Atmospheric Boundary Layers: Nature, Theory, and Application to Environmental Modelling and Security / Edition 1

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Overview

This collection of peer reviewed papers represents a concise, up-to-date summary of recent progress in planetary boundary layer (PBL) physics and its basic applications. As such, it makes a major contribution to the exchange of knowledge and ideas between physicists, meteorologists and environmental modellers and sets out the course to be followed in subsequent researches, in particular, those aiming to improve PBL parameterizations in climate, numerical weather prediction, air quality, emergency preparedness and other environmental models.

Major themes covered are: Nature and theory of turbulent boundary layers; modelling of boundary-layer flows; application to environmental security; Air flows within and above urban and other complex canopies; Air-sea-ice interactions.

The NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, 18-22 April 2006, that gave rise to this book, was attended by 57 scientists drawn from 21 countries on four continents. It was dedicated to Professor Sergej Zilitinkevich reached the milestone age of 70 - in recognition of his outstanding career. A substantial number of papers comprising the book are based on or linked to his fundamental works.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780387743189
  • Publisher: Springer New York
  • Publication date: 11/28/2007
  • Edition description: 2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 246
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Editorial
Atmospheric boundary layers: nature, theory and applications to environmental modelling and security   A. Baklanov   B. Grisogono     1
Original Papers
Some modern features of boundary-layer meteorology: a birthday tribute for Sergej Zilitinkevich   G.D. Djolov     5
Energy- and flux-budget (EFB) turbulence closure model for stably stratified flows. Part I: steady-state, homogeneous regimes   S.S. Zilitinkevich   T. Elperin   N. Kleeorin   I. Rogachevskii     11
Similarity theory and calculation of turbulent fluxes at the surface for the stably stratified atmospheric boundary layer   S.S. Zilitinkevich   I.N. Esau     37
Application of a large-eddy simulation database to optimisation of first-order closures for neutral and stably stratified boundary layers   I.N. Esau   O. Byrkjedal     51
The effect of mountainous topography on moisture exchange between the "surface" and the free atmosphere   A.P. Weigel   F.K. Chow   M.W. Rotach     71
The influence of nonstationarity on the turbulent flux-gradient relationship for stable stratification   L. Mahrt     89
Chemical perturbations in the planetary boundary layer and their relevance for chemistry transport modelling   A. Ebel   M. Memmesheimer   H.J.Jakobs     109
Theoretical considerations of meandering winds in simplified conditions   A.G.O. Goulart   G.A. Degrazia   O.C. Acevedo   D. Anfossi     123
Aerodynamic roughness of the sea surface at high winds   V.N. Kudryavtsev   V.K. Makin     133
Modelling dust distributions in the atmospheric boundary layer on Mars   P.A. Taylor   P.-Y. Li   D.V. Michelangeli   J. Pathak   W. Weng     149
On the turbulent Prandtl number in the stable atmospheric boundary layer   A.A. Grachev   E.L. Andreas   C.W. Fairall   P.S. Guest   P.O.G. Persson     173
Micrometeorological observations of a microburst in southern Finland   L. Jarvi   A.-J. Punkka   D.M. Schultz   T. Petaja   H. Hohti   J. Rinne   T. Pohja   M. Kulmala   P. Hari   T. Vesala     187
Role of land-surface temperature feedback on model performance for the stable boundary layer   A.A.M. Holtslag   G.J. Steeneveld   B.J.H. van de Wiel     205
Katabatic flow with Coriolis effect and gradually varying eddy diffusivity   I. Kavcic   B. Grisogono     221
Parameterisation of the planetary boundary layer for diagnostic wind models   M. Burlando   E. Georgieva   C.F. Ratto     233
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