The Atlantic Slave Trade: Effects on Economies, Societies and Peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe / Edition 1

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Debates over the economic, social, and political meaning of slavery and the slave trade have persisted for over two hundred years. The Atlantic Slave Trade brings clarity and critical insight to the subject. In fourteen essays, leading scholars consider the nature and impact of the transatlantic slave trade and assess its meaning for the people transported and for those who owned them.
Among the questions these essays address are: the social cost to Africa of this forced migration; the role of slavery in the economic development of Europe and the United States; the short-term and long-term effects of the slave trade on black mortality, health, and life in the New World; and the racial and cultural consequences of the abolition of slavery. Some of these essays originally appeared in recent issues of Social Science History; the editors have added new material, along with an introduction placing each essay in the context of current debates.
Based on extensive archival research and detailed historical examination, this collection constitutes an important contribution to the study of an issue of enduring significance. It is sure to become a standard reference on the Atlantic slave trade for years to come.

Contributors. Ralph A. Austen, Ronald Bailey, William Darity, Jr., Seymour Drescher, Stanley L. Engerman, David Barry Gaspar, Clarence Grim, Brian Higgins, Jan S. Hogendorn, Joseph E. Inikori, Kenneth Kiple, Martin A. Klein, Paul E. Lovejoy, Patrick Manning, Joseph C. Miller, Johannes Postma, Woodruff Smith, Thomas Wilson

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"This is cutting-edge, state of the art history-economics on the Atlantic slave trade."—Vernon Burton, University of Illinois

"[This volume] will become an important milestone in the investigation of the issue of the extent to which western modern economic growth found its impetus in slavery."—Jay R. Mandle, Colgate University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780822312437
  • Publisher: Duke University Press Books
  • Publication date: 5/28/1992
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 412
  • Product dimensions: 5.60 (w) x 8.54 (h) x 1.02 (d)

Meet the Author

Joseph E. Inikori is Professor of History and Associate Director of the Frederick Douglass Institute for African and African-American Studies at the University of Rochester.

Stanley L. Engerman is John H. Munro Professor of Economics and Professor of History at the University of Rochester.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction: Gainers and Losers in the Atlantic Slave Trade 1
Pt. I The Social Cost in Africa of Forced Migration
2 The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on the Societies of the Western Sudan 25
3 Keeping Slaves in Place: The Secret Debate on the Slavery Question in Northern Nigeria, 1900-1904 49
4 The Numbers, Origins, and Destinations of Slaves in the Eighteenth-Century Angolan Slave Trade 77
5 The Slave Trade: The Formal Demography of a Global System 117
Pt. II Atlantic Slavery and the Early Rise of the Western World
6 Slavery and the Revolution in Cotton Textile Production in England 145
7 Private Tooth Decay as Public Economic Virtue: The Slave-Sugar Triangle, Consumerism, and European Industrialization 183
8 The Slave(ry) Trade and the Development of Capitalism in the United States: The Textile Industry in New England 205
9 British Industry and the West Indies Plantations 247
Pt. III Atlantic Slavery, the World of the Slaves, and Their Enduring Legacies
10 The Dispersal of African Slaves in the West by Dutch Slave Traders, 1630-1803 283
11 Slave Importation, Runaways, and Compensation in Antigua, 1720-1729 301
12 Mortality Caused by Dehydration during the Middle Passage 321
13 The Possible Relationship between the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Hypertension in Blacks Today 339
14 The Ending of the Slave Trade and the Evolution of European Scientific Racism 361
Index 397
Contributors 411
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