Ataturk: An Intellectual Biographyby M. Sukru Hanioglu
When Mustafa Kemal Atatrk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by scienceand by the personality cult Atatrk created around himselfwould reign supreme as the new religion. This book provides the first in-depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish
When Mustafa Kemal Atatrk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by scienceand by the personality cult Atatrk created around himselfwould reign supreme as the new religion. This book provides the first in-depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him within the historical context of the turbulent age in which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the late Ottoman imperial order to the modern Turkish state through his life and ideas.
Shedding light on one of the most complex and enigmatic statesmen of the modern era, M. Skr Hanioglu takes readers from Atatrk's youth as a Muslim boy in the volatile ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his education in nonreligious and military schools, to his embrace of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing Young Turks movement. Who was this figure who sought glory as an ambitious young officer in World War I, defied the victorious Allies intent on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the last sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatrk's intellectual and ideological development at every stage of his life, demonstrating how he was profoundly influenced by the new ideas that were circulating in the sprawling Ottoman realm. He shows how Atatrk drew on a unique mix of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and other theories to fashion a grand utopian framework on which to build his new nation.
Douglas H. Garrison
"Fresh and concise."--New Yorker
"A significant achievement, and indispensable for anyone seeking to understand the roots of modern Turkey."--Times Higher Education
"Atatürk does not lack for biographers, most of whose books are adulatory, but none has so thoroughly brought to life the ideological climate that molded the man as has Hanio?lu. And few have presented Atatürk with such objectivity."--Foreign Affairs
"The definitive biography of Atatürk and an instant classic."--Digest of Middle East Studies
"Hanio?lu does a stellar job highlighting the scientific trends Atatürk used to validate his Turkish national ideal. . . . Highly recommended."--Library Journal
"This work provides the essential intellectual framework to understand Atatürk and the enormity of his accomplishments."--Choice
"M. Sükrü Hanioglu probes the bold and pragmatic mind of Atatürk in his new book. . . . Hanioglu provides us with a fresh way to look at Atatürk."--Saudi Gazette
"Professor Sükrü Hanioglu . . . combines elegance and meticulousness in Atatürk."--Andrew Mango, Literary Review
"Professor Hanioglu's study, based on meticulous research of primary sources, deals with the social setting and intellectual sources that shaped the ideas that have directed Ataturk's actions and policies. The book not only helps demythologize Ataturk, it also provides a most valuable contribution to a better understanding of the state he founded. . . . Ataturk is indispensable reading for anyone who wishes to understand Turkey's politics."--Sahin Alpay, Today's Zaman
"M. Sükrü Hanioglu's latest book, Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography, is probably the best book on Atatürk's legacy and his historic role. . . . Hanioglu managed to combine both impartiality and immediate access to Turkish sources to produce a classic."--Herkül Millas, Today's Zaman
"This book has the potential to inspire a new period of much needed assessment of Atatürk's thought, work and legacy."--Rifat Kandiyoti, Political Quarterly
"This book breaks new ground in seeking to determine what Ataturk's reforms actually meant for their creator instead of trying to fit together his policies into a coherent doctrine called Ataturkism, as others have done. It is an important addition to the literature on the republic that Ataturk sought to define, and was determined to create."--Clement Dodd, Journal of Islamic Studies
"This book is aimed less at historians of the Ottoman Empire or of Turkey than at a wider public. It is a fine work of synthesis, fully accessible to non-specialists, which takes account of the complexity of the transitional period between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey. Hanioglu's line of argument is perfectly clear and his account is easy to follow."--Clélia Delbarre, booksandideas.net
"By setting [Ataturk's] remarkable achievements within their historical context, Mr Hanioglu has not only done him a service, he has also provided the reader a better understanding of the contradictions of the fascinating country that is modern Turkey."--Kanika Datta, Business Standard
"Professor Hanioglu has developed a well-informed and in-depth theoretical account, perhaps the most successful so far, of the ideological elements that shaped the ideas and mindset of Mustafa Kemal (later Atatürk). Although readers may be tempted to pass over yet another Atatürk biography, I would urge them to read this one. . . . [T]he present study will undoubtedly become an indispensable tool to historians of modern Turkey. It will be widely consulted by anyone seeking to understand not only the historical roots of modern Turkey, but also the present conditions in that society. Professor Hanioglu's essential biography places Atatürk firmly within his historical and intellectual contexts, offering to the public a solid, well-written and comprehensive study."--Nikos Christofis, New Middle Eastern Studies
"Hanioglu examines the development of his political philosophy in the context of historical events, allowing for better comparison between Ataturk's accomplishments and other statesmen of his time. Because of the care the author shows in establishing the international context, this book will be of interest to any student of political ideologies and the emergence of nation-states between the wars."--Christianne Gates, History
"Teachers of Turkish history in particular will be very grateful for this concise and accessible study of one of the most enduring national leaders of the twentieth century. . . . Hanio?lu's approach to Atatürk is helpful and refreshing."--Gavin D. Brockett, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
- Princeton University Press
- Publication date:
- Product dimensions:
- 5.80(w) x 8.60(h) x 1.10(d)
Meet the Author
M. Sukru Hanioglu is the Garrett Professor in Foreign Affairs in the Department of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University. His books include "A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire" (Princeton).
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A wonderful, readable insight into the man and the country he so greatly influenced.