Audel Refrigeration Home and Commercial (Technical Trades Series): 5th Edition / Edition 5

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Overview

Know how to put a chill in the air

Here at last is a reference manual devoted exclusively to refrigeration, both home and commercial. Beginning with the essential physics and math, it provides a complete course in maintaining, troubleshooting, and repairing both new and vintage refrigeration systems for home and light industry. You'll find the answers you need, whether you're a student, apprentice, cost-conscious homeowner, or skilled technician.
* Know how different types of refrigerants are used and how to handle them safely
* Perform routine maintenance on various types of compressors
* Test for leakage and resolve common problems such as freeze-ups
* Repair and replace refrigerator cabinet parts
* Troubleshoot common problems with home freezers
* Understand the working parts of both electrically driven and absorption-type refrigeration units
* Learn to troubleshoot and maintain the wide variety of motors used in cooling devices
* Service and repair automatic icemakers, water coolers, and display cases

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780764571176
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 9/28/2004
  • Series: Audel Technical Trades Series , #25
  • Edition description: All New 5th Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 768
  • Sales rank: 1,176,774
  • Product dimensions: 5.30 (w) x 8.18 (h) x 1.58 (d)

Meet the Author

Rex Miller was a Professor of Industrial Technology at The State University of New York, College at Buffalo for more than 35 years. He has taught on the technical school, high school, and college level for more than 40 years. He is the author or coauthor of more than 100 textbooks ranging from electronics through carpentry and sheet metal work. He has contributed more than 50 magazine articles over the years to technical publications. He is also the author of seven civil war regimental histories.

Mark Richard Miller finished his B.S. degree in New York and moved on to Ball State University, where he obtained the Master’s degree. He went to work in San Antonio. He taught high school and went to graduate school in College Station, Texas, where he finished the Doctorate. He took a position at Texas A&M University in Kingsville, Texas, where he now teaches in the Industrial Technology Department as a Professor and Department Chairman. He has coauthored 11 books and contributed many articles to technical magazines. His hobbies include refinishing a 1970 Plymouth Super Bird and a 1971 Road-Runner.

