The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference / Edition 1

The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference / Edition 1

by Jonathan Hoekstra, Jennifer L. Molnar
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520262565

ISBN-13: 9780520262560

Pub. Date: 04/22/2010

Publisher: University of California Press

Visually rich, up-to-date, and authoritative, The Atlas of Global Conservation is a premier resource for everyone concerned about the natural world. Drawing from the best data available, it is an unprecedented guide to the state of the planet and our most pressing resource and environmental issues. Top scientists at The Nature Conservancy, the leading

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Overview

Visually rich, up-to-date, and authoritative, The Atlas of Global Conservation is a premier resource for everyone concerned about the natural world. Drawing from the best data available, it is an unprecedented guide to the state of the planet and our most pressing resource and environmental issues. Top scientists at The Nature Conservancy, the leading conservation organization working around the world to protect ecologically important lands and water, have joined forces to create this extraordinary reference. It features 79 richly-detailed, fullcolor maps and other graphics paired with an informative, inviting discussion of major trends across the world’s terrestrial, marine, and freshwater environments.
Interspersed throughout, essays by noted international authorities point the way forward in confronting some of our greatest conservation challenges.

• The most comprehensive single volume on global environmental conservation and future sustainability


Includes the latest data on environmental threats, such as climate change, water use, habitat protection, deforestation and overfishing

• Full-color maps and graphics are designed to facilitate sideby-side comparisons, empowering readers to draw their own conclusions

• Brings together information that has been widely dispersed across myriad publications and databases in a format thatinvites evaluation and application

• Supporting data is available on an accompanying website

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520262560
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
04/22/2010
Pages:
272
Sales rank:
963,112
Product dimensions:
8.80(w) x 11.16(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments x

FOREWORD • A NEW VIEW OF OUR HOME xii
Mark Tercek, The Nature Conservancy

FOREWORD • CONSERVATION CONNECTIONS xiv
Paul R. Ehrlich, Stanford University, Stanford University

1.
Introduction 1

WHY ECOREGIONS? 6
Taylor Ricketts, World Wildlife Fund

Terrestrial Ecoregions, Realms, and Biomes 8

Freshwater Ecoregions and Basins 10

Marine Ecoregions, Provinces, and Realms 12

THE STORIES THAT MAPS TELL 14
Jon Christensen, Stanford University

2. Habitats 19

Forests and Woodlands: Giving Trees 22

Grasslands: Where the Buffalo Roamed 24

Deserts and Aridlands: Hardy Life under Harsh Conditions 26

Rivers and Wetlands: The Planet’s Lifeblood 28

Lakes: Fragile Pools of Life 30

Caves and Karst: Troves of Subterranean Species 32

HOPE IN HABITATS 34
Steven J. McCormick, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Coasts and Shelves: The Sea’s Sunlit Margins 36

Coral Reefs: Crown Jewels of the Ocean 38

Mangrove Forests: Bridging Land and Sea 40

Seagrass Beds: Marine Meadows 42

Salt Marshes: Living Filters along Our Coasts 44

High Seas and Deep Oceans: Earth’s Uncharted "
Inner Space" 46

3. Species 49

Plants: A Vital Variety 52

Freshwater Fish: A Diverse Cast 54

Amphibians: Fragile Markers of the Planet’s Health 56

Reptiles: Prehistoric Survivors 58

MIGRATIONS 60
Martin Wikelski, Max Planck
Institute for Ornithology and Konstaz University, and David S. Wilcove, Princeton University

Birds: Everyday, Everywhere Wildlife 64

Mammals: Shared Destiny with Our Closest Kin 66

Endemic Species:
In the Narrowest Niches 68

Evolutionary Distinction: Branches on the Tree of Life 70

PROMOTING LIVELIHOODS, SAVING NATURE 72
Greg Mock, former editor, World Resources Report

4. A World of Change 75

Human Population: Outnumbering Nature 78

Consuming Nature: Running Out of Planet? 80

Climate Change: The Planetary Emergency 82

ULTIMATE AGENTS OF GLOBAL CHANGE 84
Joel E. Cohen, Rockefeller and Columbia Universities

Habitat Loss on Land: Going, Going,… 88

Coastal Development: Reshaping the Seashore 90

Bottom Trawling and Dredging: Scouring the Seafloor 92

Landscape Fragmentation: Going to Pieces 94

Thwarted Fish Runs: Up against a Wall 96

GLOBAL CONTAMINATION OF THE BIOSPHERE 98
John Peterson Myers, Environmental Health Sciences

Freshwater Pollution: Clear but Hazardous 102

Nitrogen Pollution: Too Much of a Good Thing 104

Ruin of the Reefs: Fading Jewels, Lost Wealth 106


Into the Wild: The Cost of Expanding Human Access 108

POVERTY AND NATURE'S SERVICES 110
M. Sanjayan, The Nature Conservancy

Forest Clearing: Uprooting Nature 112

Water Stress: Overused and Undermanaged 114

Overfishing: Emptying the Oceans 116

Wildlife Trade: Sold into Extinction 118

FUTURE OF FISHERIES 120
Jackie Alder, United Nations Environment Programme, and Daniel Pauly, University of British Columbia

Fire: Healthy Doses of Destruction 122

Dams and Reservoirs: Clogging Earth’s Arteries 124

Sediment Flow: Starving Some Habitats, Smothering Others 126

Melting Ice and Rising Seas: Squeezing the Coasts 128

Disappearing Glaciers: Ice Storage on a Slippery Slope 130

NATURE CONSERVATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE 132
Jonathan M. Hoekstra, The Nature Conservancy

Terrestrial
Invaders: Unwelcome Guests 134

Freshwater
Invaders: Good
Intentions with Costly Consequences 136

Marine
Invaders: Stowaways Attacking Our Coasts 138

Terrestrial Animals at Risk: More in Jeopardy Each Year 140

Freshwater Animals at Risk: Are Their Futures Drying Up? 142

Marine Animals at Risk: Sea Life Unraveling 144

5. Taking Action 147

Protected Areas on Land: Triumph for Nature 150

Protecting Rivers, Lakes, and Wetlands: Thinking beyond Park Boundaries 152

Marine Protected Areas: Oases for Fish and People 154

Protecting Nature’s Services: Dividends from the Wealth of Nature 156

CONVERGENT CONSERVATION 158
Scott A. Morrison, The Nature Conservancy


International Cooperation: Saving the Whales—and More 160

Greening the Marketplace: Certifiably Profitable 162

Collaborative Solutions: Problem-Solving Partnerships 164

CONSERVATION ON OUR WATCH 166
Gretchen C. Daily, Marilyn Cornelius, and Charles J. Katz, Jr., Stanford University, and Brian Shillinglaw, New Forests,
Inc.

Rule of Law: Protecting the Commons 168


Individual Action: Parting the Waters 170

Restoring Nature: Mending the Web of Life 172

6. Conclusion Our Future, Our Choices 175

Appendix A: Ecoregions
Index Maps 180
Appendix B: Technical Notes and References 200

Index 229
About the authors 234

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