The Auditory System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Clinical Correlates / Edition 1

The Auditory System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Clinical Correlates / Edition 1

by Frank E. Musiek, Jane A. Baran
     
 

ISBN-10: 0205335535

ISBN-13: 9780205335534

Pub. Date: 03/17/2006

Publisher: Pearson

From well-known author, Frank Musiek, comes a new text designed to aid audiology students through the clinical portion of their experience.

The Auditory System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Clinical Correlates takes an easy-to-understand approach to anatomy and physiology of the auditory system.

Balanced coverage of peripheral

Overview

From well-known author, Frank Musiek, comes a new text designed to aid audiology students through the clinical portion of their experience.

The Auditory System: Anatomy, Physiology, and Clinical Correlates takes an easy-to-understand approach to anatomy and physiology of the auditory system.

Balanced coverage of peripheral and central auditory systems increase the readers’ appreciation of the entire auditory system. Chapter 1 provides a quick reference and overview to the entire text. Integrated clinical correlates for anatomical and physiological information provide clinical relevance. Generous use of review articles and secondary sources enhances general understanding of the subject and a balanced mixture of anatomical sketches and photographs facilitates learning.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205335534
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
03/17/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

1. Overview of the Anatomy and Physiology of the Auditory System

Introduction to the Auditory System

The Peripheral Auditory System

External and Middle Ear

The Cochlea

The Auditory Nerve

The Central Auditory System

The Cochlear Nucleus

The Superior Olivary Complex

The Lateral Lemniscus

Inferior Colliculus

The Medial Geniculate Body and Auditory Thalamus

Auditory Cortex and Subcortex

The Corpus Callosum

Vascular Anatomy and Related Functions

Vascular Anatomy of the Peripheral System

Vascular Anatomy of the Central Auditory System

The Efferent System

The Caudal and Rostral Systems

Neurotransmission in the Auditory System

Summary

2. The External Ear: Its Structure and Function

Introduction

Anatomy

Pinna (Auricle)

External Auditory Meatus (Ear Canal)

Functions of the Outer Ear

Pinna ( Auricle)

External Auditory Meatus (Ear Canal)

Directional Effects

Combined Effects of the Head and Torso and Outer Ear on Pressure Gain

Summary

3. Anatomy and Physiology of the Middle Ear

Introduction

Anatomy

Middle Ear Space (Cavity)

Tympanic Membrane (Eardrum)

Ossicular Chain

Support for the Ossicular Chain

Eustachian Tube

Middle Ear Muscles

Middle Ear Space

Combined Effects of the Outer Ear and Middle Ear on Sound Transmission

Tympanic Membrane (Eardrum)

