Atlantic Shorelines: Natural History and Ecology / Edition 1

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Overview

Atlantic Shorelines is an introduction to the natural history and ecology of shoreline communities on the East Coast of North America. Writing for a broad audience, Mark Bertness examines how distinctive communities of plants and animals are generated on rocky shores and in salt marshes, mangroves, and soft sediment beaches on Atlantic shorelines.

The book provides a comprehensive background for understanding the basic principles of intertidal ecology and the unique conditions faced by intertidal organisms. It describes the history of the Atlantic Coast, tides, and near-shore oceanographic processes that influence shoreline organisms; explains primary production in shoreline systems, intertidal food webs, and the way intertidal organisms survive; sets out the unusual reproductive challenges of living in an intertidal habitat, and the role of recruitment in shaping intertidal communities; and outlines how biological processes like competition, predation, facilitation, and ecosystem engineering generate the spatial structure of intertidal communities.

The last part of the book focuses on the ecology of the three main shoreline habitats—rocky shores, soft sediment beaches, and shorelines vegetated with salt marsh plants and mangroves—and discusses in detail conservation issues associated with each of them.

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Editorial Reviews

Ecology
Praise for Mark Bertness's Ecology of Atlantic Shorelines: [T]he major strength of this book is Bertness' ability to present important concepts and ideas in a conversational text, one which should be engaging to students. I think he does an excellent job in pulling together many fields of study (geology, hydrology, and ecology) in a way that shows the interconnectedness of these fields on the Atlantic shorelines.
— Mary Crowe
Wildlife Activist
Atlantic Shorelines is fairly technical and aimed at a college audience but is of interest to anyone who wants a greater understanding of our nearby Atlantic shoreline.
Biology Digest
A definite seashore man at heart, Bertness has produced a wonderful general introduction and field guide to the ecology of shoreline communities of the North American coast. . . . Hopefully, another thoughtful book such as this one will be on the horizon.
Quarterly Review of Biology
The volume is clearly written and very well referenced.... The book will be an excellent reference for students and anyone interested in shoreline environments and who wants to understand the organization and processes that govern intertidal systems.
— Larry G. Harris
Aquatic Ecology
Atlantic Shorelines is an easily readable introduction to coastal ecology, aimed at undergraduate students as well as a broader interest public. It avoids, as much as possible, jargon and mathematical formulas, and modeling is absent as well.
— Gerhard C. Cadée
Basic and Applied Ecology
This book is not another field guide to the seashore. Instead, it is a general introduction to the ecology of the Atlantic coast of North America with its predominance of rocky shores in the north and extensive salt marshes in the south. Although written primarily for students, I wish to recommend this excellent book also to investigators of other environments which have strong gradients such as from dry to wet land or the slope of high mountains.
— Karsten Reise
Fish and Fisheries
The reader will discover many new examples not contained in less recent volumes, even if they are not working on North American Atlantic shorelines. As someone who has a life-long interest in this general area I am pleased to have it on my library shelf.
— Dave Raffaelli
Quarterly Review of Biology - Larry G. Harris
The volume is clearly written and very well referenced.... The book will be an excellent reference for students and anyone interested in shoreline environments and who wants to understand the organization and processes that govern intertidal systems.
Aquatic Ecology - Gerhard C. Cadee
Atlantic Shorelines is an easily readable introduction to coastal ecology, aimed at undergraduate students as well as a broader interest public. It avoids, as much as possible, jargon and mathematical formulas, and modeling is absent as well.
Basic and Applied Ecology - Karsten Reise
This book is not another field guide to the seashore. Instead, it is a general introduction to the ecology of the Atlantic coast of North America with its predominance of rocky shores in the north and extensive salt marshes in the south. Although written primarily for students, I wish to recommend this excellent book also to investigators of other environments which have strong gradients such as from dry to wet land or the slope of high mountains.
Fish and Fisheries - Dave Raffaelli
The reader will discover many new examples not contained in less recent volumes, even if they are not working on North American Atlantic shorelines. As someone who has a life-long interest in this general area I am pleased to have it on my library shelf.
Ecology - Mary Crowe
Praise for Mark Bertness's Ecology of Atlantic Shorelines: "[T]he major strength of this book is Bertness' ability to present important concepts and ideas in a conversational text, one which should be engaging to students. I think he does an excellent job in pulling together many fields of study (geology, hydrology, and ecology) in a way that shows the interconnectedness of these fields on the Atlantic shorelines.
Aquatic Ecology - Gerhard C. Cadée
Atlantic Shorelines is an easily readable introduction to coastal ecology, aimed at undergraduate students as well as a broader interest public. It avoids, as much as possible, jargon and mathematical formulas, and modeling is absent as well.
From the Publisher
Praise for Mark Bertness's Ecology of Atlantic Shorelines: "[T]he major strength of this book is Bertness' ability to present important concepts and ideas in a conversational text, one which should be engaging to students. I think he does an excellent job in pulling together many fields of study (geology, hydrology, and ecology) in a way that shows the interconnectedness of these fields on the Atlantic shorelines."—Mary Crowe, Ecology

