At the Crossroads: Indians and Empires on a Mid-Atlantic Frontier, 1700-1763 / Edition 1

At the Crossroads: Indians and Empires on a Mid-Atlantic Frontier, 1700-1763 / Edition 1

by Jane T. Merritt, Roald Dahl
     
 

ISBN-10: 080785462X

ISBN-13: 9780807854624

Pub. Date: 03/24/2003

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

Examining interactions between native Americans and whites in eighteenth-century Pennsylvania, Jane Merritt traces the emergence of race as the defining difference between these neighbors on the frontier.

Before 1755, Indian and white communities in Pennsylvania shared a certain amount of interdependence. They traded skills and resources and found a common enemy

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Overview

Examining interactions between native Americans and whites in eighteenth-century Pennsylvania, Jane Merritt traces the emergence of race as the defining difference between these neighbors on the frontier.

Before 1755, Indian and white communities in Pennsylvania shared a certain amount of interdependence. They traded skills and resources and found a common enemy in the colonial authorities, including the powerful Six Nations, who attempted to control them and the land they inhabited. Using innovative research in German Moravian records, among other sources, Merritt explores the cultural practices, social needs, gender dynamics, economic exigencies, and political forces that brought native Americans and Euramericans together in the first half of the eighteenth century.

But as Merritt demonstrates, the tolerance and even cooperation that once marked relations between Indians and whites collapsed during the Seven Years' War. By the 1760s, as the white population increased, a stronger, nationalist identity emerged among both white and Indian populations, each calling for new territorial and political boundaries to separate their communities. Differences between Indians and whites—whether political, economic, social, religious, or ethnic—became increasingly characterized in racial terms, and the resulting animosity left an enduring legacy in Pennsylvania's colonial history.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807854624
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
03/24/2003
Series:
Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Maps, Illustrations, and Tables
Abbreviations and Short Titles
Introduction: At the Crossroads1
Pt. 1Limits of Empire
1Cultural Communities and the Politics of Land19
2Kinship and the Economics of Empire50
Pt. 2Empowered Communities
3The Indian Great Awakening89
4Mission Community Networks129
Pt. 3War and Peace
5Demonizing Delawares169
6Quakers and the Language of Indian Diplomacy198
Pt. 4Boundaries Redrawn
7An Uneasy Peace235
8Indian Nations and Empire264
App. AMoravian Indian Lebenslauf (Life Stories)309
App. BNative American Family Genealogies325
Index333

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