Edwin P. Anderson was a professional engineer and the author of numerous books for the trades, including air conditioning, sheet metal, home appliance, and electrical.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsxxv
About the Authorxxvii
Introductionxxix
Chapter 1Fundamentals of Refrigeration1
Applications of Refrigeration1
Physical Units2
Atmospheric, Absolute, and Gage Pressures8
Boyle's Law for Perfect Gases10
Charles's Law11
Power and Work15
Units of Power15
Energy16
Theory of Heat17
Thermometers19
Absolute Zero21
Units of Heat22
Specific Heat23
Latent Heat27
Latent Heat of Evaporation30
Refrigerants31
Evaporation34
Pressure34
Pressure-Temperature Relations37
Heat Transmission40
Condensation43
Altitudes and Refrigeration Capacity46
Basic Systems49
Laws of Gases50
The Refrigeration Cycle52
Pressure53
Summary54
Review Questions54
Chapter 2Refrigerants57
Desirable Properties57
Freon Refrigerants58
Sulfur Dioxide63
Methyl Chloride64
Ammonia65
Carbon Dioxide65
Leak Detection66
Pressure-Temperature Chart67
Care in Handling Refrigerants69
Handling Refrigerant Cylinders69
Refrigerant Containers70
A Simple Refrigeration System71
Summary72
Review Questions74
Chapter 3Compressors77
How the Compressor Works77
Reciprocating Compressors77
Rotary Compressors83
Hermetic Compressors84
Centrifugal Compressors87
System Precautions89
Compressor Maintenance90
Open-Type Compressor Maintenance and Service92
Running-Time Check98
Compression Ratio99
Energy Consumption100
Refrigeration-System Lubricants100
Compressor Calculations102
Safety Precautions111
Summary112
Review Questions113
Chapter 4Domestic Refrigeration115
The Refrigeration Cycle115
Compressors118
Condensers118
Drier-Strainer119
Capillary Tubes120
Evaporators121
Accumulators124
Energy-Conservation Measures124
Schematic Diagrams129
Summary129
Review Questions130
Chapter 5Absorption System for Domestic Refrigeration131
Principle of Operation131
Absorption-Refrigeration Cycle132
The Flue System135
Gas-Control Devices135
Electrical Accessories141
Installation and Service142
Refrigerator Unit Removal and Replacement150
Refrigerator Maintenance151
Absorption-Refrigeration Troubleshooting Guide158
Summary162
Review Questions162
Chapter 6Thermoelectric Cooling165
Performance of Thermoelectric Couples165
Advantages and Applications of Thermoelectric Cooling166
Summary172
Review Questions173
Chapter 7Refrigeration Service Equipment and Tools175
Service Valves175
Combination Gage Set178
Sealed Systems180
Expansion-Valve Units187
Leak Testing195
Service Tools198
Making a Hand Bend205
Copper Tubing211
Silver Brazing214
Summary216
Review Questions217
Chapter 8Domestic Refrigeration Operation and Service219
Sealed-System Operation219
Electrical Testing226
Replacing Controls235
Calibrating Controls236
Replacing System Components237
Evaporator Cooling Fan241
Temperature-Control Service243
Refrigeration Troubleshooting Guide244
Summary244
Review Questions253
Chapter 9Household-Cabinet Defrosting Systems255
Manual Defrosting255
Automatic Defrosting256
Defrost-Thermostat Testing264
Summary276
Review Questions277
Chapter 10Cabinet Maintenance and Repairs279
Testing Door Tightness279
Door Replacement281
Summary287
Review Questions288
Chapter 11Household Freezers289
Cycle of Operation289
Characteristics of a Capillary-Tube System290
Electrical System291
Upright Freezers297
Household Freezer Troubleshooting Guide302
Summary307
Review Questions308
Chapter 12Styles of Domestic Refrigerators and Food Arrangement311
Food Arrangement311
Door Openings314
Warm-Weather Effect315
Cooling-Coil Frosting315
Cleaning316
Odor Prevention316
Summary316
Review Questions317
Chapter 13Installation Methods319
Uncrating and Locating the Unit319
Installation of Absorption-Type Refrigerators320
Summary325
Review Questions325
Chapter 14Compressor Lubrication System327
Motor Lubrication327
Compressor Lubrication328
Servicing Data333
Summary337
Review Questions338
Chapter 15Refrigeration Control Devices341
Automatic Expansion Valves342
Thermostatic Expansion Valves344
Capillary-Tube Systems353
Domestic Electrical Systems357
Temperature Control by Suction Pressure362
Servicing Valves363
Summary364
Review Questions364
Chapter 16The Electrical System367
Units of Electricity367
The Electric Circuit368
Direct Current369
Single- and Three-Phase Current370
Energy376
Motor Efficiency376
Pulley Speed and Sizes380
Alternating-Current Motors382
Single-Phase Motors387
Motor-Compressor Controls391
Oil-Pressure Controls394
Temperature Controls396
Defrost Controls400
Electrical-System Maintenance401
Compressor Motor Replacement403
Electrical System Troubleshooting Guide407
Summary413
Review Questions414
Chapter 17Commercial Refrigeration Principles417
Effect of Pressure on Refrigerants418
Essential Parts of a Refrigeration Plant418
Condensers, Fittings, and Accessories422
Cooling-Water Requirements424
Cooling-System Components430
Refrigeration-System Operation438
Compressor Troubleshooting Guide441
Commercial Uses for Absorption Refrigeration444
Summary445
Review Questions446
Chapter 18Brine Systems447
Indirect Refrigeration System447
Brine450
Brine-System Corrosion452
Preparing New Brine456
Summary457
Review Questions457
Chapter 19Ice-Making Systems459
Air Piping459
Ice Cans460
Plate-Ice Systems466
Automatic Icemakers468
Dry Ice469
Ice-Making Calculations471
Ice Storage473
Summary486
Review Questions487
Chapter 20Supermarket and Grocery Refrigeration489
Display Cases489
Walk-in Coolers505
Frozen-Meat Storage509
Chilling Fresh-Killed Meat510
Packaged Meat510
Summary511
Review Questions511
Chapter 21Locker Plants513
Locker-Plant Construction513
Design Considerations513
Insulation Requirements516
Equipment and Controls517
Summary524
Review Questions525
Chapter 22Special Refrigeration Applications527
Water Coolers527
Ice Cream Refrigeration535
Bottle and Can Beverage Coolers540
Milk Coolers540
Servicing and Repair542
Milk Pasteurization545
Summary547
Review Questions547
Chapter 23Cold-Storage Practice549
Quick Freezing549
Food Preparation for Quick Freezing550
Summary547
Review Questions547
Chapter 24Fans and Blowers559
Propeller Fans560
Centrifugal Fans560
Fan Characteristics560
Power Requirements561
Motor Types561
Fan Selection562
Summary563
Review Questions563
Chapter 25Refrigeration Piping565
Pressure-Drop Considerations565
Liquid Refrigerant Lines565
Interconnection of Suction Lines567
Discharge Lines568
Water Valves569
Multiple-Unit Installation570
Pipe Connections575
Piping Insulation577
Summary582
Review Questions583
Chapter 26Commercial Absorption Systems585
Absorption-Refrigeration Cycles585
Basic Absorption-Refrigeration Cycle588
Practical Absorption-Refrigeration Cycles590
Characteristics of the Refrigerant-Absorbent Pair592
Solar Cooling601
Summary605
Review Questions606
Chapter 27Circulating Pumps607
Rotary Pumps607
Centrifugal Pumps609
Reciprocating Pumps612
Power Requirements612
Pump Maintenance613
Summary615
Review Questions616
Chapter 28Installation and Operation619
Foundations619
Installing Belt-Driven Compressors622
Installing Direct-Connected, Motor-Driven Compressors623
Leak Testing624
Dehydration and Evacuation625
Moisture Indicators627
Charging the System627
Summary630
Review Questions630
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