Attention / Edition 1

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Overview

Attention: Theory and Practice provides a balance between a readable overview of attention and an emphasis on how theories and paradigms for the study of attention have developed. The book highlights the important issues and major findings while giving sufficient details of experimental studies, models, and theories so that results and conclusions are easy to follow and evaluate. Rather than brushing over tricky technical details, the authors explain them clearly, giving readers the benefit of understanding the motivation for and techniques of the experiments in order to allow readers to think through results, models, and theories for themselves.

Attention is an accessible text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology, as well as an important resource for researchers and practitioners interested in gaining an overview of the field of attention.

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Editorial Reviews

Steven Yantis
"The book is well-organized and comprehensive in covering the essential material. The inclusion of human factors material is a strength that is not covered in other books. . . . The book is a balanced survey which will be of value to graduate students or anyone wanting to enter the field and needing a broad overview. "
Mark Faust
"My overall impression is that the authors have combined their expertise and experience in the classroom to provide a text that will clearly cover attention more completely and in a more coherent and less confusing manner than any other available text. . .this is the best available text on the psychology of attention at the advanced undergraduate level. "
Tom Busey
"This text represents a strong review of the empirical and theoretical developments in attention work. "
Richard Carlson
"A nice overview of the ‘classic’ work on attention, with up-to-date consideration of the literature, usefully bringing together some more applied literatures in which attention is a central construct…The scholarship seems comprehensive and up-to-date, and the authors do a nice job of presenting research in a fair and neutral manner. "
Art Kramer
"The chapters present the material at a level appropriate for a first course on attention. The focus on providing a comprehensive treatment of the highlights of a variety of different topics related to attention is a strength. "
Deccan Herald
"The work highlights the important issues and major findings while giving sufficient details of experimental studies, models, and theories so that results and conclusions are easy to follow and evaluate. The collection is balanced, adaptable and pedagogical with brief chapter previews, summaries, highlighted key words etc., thus making it an interesting reading for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in psychology as well as important resource for researchers and practitioners. "
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780761927617
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 12/19/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 490
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 0.99 (d)

Meet the Author

Addie Johnson is Professor of Human Performance and Ergonomics at the University of Groningen, The Netherlands. She received her Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology from Purdue University in 1993 and has been teaching and conducting research in the field of attention and human performance for over 10 years. She has taught courses on attention to over 1,000 students and thus brings broad experience to bear in writing this text for a student audience. After five years as Assistant Professor in Human Factors Psychology at Rice University (with a year off as visiting scientist at the Institute of Occupational Physiology at the University of Dortmund, Germany), she moved to the University of Utrecht, The Netherlands, where she remained until moving to the University of Groningen in 2002. In addition to conducting research in attention, memory, and skill acquisition, with applications in the field of ergonomics, Dr. Johnson is active in several professional societies and has served on a number of editorial boards. She is currently Secretary of the Dutch Ergonomics Society. Attention: Theory and Practice is the second book she has co-authored with Robert W. Proctor. The first, Skill Acquisition and Human Performance, was published by Sage in 1995. Together, Drs. Johnson and Proctor bring a strong theoretical orientation as well as interest and experience in ergonomic applications to their new book.

Robert Proctor is Professor of Psychology at Purdue University at West Lafayette. He received his Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Texas at Arlington in 1975. Dr. Proctor has been teaching and conducting research in the field of attention and human performance for nearly 30 years. He conducts research on basic and applied aspects of human performance, with an emphasis on stimulus-response compatibility effects and the relation between perception and action. Dr. Proctor is member of several journal editorial boards. He has co-authored four books and co-edited two. Attention: Theory and Practice is his second book with Dr. Addie Johnson; the first, Skill Acquisition and Human Performance, was published by Sage in 1995. Together, these two authors brought an integrated perspective and broad experience to bear in crafting this book. Dr. Proctor is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society and an honorary fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

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Table of Contents

1. Historical Overview of Research on Attention - with Kim-Phuong L. Vu
The Philosophical Period
The Period from 1860 to 1909
The Period from 1910 to 1949
The Period from 1950 to 1974
The Period from 1975 to Present
Summary & Preview of the Book
2. Information Processing & the Study of Attention
The Information Processing Approach
Mental Resources
Behavioral Measures
Signal Detection Methods
Psychophysiological Measures
Brain Imaging Techniques
Summary
3. Selective Visual Attention
The Function of Selective Attention
The Locus of Selection
The Spotlight of Attention
Exogenous & Endogenous Orienting
Space-based versus Object-based Attention
Visual Search
Combining Object- and Space-based Selection in Theories of Visual Attention
Summary
4. Auditory & Crossmodal Attention
Auditory Selective Attention
Divided Auditory Attention
Alerting & Orienting Functions of Auditory
Attention
Attentional Set
Cross-modal Attention
Summary
5. Attention & Inhibition
Types of Inhibition
(Attempted) Inhibition of Irrelevant Information
Inhibition of Return
Visual Marking
Negative Priming
Inhibition of Thought & Action
Responding to a Signal to Stop
Summary.
6. Multiple-Task Performance
Managing Attentional Resources
Setting Goals & Intentions
Control of Multi-step Tasks
Intentional Control & Multitasking
Attention & Skill
A Closer Look at Dual-task Performance
Summary
7. Memory & Attention - with Mark Nieuwenstein
Sensory Memory
Working Memory
The Role of Attention in Encoding & Retrieval
Memory Consolidation & Attention
The Bottleneck Model Revisited
Procedural Memory
Implicit Learning
Attention, Memory, & Skill
Summary
8. Attention & Displays - with Kim-Phuong L. Vu
Visual Displays
Organization of Displays
Auditory & Multisensory Displays
Supervisory Control
Complex Tasks & Display Arrangements
Sustained Attention & Vigilance
Summary
9. Mental Workload & Situation Awareness
Processing Resources
Processing Strategies
Measuring Mental Workload
Situation Awareness
Human Error
Summary
10. Individual Differences in Attention
Attentional Ability
Attention & Intelligence
Intra-individual Differences in Attention
Attention Across the Lifespan
Training & Attention
Attention, & Memory & Emotion
Summary
11. The Neural Basis of Attention - Robert Melara
Tools of the Cognitive Neuroscientist
Mismatch Negativity: The Automatic Detection of Change
Selective Attention
The Duality of Selection
The Sources of Selective Control
The Sites of Selective Control
Attentional Networks
Summary.
12. Disorders of Attention - with Edward de Haan & Roy Kessels
Developmental Attention Disorders
Attention Deficits Due to Focal Lesions & Hemorrhage
Attention Deficits Following Diffuse Injury
Measuring Attention Deficits
Dementia
Attention Deficits in Psychiatric Patients
Treatment of Attention Deficits
Summary
References

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