Ossicular Chain

Eustachian Tube

The Middle Ear Transformer

Bone-Conduction Mechanisms

Summary

4. Functional Anatomy of the Cochlea

Introduction

Overview of the Temporal Bone

Osseous (Bony) Cochlea

Membranous Cochlea and Related Structures

Scalae and Cochlear Fluids

Basilar and Reissner’s Membranes

Organ of Corti

Tectorial Membrane

Reticular Lamina

Lateral Wall of Cochlear Duct

Hair Cells

Supporting Cells

Summary

5. Cochlear Physiology I: Mostly Mechanics

Introduction

The Traveling Wave

Hair Cell Mechanics

Summary

6. Cochlear Physiology II: Mostly Electrophysiology

Introduction

Cochlear Organization

Fluid Compartments

Cochlear Duct and Organ of Corti

Sensory Hair Cells

Stria Vascularis: Ion Pumps and Potassium Recycling

Hair Cell Transduction

Channel Selectivity

Gross Cochlear Potentials

Endocochlear Potential

Cochlear Microphonic Potential

Summating Potential

Compound Action Potential

Hair Cell Receptor Potentials

Basal Turn IHC Receptor Potential

Basal Turn OHC Receptor Potential

Apical Turn IHCs and OHCs

Hair Cell Tuning

Hair Cell Input/Output Functions

Efferent Stimulation

OHC Function

Electromotility

Electromotility Motor and Prestin

Otocoustic Emissions

Types of Otocoustic Emissions

TEOAEs

DPOAEs

SOAEs

EEOAEs

Prestin, DPOAEs, and Threshold

7. Structure and Function of the Auditory Nerve

Introduction

Anatomy of the Auditory Nerve

Physiology of the Auditory Nerve

Fundamental Considerations

Frequency Coding of Tones

Frequency Coding of Complex Sounds

Two-Tone Inhibition

The Effect of Intensity on Frequency Coding

Intensity Coding

Firing Pattern and Adaptation

Evoked Potentials and the Auditory Nerve

Latency-Intensity Functions

Conduction Velocity of the Auditory Nerve

Neurotransmitters

Summary

8. The First Central Auditory Structure: The Cochlear Nucleus

Introduction

Anatomy of the Cochlear Nucleus

General Aspects

Inputs to the Cochlear Nucleus

Cell Types

Physiology of the Cochlear Nucleus

Acoustic Responses of the Cell Types

Frequency Representation

Intensity Coding

Temporal Functions

Speech Signals

Binaural Processes

Evoked Potentials

Output of the Cochlear Nucleus

Neurotransmitters at the Cochlear Nucleus

The Acoustic Startle Reflex and the Cochlear Nucleus

Summary

9. Superior Olivary Complex

Introduction

Anatomy of the Superior Olivary Complex

General Aspects

Neural Inputs to the Superior Olivary Complex

Related Anatomy

Cell Types

Tonotopic Organization

Projections from the Superior Olivary Complex

Physiology of the Superior Olivary Complex

Interaural Interaction, Localization, and Lateralization

The ABR and the Superior Olivary Complex

Binaural Interaction Components of the ABR: Relationships to the SOC

Tuning Curves and Cell Response Types in the Superior Olivary Complex

Intensity Coding at the Superior Olivary Complex

Interaural Timing and the Superior Olivary Complex

Neurotransmitters in the Superior Olivary Complex

The Acoustic Reflex

Anatomy of the Acoustic Reflex Arc

Physiology of the Acoustic Reflex

Laterality of the Acoustic Reflex

Intensity and the Acoustic Reflex

Latency of the Acoustic Reflex

Summary

10. The Lateral Lemniscus and Inferior Colliculus

Introduction

Anatomy of the Lateral Lemniscus

Cell Types

Physiology of the Lateral Lemniscus

Cell Discharge Patterns

Tonotopic Organization

Temporal and Binaural Aspects

Neurotransmitters

Role of the Lateral Lemniscus in the ABR

Anatomy of the Inferior Colliculus

Afferent Inputs

Output of the Inferior Colliculus

Cell Types

Physiology of the Inferior Colliculus

Tonotopicity and Frequency Characteristics

Intensity Coding

Temporal Processes and Amplitude Modulation

Binaural Activity and Sound Localization

Neurotransmitters of the Inferior Colliculus

Summary

11. The Medial Geniculate Body and Auditory Thalamus

Introduction

Anatomy of the Medial Geniculate and the Auditory Thalamus

Neural Inputs

Neural Outputs

Cell Types

Physiology of the Medial Geniculate Body and Auditory Thalamus

Frequency Information

Intensity Aspects

Temporal Responses

Bianural Coding

Comparison of Selected Physiologic Properties of the Main Divisions of the MGB

Pathological Aspects

Neurotransmitters

Summary

12. The Auditory Cortex and Subcortex

Introduction

Anatomy of the Auditory Cortex and Subcortex

Inputs to the Auditory Cortex and Subcortex

Auditory Cortex Location

The “Belt-Core” Concept

Intrahemispheric Connections of the Primary Auditory Cortex

Insula

Supramarginal Gyrus and Angular Gyrus

Physiology of the Auditory Cortex and Subcortex

Frequency Coding

Insula Tonotopicity

Tuning Curves

Intensity Coding and the Auditory Cortex

Modulated Signals (FM and AM)

Temporal Aspects of the Auditory Cortex

Speech and Complex Stimuli

Auditory Cortex and Hearing in Noise

Binaural Interactions and the Auditory Cortex

Evoked Potentials

Ablation Studies of the Auditory Cortex

Functional Imaging and the Auditory Cortex

Neurotransmitters of the Auditory Cortex

Summary

13. The Corpus Callosum and Auditory Interhemispheric Function

Introduction

Anatomy of the Corpus Callosum and Interhemispheric Neuronal Pathways

Maturation, Age, and Gender Effects on Corpus Callosum Anatomy

Physiology of the Corpus Callosum and Interhemispheric Neuronal Pathways

Neuronal Pathways

Maturation and Age Effects on Callosal Transfer Time

Human Psychophysics and Function of the Corpus Callosum

Anterior Commissure

Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum

Summary

14. Vascular Anatomy of the Auditory System

Introduction

Vascular Anatomy of the Auditory Periphery

The Outer Ear and the Middle Ear

The Cochlea and the Auditory Nerve

Vascular Anatomy of the Central Auditory System

Summary

15. The Efferent System

Introduction

Overview of the Efferent System

The Rostral Efferent System

Anatomy of the Rostral Efferent System

Physiology of the Rostral Efferent System

The Caudal Efferent System

Anatomy of the Caudal Efferent System

Physiology of the Caudal Efferent System

Summary

Glossary

References

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