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Debates over the economic, social, and political meaning of slavery and the slave trade have persisted for over two hundred years. The Atlantic Slave Trade brings clarity and critical insight to the subject. In fourteen essays, leading scholars consider the nature and impact of the transatlantic slave trade and assess its meaning for the people transported and for those who owned them.
Among the questions these essays address are: the social cost to Africa of this forced migration; the role of slavery in the economic development of Europe and the United States; the short-term and long-term effects of the slave trade on black mortality, health, and life in the New World; and the racial and cultural consequences of the abolition of slavery. Some of these essays originally appeared in recent issues of Social Science History; the editors have added new material, along with an introduction placing each essay in the context of current debates.
Based on extensive archival research and detailed historical examination, this collection constitutes an important contribution to the study of an issue of enduring significance. It is sure to become a standard reference on the Atlantic slave trade for years to come.
Contributors. Ralph A. Austen, Ronald Bailey, William Darity, Jr., Seymour Drescher, Stanley L. Engerman, David Barry Gaspar, Clarence Grim, Brian Higgins, Jan S. Hogendorn, Joseph E. Inikori, Kenneth Kiple, Martin A. Klein, Paul E. Lovejoy, Patrick Manning, Joseph C. Miller, Johannes Postma, Woodruff Smith, Thomas Wilson
|1||Introduction: Gainers and Losers in the Atlantic Slave Trade||1|
|Pt. I||The Social Cost in Africa of Forced Migration|
|2||The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on the Societies of the Western Sudan||25|
|3||Keeping Slaves in Place: The Secret Debate on the Slavery Question in Northern Nigeria, 1900-1904||49|
|4||The Numbers, Origins, and Destinations of Slaves in the Eighteenth-Century Angolan Slave Trade||77|
|5||The Slave Trade: The Formal Demography of a Global System||117|
|Pt. II||Atlantic Slavery and the Early Rise of the Western World|
|6||Slavery and the Revolution in Cotton Textile Production in England||145|
|7||Private Tooth Decay as Public Economic Virtue: The Slave-Sugar Triangle, Consumerism, and European Industrialization||183|
|8||The Slave(ry) Trade and the Development of Capitalism in the United States: The Textile Industry in New England||205|
|9||British Industry and the West Indies Plantations||247|
|Pt. III||Atlantic Slavery, the World of the Slaves, and Their Enduring Legacies|
|10||The Dispersal of African Slaves in the West by Dutch Slave Traders, 1630-1803||283|
|11||Slave Importation, Runaways, and Compensation in Antigua, 1720-1729||301|
|12||Mortality Caused by Dehydration during the Middle Passage||321|
|13||The Possible Relationship between the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Hypertension in Blacks Today||339|
|14||The Ending of the Slave Trade and the Evolution of European Scientific Racism||361|