Audiovisual Archives: Digital Text and Discourse Analysis

Overview

Today, audiovisual archives and libraries have become very popular especially in the field of collecting, preserving and transmitting cultural heritage. However, the data in these archives or libraries - videos, images, soundtracks, etc. - constitute as such only potential cognitive resources for a given public (or “target community”). One of the most crucial issues of digital audiovisual libraries is indeed to enable users to actively appropriate audiovisual resources for their own concern (in research, ...

See more details below
Hardcover
$150.28
BN.com price
(Save 8%)$165.00 List Price
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (6) from $131.31   
  • New (5) from $131.31   
  • Used (1) from $151.92   
Sending request ...

Overview

Today, audiovisual archives and libraries have become very popular especially in the field of collecting, preserving and transmitting cultural heritage. However, the data in these archives or libraries - videos, images, soundtracks, etc. - constitute as such only potential cognitive resources for a given public (or “target community”). One of the most crucial issues of digital audiovisual libraries is indeed to enable users to actively appropriate audiovisual resources for their own concern (in research, education or any other professional or non-professional context). This means, an adaptation of the audiovisual data to the specific needs of a user or user group can be represented by small and closed "communities" as well as by networks of open communities around the globe.
"Active appropriation" is, basically speaking, the use of existing digital audiovisual resources by users or user communities according to their expectations, needs, interests or desires. This process presupposes: 1) the definition and development of models or "scenarios" of cognitive processing of videos by the user; 2) the availability of tools necessary for defining, developing, reusing and sharing meta-linguistic resources such as thesauruses, ontologies or description models by users or user communities.
Both aspects are central to the so-called semiotic turn in dealing with digital (audiovisual) texts, corpora of texts or again entire (audiovisual) archives and libraries. They demonstrate practically and theoretically the well-known “from data to metadata” or “from (simple) information to (relevant) knowledge” problem, which obviously directly influences the effective use, social impact and relevancy, and therefore also the future, of digital knowledge archives. This book offers a systematic, comprehensive approach to these questions from a theoretical as well as practical point of view.

Contents

Part 1. The Practical, Technical and Theoretical Context
1. Analysis of an Audiovisual Resource.
2. The Audiovisual Semiotic Workshop (ASW) Studio – A Brief Presentation.
3. A Concrete Example of a Model for Describing Audiovisual Content.
4. Model of Description and Task of Analysis.
Part 2. Tasks in Analyzing an Audiovisual Corpus
5. The Analytical Task of “Describing the Knowledge Object”.
6. The Analytical Task of “Contextualizing the Domain of Knowledge”.
7. The Analytical Task of “Analyzing the Discourse Production around a Subject”.
Part 3. Procedures of Description
8. Definition of the Domain of Knowledge and Configuration of the Topical Structure.
9. The Procedure of Free Description of an Audiovisual Corpus.
10. The Procedure of Controlled Description of an Audiovisual Corpus.
Part 4. The ASW System of Metalinguistic Resources
11. An Overview of the ASW Metalinguistic Resources.
12. The Meta-lexicon Representing the ASW Universe of Discourse.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781848213937
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 7/3/2012
  • Series: ISTE Series , #697
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Part 1 The Practical, Technical and Theoretical Context 1

Chapter 1 Analysis of an Audiovisual Resource 3

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Functionally different corpora 4

1.3 Descriptive models 10

1.4 On the activity of analysis of audiovisual corpora 12

1.5 On the activity of indexation 14

1.6 Some reflections on the subject of the theoretical reference framework 15

Chapter 2 The Audiovisual Semiotic Workshop (ASW) Studio - A Brief Presentation 23

2.1 A working environment for analyzing corpora of audiovisual texts 23

2.2 Brief presentation of the ASW Description Workshop 27

2.3 Four approaches to analyzing an audiovisual text 33

2.4 Models of description and interactive working forms 36

Chapter 3 A Concrete Example of a Model for Describing Audiovisual Content 39

3.1 Introduction 39

3.2 Selecting the appropriate model from the library of descriptive models of description of audiovisual content 40

3.3 The sequences in a model of content description 43

3.4 Field of description and sequential organization of an analytical form 46

3.5 The level of schemas of definition and procedures of description 48

Chapter 4 Model of Description and Task of Analysis 51

4.1 Introduction 51

4.2 The structural organization of a model of audiovisual content description 52

4.3 The canonic syntagmatic order of a form of description 54

4.4 Types of analysis, analytical tasks, procedures of description and activities of description 58

4.5 Particular tasks in analyzing the content of an audiovisual corpus 61

4.6 Concluding remarks 63

Part 2 Tasks in Analyzing an Audiovisual Corpus 65

Chapter 5 The Analytical Task of "Describing the Knowledge Object" 67

5.1 Introduction 67

5.2 A simple example of referential description 68

5.3 Thematic structure, topical structure and referential objects 70

5.4 A library of sequences for referential description 73

5.5 Alternative functional architectures to define sequences of referential description 76

Chapter 6 The Analytical Task of "Contextualizing the Domain of Knowledge" 81

6.1 Introduction 81

6.2 Contextualization by spatial location 82

6.3 Location and contextualization by country 84

6.4 Geographical-physical location and contextualization 88

6.5 Contextualization by temporal location 93

6.6 Contextualization by historical era 96

6.7 Historical contextualization and periodization 101

6.8 Thematic contextualization 102

Chapter 7 The Analytical Task of "Analyzing the Discourse Production around a Subject" 107

