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This smart and thorough text offers a fresh and up-to-date-view of the dynamic nature of contemporary psychology. The authors build a strong foundation in the fundamentals of psychology while featuring the most innovative and groundbreaking research of our day. The authors are active researchers whose work has charted new territory in the psychology landscape. Organized around a discussion of the significant achievements of psychological research, this compelling text excites students as they discover psychology from the perspective of pioneering researcher. Also featured are debates by leading authorities over hotly contested issues in contemporary psychology. With plenty of supportive pedagogy, experiments are explained in engaging detail, and the charts and figures add to an understanding of the results. This text offers an integrated biological orientation, a trend that is changing the way psychological topics are viewed, exemplified by the coverage of bio-evolutionary research. While maintaining this orientation, the pedagogical structure of the new edition has been improved in response to reviewer feedback. Additions include a more robust collection of Core Concepts (Key Terms) throughout all chapters, in-text definitions of Core Concepts, interim review summaries at the end of every major section, critical thinking questions which test students' understanding of the content, and Concept Review Tables which consolidate important subjects into one table. Other additions include engaging chapter opening paragraphs and thorough coverage of gender and cross-cultural differences.
1. THE NATURE OF PSYCHOLOGY. The Scope of Psychology. The Historical Origins of Psychology. Contemporary Psychological Perspectives. How Psychological Research Is Done. Cutting Edge Research: 21st Century Psychology. Seeing Both Sides: Are We Naturally Selfish? 2. BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY. Neurons, the Building Blocks of the Nervous System. The Organization of the Nervous System. The Endocrine System. Evolution, Genes and Behavior. Cutting Edge Research: Growing a New Brain. Seeing Both Sides: Is Aggressive Behavior Biologically or Environmentally Based? 3. PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT. Nature and Nurture. Stages of Development. Capacities of the Newborn. Cognitive Development in Childhood. Personality and Social Development. Adolescent Development. Cutting Edge Research: Massage Therapy for At-Risk Babies. Seeing Both Sides: How Instrumental Are Parents in the Development of Their Children? 4. SENSORY PROCESSES. Characteristics of Sensory Modalities. Vision. Hearing. Other Senses. Cutting Edge Research: Artificial Ears and Eyes. Seeing Both Sides: Should Opioids Be Used for Treating Chronic Pain? 5. PERCEPTION. What Is the Use of Perception? Attention. Localization. Recognition. Abstraction. Perceptual Constancies. The Neural Basis of Behavior: Division of Labor in the Brain. Perceptual Development. Cutting Edge Research: Distraction Via Virtual Reality Diminishes Severe Pain. Seeing Both Sides: Is Perceptual Development an Innate or Socially Acquired Process? 6. CONSCIOUSNESS. Aspects of Consciousness. Sleep and Dreams. Meditation. Hypnosis. Psychoactive Drugs. Psi Phenomena Cutting Edge Research: Finding the Gene for Smoking. Seeing Both Sides: Psi Phenomena. 7. LEARNING AND CONDITIONING. Perspectives on Learning. Classical Conditioning. Operant Conditioning. Complex Learning. The Neural Basis of Behavior: Learning and Conditioning. Cutting Edge Research: Building a Smarter Brain. Seeing Both Sides: Is a Predisposition to Phobias Primarily Innate, or Are Phobias a Conditioned Response? 8. MEMORY. Three Important Distinctions. Sensory Memory. Working Memory. Long-Term Memory. Implicit Memory. Constructive Memory. Improving Memory. Cutting Edge Research: An Herbal Remedy for Memory Loss? Seeing Both Sides: Are Repressed Memories Valid? 9. LANGUAGE AND THOUGHT. Language and Communication. The Development of Language. Concepts and Categorization: The Building Blocks of Thought. Reasoning. Imaginal Thought. Thought in Action: Problem Solving. Cutting Edge Research: Decision Making and the Brain. Seeing Both Sides: Does Language Direct Thought or Does Thought Direct Language? 10. MOTIVATION. Reward and Incentive Motivation. Homeostasis and Drives. Hunger. Gender and Sexuality. Cutting Edge Research: Imprinting. Seeing Both Sides: Is Sexual Orientation Innate of Socially Determined? 11. EMOTION. Components of Emotion. Cognitive Appraisal and Emotion. Subjective Experiences and Emotion. Bodily Changes and Emotion. Facial Expression and Emotion. Responses to Emotion: Emotion Regulation. Emotions, Gender, and Culture. Aggression. Cutting Edge Research: Benefits of Positive Emotions. Contemporary Voices in Psychology: How Has Nature Shaped Emotions? 12. INTELLIGENCE. Assessment of Intelligence. Contemporary Theories of Intelligence. Cutting Edge Research: Emotional Intelligence. Seeing Both Sides: Do Intelligence Tests Accurately Reflect Aptitude? 13. PERSONALITY. The Psychoanalytic Approach. The Behaviorist Approach. The Cognitive Approach. The Humanistic Approach. The Evolutionary Approach. Cutting Edge Research: Can You Change Your Personality with a Pill? Seeing Both Sides: Is Freud Still Alive? 14. STRESS, HEALTH AND COPING. Characteristics of Stressful Events. Psychological Reactions to Stress. Physiological Reactions to Stress. Psychological Factors and Stress Responses. Coping Skills. Managing Stress. Cutting Edge Research: Is Religion Good for Your Health? Seeing Both Sides: Are Optimistic Illusions Good for Your Health? 15. PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Defining Abnormality. Anxiety Disorders. Mood Disorders. Schizophrenia. Personality Disorders. Dissociative Identity Disorder. Insanity as a Legal Defense. Cutting Edge Research: The Biology of Suicide. Seeing Both Sides: Is Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Overdiagnosed? 16. TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. Historical Background. Techniques of Psychotherapy. The Effectiveness of Psychotherapy. Biological Therapies. Effects of Culture and Gender on Therapy. Enhancing Mental Health. Cutting Edge Research: Herbal Treatments for Mental Disorders. Seeing Both Sides: Is Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) an Effective Intervention for Alcohol Abuse? 17. SOCIAL INFLUENCE. The Presence of Others. Compliance and Obedience. Internalization. Group Interactions. Social Psychological Views of the Seemingly Inexplicable. Cutting Edge Research: Pluralistic Ignorance and College Drinking. Seeing Both Sides: Are the Effects of Affirmative Action Positive or Negative? 18. SOCIAL COGNITION. Impression Formation. Attitudes. Interpersonal Attraction. Recap: A Tale of Two Modes of Social Cognition. Cutting Edge Research: Culture and Cognition. Seeing Both Sides: Are the Origins of Gender Differences in Mate Selection Primarily Due to Evolution or Social Learning?