Athenian Democracy / Edition 1

Athenian Democracy / Edition 1

by P.J. Rhodes
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195221400

ISBN-13: 9780195221404

Pub. Date: 06/03/2004

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Athens' democracy developed during the sixth and fifth centuries and continued into the fourth; Athens' defeat by Macedon in 322 began a series of alternations between democracy and oligarchy. The democracy was inseparably bound up with the ideals of liberty and equality, the rule of law, and the direct government of the people by the people. Liberty means above…  See more details below

Overview


Athens' democracy developed during the sixth and fifth centuries and continued into the fourth; Athens' defeat by Macedon in 322 began a series of alternations between democracy and oligarchy. The democracy was inseparably bound up with the ideals of liberty and equality, the rule of law, and the direct government of the people by the people. Liberty means above all freedom of speech, the right to be heard in the public assembly and the right to speak one's mind in private. Equality meant the equal right of male citizens (perhaps 60,000 in the fifth century, 30,000 in the fourth) to participate in the government of the state and the administration of the law. Disapproved of as a mob rule until the nineteenth century, the institutions of Athenian democracy have become an inspiration for modern democratic politics and political philosophy.

P. J. Rhodes's reader focuses on the political institutions, political activity, history, and nature of Athenian democracy and introduces some of the best British, American, German, and French scholarship on its origins, theory, and practice. Part I is devoted to political institutions: citizenship, the assembly, the law-courts, and capital punishment. Part II explores aspects of political activity: the demagogues and their relationship with the assembly, the maneuverings of the politicians, competitive festivals, and the separation of public from private life. Part III looks at three crucial points in the development of the democracy: the reforms of Solon, Cleisthenes, and Ephialtes. Part IV considers what it was in Greek life that led to the development of democracy. Some of the authors adopt broad-brush approaches to major questions; others analyze a particular body of evidence in detail. Use is made of archeology, comparison with other societies, the location of festivals in their civic context, and the need to penetrate behind what the classical Athenians made of their past.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195221404
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
06/03/2004
Series:
Edinburgh Readings on the Ancient World
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
9.20(w) x 6.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Note to the reader
Abbreviations
Maps
General introduction1
Pt. IPolitical institutions
Introduction to part I15
1Athenian citizenship : the descent group and the alternatives18
2How did the Athenian Ecclesia vote?40
3Aristotle, the Kleroteria, and the courts62
4Jury pay and assembly pay at Athens95
5Capital punishment132
Pt. IIPolitical activity
Introduction to part II161
6Athenian demagogues163
7Political activity in classical Athens185
8Competitive festivals and the polis : a context for dramatic festivals at Athens207
9Public and private interests in classical Athens225
Pt. IIIMoments in history
Introduction to part III239
10How a political myth takes shape : Solon, 'founding father' of the Athenian democracy242
11The Athenian Revolution of 508/7 B.C. : violence, authority, and the origins of democracy260
12Cleisthenes and Attica287
13Ephialtes, Eisangelia, and the council310
Pt. IVA view of democracy
Introduction to part IV327
14The Greeks : the political revolution in world history328
Intellectual chronology349
Guide to further reading350
Bibliography352
Index356

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