"Atlantic Shorelines is fairly technical and aimed at a college audience but is of interest to anyone who wants a greater understanding of our nearby Atlantic shoreline."—
Wildlife Activist

"A definite seashore man at heart, Bertness has produced a wonderful general introduction and field guide to the ecology of shoreline communities of the North American coast. . . . Hopefully, another thoughtful book such as this one will be on the horizon."—
Biology Digest

"The volume is clearly written and very well referenced.... The book will be an excellent reference for students and anyone interested in shoreline environments and who wants to understand the organization and processes that govern intertidal systems."—Larry G. Harris, Quarterly Review of Biology

"Atlantic Shorelines is an easily readable introduction to coastal ecology, aimed at undergraduate students as well as a broader interest public. It avoids, as much as possible, jargon and mathematical formulas, and modeling is absent as well."—Gerhard C. Cade, Aquatic Ecology

"This book is not another field guide to the seashore. Instead, it is a general introduction to the ecology of the Atlantic coast of North America with its predominance of rocky shores in the north and extensive salt marshes in the south. Although written primarily for students, I wish to recommend this excellent book also to investigators of other environments which have strong gradients such as from dry to wet land or the slope of high mountains."—Karsten Reise, Basic and Applied Ecology

"The reader will discover many new examples not contained in less recent volumes, even if they are not working on North American Atlantic shorelines. As someone who has a life-long interest in this general area I am pleased to have it on my library shelf."—Dave Raffaelli, Fish and Fisheries

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780691125541
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 10/16/2006
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 446
  • Sales rank: 1,267,433
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark D. Bertness is Robert P. Brown Professor of Biology and Chair of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Brown University.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xi

Chapter 1: The Setting 1
Continental Drift and the Age of the East Coast 2
Sea Level Change 5
Winter Ice 8
Barrier Islands 9
Species Origins and Invasions 11
Introduced Species 13
Tides 18
Waves and Water Movement 24
Waves Hitting the Shore 25
Effects of Shoreline Topography on Waves 27
Wave Effects on Shorelines 28
Water Movement 30
Summary 33
Further Reading 34

Chapter 2: The Economy of the Shoreline: The Production and Consumption of Resources 36
Primary Productivity 36
Bottom-up Control of Shoreline Communities 48
Top-down Control of Shoreline Communities 53
Consumer Feeding Strategies 56
Foraging Decisions 63
Prey Defenses 70
Summary 83
Further Reading 84

Chapter 3: Reproduction and Recruitment of Shoreline Organisms 86
Fertilization 87
Types of Development 94
Problems Facing Planktonic Larvae 100
Factors Regulating the Recruitment of Planktonic Larvae 112
Population and Community Effects of Variable Larval Supply 123
Summary 128
Further Reading 128

Chapter 4: Process and Pattern in Shoreline Communities 130
Zonation 130
Competitive Interactions 133
Positive Interactions 142
Consumer Effects 149
Interactions among the Forces That Shape Shoreline Communities 157
Natural Disturbance Processes 159
Mechanisms of Secondary Succession 164
Ecosystem Engineering 167
Summary 170
Further Reading 171

Chapter 5: Rocky Shores 172
Rocky Intertidal Algae 173
Rocky Intertidal Herbivores 182
Predators on Rocky Shores 195
Stresses in Rocky Intertidal Habitats 203
Zonation 215
Conservation Issues 235
Summary 238
Further Reading 239

Chapter 6: Soft-sediment Habitats 241
The Physical Habitat 242
Tidal Flat Organisms 246
Zonation in Intertidal Soft-substrate Habitats 267
Ecosystem Engineering in Soft-Sediment Habitats 283
Conservation Concerns 301
Summary 302
Further Reading 303

Chapter 7: Salt Marsh and Mangrove Communities 304
Marsh Development 305
Marsh Plant Zonation 308
Physical Stresses on Marsh Plants 322
Competition among Marsh Plants 325
Positive Feedback in Marsh Plant Communities 330
Consumer Control in Salt Marsh Systems 335
Disturbance in Marsh Plant Communities 337
Secondary Succession in Marsh Plant Communities 340
Marsh Production and Its Effect on Estuarine Habitats 344
Animals of Salt Marshes 348
Predators 365
Marshes as Nursery Grounds 366
Marsh Conservation 368
Mangrove Forests 373
Summary 380
Further Reading 382

Glossary 383
Bibliography 391
Index 423

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