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The Code, and how to use it
The voluminous 2005 National Electrical Code (NEC)? affects many disciplines, but what you need to know is how it influences your work as an installer. Organized by the type of wiring involved, this indispensable guide extracts and explains only the information that applies to installation. It's a practical reference that highlights what's new, ...
The Code, and how to use it
The voluminous 2005 National Electrical Code (NEC)? affects many disciplines, but what you need to know is how it influences your work as an installer. Organized by the type of wiring involved, this indispensable guide extracts and explains only the information that applies to installation. It's a practical reference that highlights what's new, what's changed, and what you must do to comply.
* Understand your responsibilities under the 2005 NEC
* Become familiar with new guidelines for required circuits and load calculations
* Learn new grounding definitions and requirements for feeder panels
* Identify the types of conduit and tubing needed for various installations
* Recognize where guidelines for lighting fixtures have changed
* Quickly locate code sections relating to HVAC, home appliances, swimming pools, and communication systems
* See how to bring old installations up to code
General Requirements (Article 110)
The first requirement of the National Electrical Code is that all installations must be performed "in a neat and workman-like manner." In other words, all electrical installation requirements presuppose an installer who is concerned, informed, and thinking. Without this prerequisite, any other requirements are close to worthless. This requirement gives the inspector a lot of discretion to make broad interpretations. And as unpleasant as that can be at times, it is necessary. Even as comprehensive as the Code is, it cannot encompass all human actions. So, the inspector must have some room for judgment based upon circumstances.
Basic Requirements (Article 110)
Every electrical installer should periodically review the following basic requirements:
All unused openings in boxes, cabinets, etc., must be filled.
All equipment must be securely mounted. Wooden plugs in masonry are not allowed.
Panelboards and other exposed buswork must be protected from paint, plaster, or other similar materials during the construction process.
Conductors in manholes must be racked to provide a reasonable amount of access space.
Free circulation of air around electrical equipment, especially equipment that requires such air flow forsufficient heat removal, can't be obstructed.
All electrical connections must be made with devices that are listed and clearly marked as suitable for the intended use.
Conductors must be spliced with suitable splicing devices, or by soldering, brazing, or welding. Soldered splices must first be joined, so that the splice is not dependent on the solder for mechanical or electrical strength. All splices must be covered with insulation equivalent to that of the conductors.
Wire connectors (lugs, wire nuts, etc.) must be rated no lower than the operating temperature of the conductors with which they are used.
A reasonable amount of working space must be provided around all electrical equipment. Generally, the minimum is 3 feet. Table 110.26(A)(1) shows specific requirements.
Lighting, enough to work on the equipment, must be provided in the areas around electrical equipment.
Except for panels of 200 amps or less in dwelling units, there must be a minimum head space in front of electrical panels of 7 feet.
All live parts operating at over 50 volts must be guarded against accidental contact by persons or objects. See Section 110.31 for operation at over 600 volts. This is most often accomplished by:
Locating the equipment in a room that is accessible only to qualified persons.
Installing permanent and effective partitions or screens.
Locating the equipment on a balcony or platform that will exclude unqualified persons.
Locating the equipment 8 feet or more from the floor.
Guards must be installed to protect electrical equipment from physical damage where necessary.
Entrances to rooms or areas where there are live parts must have a sign posted forbidding unqualified persons from entering.
All disconnecting means (service, feeder, or branch circuit) must be marked, showing the purpose. This is not required if the purpose of the disconnecting means is obvious.
Exposed parts of high- and medium-voltage systems must have adequate clearance above working spaces. Table 110.34(E) in the NEC lists these distances.
Use of Grounded Conductors (Article 200)
All premises wiring systems must have a grounded conductor, except where the NEC specifically permits otherwise.
A grounded conductor must have insulation that is equal to that of any ungrounded conductors it is used with.
A grounded premises wiring system must receive its power from a grounded supply system.
A grounded conductor No. 6 or smaller must be covered with white or natural gray insulation (Figure 1.1), except:
1. Fixture wires.
2. Aerial cables can use a ridge on the grounded conductor, rather than a different color of insulation.
3. Where only qualified persons will have access to the conductors, colored conductors can be taped or painted white or gray at their terminations.
4. Grounded conductors in MI cables can be identified otherwise. Figure 1.1 Method of identifying grounded conductors.
Grounded conductors No. 4 or larger can be identified either by having white or gray insulation, by having three longitudinal stripes 120 degrees apart, or by having a white marking at terminations.
If grounded conductors of different systems are installed in common boxes, raceways, etc., the first system must be marked as above, the second system's grounded conductor must be identified by having white insulation with a colored (but not green) tracer, and any other systems must have their own means of identification.
Cables to switches can use the grounded (white) conductor to bring power to the switch, but not from the switch (Figure 1.2).
Terminals used specifically for grounding conductors must be identified by a color sufficiently different from that used for other terminals.
For devices with screwshells, the grounded conductor must be connected to the screwshell, not to the tab, as shown in Figure 1.3.
Excerpted from Audel Installation Requirements of the 2005 National Electrical Code by Paul Rosenberg Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Chapter 1: General Requirements.
Chapter 2: Branch Circuits.
Chapter 3: Feeders.
Chapter 4: Services.
Chapter 5: Overcurrent Protection.
Chapter 6: Grounding.
Chapter 7: Wiring Requirements.
Chapter 8: Wiring in Cable.
Chapter 9: Wiring in Conduit.
Chapter 10: Raceways and Wireways.
Chapter 11: Busways.
Chapter 12: Outlet and Pull Boxes.
Chapter 13: Switches and Switchboards.
Chapter 14: Cords.
Chapter 15: Lighting Fixtures.
Chapter 16: Receptacles.
Chapter 17: Appliances.
Chapter 18: Motors and Controllers.
Chapter 19: HVAC Equipment.
Chapter 20: Generators.
Chapter 21: Transformers.
Chapter 22: Capacitors, Resistors, and Batteries.
Chapter 23: Hazardous Locations.
Chapter 24: Service Stations.
Chapter 25: Bulk Storage Plants.
Chapter 26: Spray Areas.
Chapter 27: Health Care Facilities.
Chapter 28: Places of Assembly, Theaters, Motion Picture and Television Studios.
Chapter 29: Signs.
Chapter 30: Manufactured Wiring Systems.
Chapter 31: Mobile Homes and RV Parks.
Chapter 32: Data Processing Areas.
Chapter 33: Swimming Pools.
Chapter 34: Solar Electric Systems.
Chapter 35: Emergency Systems.
Chapter 36: High Voltage.
Chapter 37: Low Voltage.
Chapter 38: Fiber-Optic Cables.
Chapter 39: Communications.
Chapter 40: Special Installations.