At the Leading Edge: The ATLAS and CMS LHC Experiments

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Overview

Too often descriptions of detectors focus on the "what" and not the "why". This volume aims to elucidate how the requirements of the physics at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) define the detector environment. In turn, the detector choices are made to adopt to that environment. The goal of LHC physics is to explore the mechanism for electroweak symmetry breaking. Because of the minuscule cross-sections which need to be explored, 0.1 fb, the LHC needs to provide 100 fb-1/yr, or an instantaneous luminosity of 1034/(cm2 sec). With a bunch crossing interval of 25 nsec, well matched to detector speeds, there will be 25 events occupying each bunch crossing.

Thus the physics requires fast, finely segmented, low noise and radiation resistant detectors which provide redundant measurements of the rarely produced electrons and muons. To achieve those goals, new ground was broken in constructing the A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS (ATLAS) and Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detectors in the vertex detectors, tracking systems, calorimetry, strong magnets, muon systems, front end electronics, trigger systems, and in the data acquisition methods used.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789814277617
  • Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 4/28/2010
  • Pages: 436
  • Product dimensions: 6.60 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction: How Physics Defines the LHC Environment and Detectors D. Green 1

Chapter 2 The CMS Pixel Detector W. Erdmann 41

Chapter 3 The Hybrid Tracking System of ATLAS Leonardo Rossi 69

Chapter 4 The All-Silicon Strip CMS Tracker: Microtechnology at the Macroscale M. Mannelli 95

Chapter 5 The ATLAS Electromagnetic Calorimeters: Features and Performance Luciano Mandelli 129

Chapter 6 The CMS Electromagnetic Calorimeter: Crystals and APD Productions P. Bloch 155

Chapter 7 ATLAS Electronics: An Overview Philippe Farthouat 177

Chapter 8 Innovations in the CMS Tracker Electronics G. Hall 205

Chapter 9 TileCal: The Hadronic Section of the Central ATLAS Calorimeter K. Anderson T. Del Prete E. Fullana J. Huston C. Roda R. Stanek 233

Chapter 10 Innovations for the CMS HCAL J. Freeman 259

Chapter 11 ATLAS Superconducting Toroids - The Largest Ever Built Herman H. J. ten Kate 279

Chapter 12 Constructing a 4-Tesla Large Thin Solenoid At the Limit of What Can Be Safely Operated A. Hervé 305

Chapter 13 The ATLAS Muon Spectrometer Giora Mikenberg 329

Chapter 14 The CMS Muon Detector: From the First Thoughts to the Final Design Fabrizio Gasparini 351

Chapter 15 The Why and How of the ATLAS Data Acquisition System Livio Mapelli Giuseppe Mornacchi 391

Chapter 16 Removing the Haystack - The CMS Trigger and Data Acquisition Systems Vivian O'Dell 417

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