7.1 Introduction 107

7.2 Procedures of discourse production 108

7.3 Anatomy of the description of discourse production around a subject 113

7.4 Examples illustrating analysis of discourse production 116

7.5 Textual and discursive assessment 120

Part 3 Procedures of Description 123

Chapter 8 Definition of the Domain of Knowledge and Configuration of the Topical Structure 125

8.1 Introduction 125

8.2 Some reminders and specifications 126

8.3 (Re-)configuring and adapting an existing topical structure 130

8.4 (Re-)configuring more complex topical structures 133

Chapter 9 The Procedure of Free Description of an Audiovisual Corpus 139

9.1 Introduction 139

9.2 Organization of the so-called "free description" procedure 140

9.3 The descriptive activity [Minimal designation] 143

9.4 The descriptive activity [Contextualized designation] 146

9.5 The activities of [Drafting of a summary presentation] and [Designation of the referent in the original language] 149

9.6 The descriptive activity [Designation of the referent by keywords] 150

9.7 Pragmatic and onomasiological variants of the activity of [Minimal designation] 153

Chapter 10 The Procedure of Controlled Description of an Audiovisual Corpus 155

10.1 Introduction 155

10.2 Organization of the procedure called controlled description 156

10.3 Working with several micro-thesauruses 159

10.4 Selecting, classifying and ranking terms using a micro-thesaurus 161

10.5 An approach combining controlled and free description 163

Part 4 The ASW System of Metalinguistic Resources 167

Chapter 11 An Overview of the ASW Metalinguistic Resources 169

11.1 Introduction 169

11.2 General overview of the ASW system of metalinguistic resources 170

11.3 The ASW meta-lexicon of conceptual terms 174

11.4 The ASW thesaurus 177

11.5 The schemas of definition 180

11.6 The sequences of description 184

11.7 Resources external to the ASW system 187

11.8 ASW Modeling Workshop 190

Chapter 12 The Meta-lexicon Representing the ASW Universe of Discourse 197

12.1 Introduction 197

12.2 "Conceptual term" and "theme" - a few explanations 198

12.3 The definitional structure of a topic 200

12.4 The ASW universe of discourse 202

12.5 The general organization of the vocabulary relating to analytical objects in the ASW universe of discourse 206

12.6 Questions relating to the organization of the ASW vocabulary of conceptual terms representing analytical objects 210

12.7 The process of developing the ASW vocabulary of conceptual terms defining analytical objects 214

Chapter 13 Detailed Presentation of the Conceptual Vocabulary [Object of analysis] 217

13.1 Introduction 217

13.2 The two branches [Natural object] and [Object of value] 218

13.3 Questions of organization of the ASW meta-lexicon 221

13.4 How are we to take account of different classifications? 226

13.5 The conceptual domain represented by the term [Functional material object] 229

13.6 The conceptual domain represented by the term [Social object] 233

13.7 The Conceptual domain represented by the term [Cultural object] 235

13.8 Taxonomic domains belonging to the branch [Primary symbolic object] 238

13.9 Taxonomic domains belonging to the branch [Secondary symbolic object] 242

13.10 The taxonomic domains of the branch [Object "Perdurant"] 245

13.11 The taxonomic domains of the branch [Object "Region"] 248

Chapter 14 The Meta-lexicon of Activities Involved in Analyzing the Textual Object 251

14.1 Introduction 251

14.2 Four categories of textual analysis activities 252

14.3 The class of activities [Procedure of structural analysis of the textual object] 255

14.4 The class of activities [Procedure of analysis of the textual object using the ASW thesaurus] 259

14.5 The class of activities [Procedure of analysis using an ASW external reference] 260

14.6 The class of activities [Procedure of pragmatic analysis of the textual object] 264

14.7 Activity of analysis and schemas of indexation 265

14.8 The library of schemas of indexing 268

Chapter 15 The ASW Thesaurus 273

15.1 Introduction 273

15.2 General presentation of the ASW thesaurus 274

15.3 Facets and lists of standardized expressions 277

Chapter 16 The Configurational Building Blocks of Models of Description 281

16.1 Introduction 281

16.2 Analysis of an audiovisual text and models of description 282

16.3 The library of sequences making up the model of thematic description 284

16.4 Definition and insertion of a sequence into a model of description 289

16.5 Summary presentation of a library of schemas of definition 292

Conclusion and Perspectives 297

Bibliography 301

Glossary of Specialized Terms 307

Glossary of Acronyms 337

Index 349

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)