970s, the United States had higher unemployment rates than its Western European counterparts. But after two oil crises, rapid technological change, and globalization rocked the world's economies, unemployment fell in the United States, while increasing dramatically in other nations. At the same time, wage inequality widened more in the United States than in Europe. In At Home and Abroad, Cornell University economists Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn examine the reasons for these striking dissimilarities between the United States and its economic allies.

Comparing countries, the authors find that governments and unions play a far greater role in the labor market in Europe than they do in the United States. It is much more difficult to lay off workers in Europe than in the United States, unemployment insurance is more generous in Europe, and many fewer Americans than Europeans are covered by collective bargaining agreements. Interventionist labor market institutions in Europe compress wages, thus contributing to the lower levels of wage inequality in the European Union than in the United States.

Using a unique blend of microeconomic and microeconomic analyses, the authors assess how these differences affect wage and unemployment levels. In a lucid narrative, they present ample evidence that, as upheavals shook the global economy, the flexible U.S. market let wages adjust so that jobs could be maintained, while more rigid European economies maintained wages at the cost of losing jobs.

By helping readers understand the relationship between different economic responses and outcomes, At Home and Abroad makes an invaluable contribution to the continuing debate about the role institutions can and should play in creating jobs and maintaining living standards.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780871541000
Publisher:
Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date:
04/01/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
326
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Acknowledgments
Ch. 1Introduction: The Labor-Market Performance of the United States in an International Context1
Ch. 2Labor-Market Performance: How Does Labor-Market Performance in the United States Compare to That in Other Countries?19
Ch. 3Labor-Market Institutions: How Do Labor-Market Institutions in the United States Compare to Those in Other Countries?70
Ch. 4Detecting the Effect of Institutions on Labor-Market Performance: Conceptual Issues101
Ch. 5Labor-Market Institutions and Unemployment: Macroeconomic Evidence133
Ch. 6Labor-Market Institutions, Relative Wages, and Employment: Microeconomic Evidence168
Ch. 7Labor-Market Institutions and the Gender Pay Gap228
Ch. 8Policy Implications and Future Research Directions255
Notes267
References285
Index305

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