At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and 'Pagans' in Medieval Hungary, c.1000 - c.1300

At the Gate of Christendom: Jews, Muslims and 'Pagans' in Medieval Hungary, c.1000 - c.1300

by Nora Berend, Berend Nora
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521027209

ISBN-13: 9780521027205

Pub. Date: 05/28/2006

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

"Modern life in increasingly heterogeneous societies has directed attention to patterns of cultural interactions. While scholars have often used the binary framework of persecution and tolerance to understand such interaction, this book argues that both exclusion and integration simultaneously characterised medieval non-Christian status. It compares the place of Jews,…  See more details below

Overview

"Modern life in increasingly heterogeneous societies has directed attention to patterns of cultural interactions. While scholars have often used the binary framework of persecution and tolerance to understand such interaction, this book argues that both exclusion and integration simultaneously characterised medieval non-Christian status. It compares the place of Jews, Muslims and nomad Cumans between 1000 and 1300 in Hungary, a kingdom on the frontier of Christendom." "A complex picture of non-Christian status emerges from the analysis of economic, social, legal, and religious positions and roles. Existence on the frontier with the nomadic world led to the formulation of a frontier ideology, and to anxiety about Hungary's detachment from Christendom. The author uses a variety of written and material evidence, including Latin charters and laws, rabbinical responses, accounts by Muslim travellers, and archaeological finds, and draws upon analogies with other areas of medieval Christendom. The study also succeeds in integrating central European history into the study of the medieval world, while challenging how the concepts of frontier societies, persecution and tolerance, ethnicity, and 'the other' are currently used in medieval studies."--BOOK JACKET.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521027205
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
05/28/2006
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: Fourth Series, #50
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
364
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

List of maps
Acknowledgements
List of abbreviations
Introduction1
1Hungary: A Frontier Society6
Medievalists on the frontier6
Medieval Hungary17
Medieval Hungary on the frontier of Christendom23
2Christians and Non-Christians42
Christianitas and non-Christians42
Jews60
Muslims64
Cumans68
3The Legal Position of Hungary's Non-Christian Population74
The legal status of Jews74
The legal position of Muslims84
The legal status of Cumans87
The judicial autonomy of non-Christians93
The Hungarian legal system and the non-Christians101
4Non-Christians in Hungarian Economy and Society109
Trade110
Financial functions and office-holding116
Money-lending116
'Public office': roles connected to the mint and treasury120
Non-Christian presence in agriculture129
Military role140
5Conflicts Between the Papacy and the Kings149
'Since it is quite absurd that any who blaspheme against Christ should have power over Christians'152
Hungary, the Gate of Christendom: birth of a frontier ideology163
Political fragmentation and the Cumans171
Papal and royal attitudes: the role of non-Christians in Christian society183
6Christian Perceptions and Attitudes190
Christian categorization of non-Christians190
Christian perceptions of non-Christians195
Christian missionary efforts210
7Non-Christian Communities: Continuity, Transformation, Conversion and Assimilation224
The Jews225
The Muslims237
The Cumans244
Conclusion268
App. 1Hungarian kings of the house of Arpad273
App. 2Toponyms, with Latin and German equivalents274
App. 3The manuscript tradition of the Synod of Buda (1279)275
Bibliography277
Index335

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